And goats and stress do not go well together. Between about 1930 and 1960 a variety of small goats of the West African Dwarf group of breeds were imported from Africa to the United States to be exhibited in zoos. However, the more kids in a freshening the more varied the weight of the kids can be. So here is a list of vital signs to know about your goat. Goats (and for that matter cows) do have to kid, calf or have a baby before they can give milk. The Saanen is another great dairy goat if you want more traditional type ears. Because they can breed off season - different than other goats, it is easy to keep a year round milk supply. • *You do still need to know the specific weight of a goat … We have been leaving our 4 month old Great Pyrenees puppy, Titus, in the goat pasture with the adult goats. There are not many medications developed for goats so many treatments come from medications meant for other livestock. I love goats. If you change the bacteria in the rumen too quickly you can cause bloat or the rumen to shut down. When the market is strong the price of Nigerian Dwarfs increases. This is all given at feeding time, but they have access to coastal hay and minerals all day long. A doe can support up to 4 kids in good living conditions without supplementing the kids. The Nigerian Dwarf, like the American Pygmy Goat, derives from these, but does not resemble the stocky West African Dwarf in conformation – it has been bred to have the appearance of a miniature dairy goat. When researching what our goats can and can not have, we have come across many lists on the internet. Doelings (female goats) are generally ready to breed at 8-12 months of age. We make no apologies. http://www.luresext.edu/sites/default/files/BCS_factsheet.pdf, https://standleeforage.com/products/premium-alfalfa-pellets, (You must log in or sign up to reply here. They can be as little as 10 ounces and still survive with a little assistance. Bucklings can be fertile as early as 8 weeks. Each goat can comfortably live in an area spanning about 10 square feet. Registered goats typically cost from between $300 and $500 USD per head. This is an attempt to provide a starting point for goat owners and definitely is not a definitive list. The earliest record of Nigerian Dwarf goats is from West Africa. I don’t feed just alfalfa pellets to my lactating does. When giving birth, the Nigerian Dwarf Goat doe will produce three to five babies. Adult Nigerian dwarf goats weigh approximately 75 pounds when full grown. If she is found to be ok upon visual inspection, meaning no open wounds or sores and no signs of pain. Goats have a rumen like cows and sheep. Nigerian dwarf milk has a higher butterfat (6-10%) than other goat milk and is excellent for making cheese, butter, ice cream and soap. Open does are fed free choice brome hay, graze, minerals and baking soda. Vetricyn, Vitamin B 12 (BOSE), Meloxican for pain relief, Ammonium Chloride, Vinegar, CD&T, Minerals (block or loose), Baking soda, Dried kelp food grade, Probiotics, Diatimatious Earth... A few tools that are handy to have are as follows: Hoof trimmers, Wood file, Collar and leash, Carrier for transport, Bowls to feed, Water heater elements to prevent frozen water in the winter, Rake, Barn lime, Shelter / Large dog house, Water container, Food container, Hay manger, Leur lock syringes and 22 gauge - 1” needles, Standard syringes, Alcohol, Cotton balls and paper towels, Scissors, Nasal Aspirator, Disposable scalpel, Disposable gloves, Digital thermometer... Nigerian dwarf goats can be milked once or twice a day. Yes. Rectal Temperature 101.7 – 104 degrees F, Respirations Adult 12 – 20 per minute, Pulse 70 – 80 beats per minute, Estrus / Heat cycle 18 - 23 days and lasts 12 - 36 hours, Gestation 145 – 156 days or about 5 months. Keep a log or chart of illnesses, medications, freshening, vaccinations, etc on your goat. Some breeders even breed 3 times in two years to maximize the does potential. She may look at her side, like she can’t figure out what is going on. According to the Columbian Park Zoo, this West African breed are found all over the world today. This helps decrease any discomfort for the doe and speeds up the amount of time it takes. However, if possible, wait until they are about 4 months old. Truthfully, they prefer these more than grass. After milking, the doe is returned to her kids. She raises Nigerian Dwarf goats, Buckeye chickens, honey bees and produce. Finally, conformation determines how much Nigerian Dwarf Goats are worth if they are to be a show goat. A newborn Nigerian dwarf goat weighs around 2 pounds at birth. The doe is then milked one time a day, until the kids are weaned. Many goat owners do not attempt to breed doelings until they are at least 80% of their adult weight. They birth on average 3 to 4 babies at a time, called kids. Goats of this breed usually have a butcher weight of approximately 25 to 40 pounds (11 to 18 kilograms). Feeds containing UREA. Do not allow a Cae positive doe to nurse her kids. Many breeders keep their goats naturally horned. When you have your supplies ready and your hands washed. They are fed a 16-18% dairy goat feed. They are definitely much smaller in size than full-size goats. It may seem elementary to some of us, but I have been asked too many times "Do goats give milk all the time like cows or do they have to have a baby first?" No one in our family grew up on a farm and learning to milk has been a process. At that time, we begin milking twice a day about 12 hours apart. Owning two means you should have a minimum of 20 – 25 square feet. Please consult your veterinarian for verification. « Basic Health Care Supplies – Nigerian Dwarf Goats. One Nigerian dwarf goat care sheet to remember is that a doe with kids will require shelter that’s draft-proof. However, cows and sheep are grazers and will eat everything in an area. She was in the shelter laying quietly. Something may be wrong. When my electronic milker comes in I’ll be milking more. When her stream slows bump the udder or massage softly then finish milking her out. The uterus contracts and dilates, forcing the unborn kid against the cervix (neck of the uterus). Angora goats, the most common type of fiber goat, can weigh 88 pounds (40 kg) or more. They commonly have 1 to 4 kids at one freshening, even up to 5, 6 or 7 kids. This process usually lasts about 12 hours for goats that are kidding for the first time, but every goat is different.During this stage the goat will be restless. Mini-Manchas “Mini-manchas”, as in LaMancha does crossed with Nigerian Dwarf bucks, are sometimes used as pets or homestead dairy goats. Buying a Nigerian Dwarf Goat For Sale Is her udder red, cut, hot or does she jump when you touch her? If you are feeding just alfalfa then that sounds about right. When changing feed, always make changes slowly. Are you interested in raising pint-sized goats that are productive and friendly? Nigerian Dwarf goats have a more slender neck, and thinner, longer legs. They also are extremely friendly, so they are a great fit for the Goat Yard. This is then set atop the half gallon mason jar. We filter our milk through a stainless steal coffee filter that sits inside of a canning funnel. In fact, they are very particular and will not eat food that has been dropped on the ground or soiled. I will give a list of plants to avoid that have been reported to be poisonous or harmful to goats somewhere on the internet. Our vet told me once “You will tell me when something is wrong.” And he was right. History. 1) Make sure the grain is in the bucket, 2) Stanchion is locked before beginning to milk. The babies are called kids. And she wasn’t hollering at me. *It is also a good idea to give probiotics with Vitamin E during stressful situations. Each one has specific needs that the other does not. This is a good time to move the bucklings away from the does. Divide the weight by the number of goats and you have a total weight to figure out how much hay you need to purchase for the year. You’re probably familiar with pygmy goats, which are another small-sized goat. A goat will seek out the minerals that they need if it is not provided to them. This can be stressful. We milk two times a day by hand. We do supplement the grain with kelp and BOSS at times. To avoid illness we have worked with our vet to carefully to determine how to feed each one. It is better to have a veterinarian surgically dehorn them at this point. Brownie (Nigerian Dwarf Doe) with Her Twin Kids about 12 Hours Old Following Morning, Brownie (Nigerian Dwarf Doe) with Her Twin Kids. We have tested all our goats for Cae, CL and Johne’s disease. The best advice I can give is to know your goat. Nigerian dwarf goats often produce multiple kids; 3, 4 or even 5 kids per pregnancy. They are all negative and can raise their kids naturally without concern. Answer: Nigerian dwarf does weigh between 25 and 35 pounds. This can be confusing as some things are listed as good for them and on another list as poisonous. To view my affiliate disclaimer, click here. The doe can be milked immediately and the kids can be bottle fed. Question: Does a nigerian dwarf doe have to have kids to have milk? Since 2010, Lesa's writing has inspired new homesteaders on their journey to more sustainable lifestyles via this website. Adult females are called does and young females are called doelings. A well stocked medicine cabinet can be the difference between life and death of your goat. I just weighed my does, and one (Gracie) weighed 56.6lbs (Still surprised I could lift her! Goats are browsers. Those little guys have been know to breed and be fertile as young as 7 weeks of age. Not only are these goats great reproducers but they are also great producers. Kids with non- immunized does: Birth, 4 , 6 weeks ? A herd of Nigerian Dwarf goats is call a tribe or a trip. Nigerian Dwarf goat breed generally have simple births with few problems and kids are born at an average of around 2 pounds. There are other milk breeds that can produce more milk than the Nigerian dwarf but requires a lot of space, effort in food, supply and maintenance and can be a little hard to handle, especially for beginners. A newborn Nigerian dwarf goat weighs around 2 pounds at birth. We give them a pain med and disbud the kids that have erupted horns. Most of our goats come from great bloodlines. However, it is still recommended to get the help of a professional, such as a veterinarian, to deal with the whole process. The compact size makes keeping them easy keepers on smaller properties. And if you have space and a safe environment - goats with horns are fine. They only have 3 to 6 inches between their udder and the floor of the milk stanchion. Colors and Patterns. However, if the milk comes from a doe that has CAE, Johne’s, or another infectious disease, then the milk needs to be pasteurized so that the kid does not get infected.Beyond that, you’ll hear people argue all day long about what to The following is the routine that works for our family. Right now I’m only milking one. We feed a good quality goat feed year round to our herd of 25-30 Nigerian Dwarf goats, but reduce it to only about 1/2 cup twice per day when the goats are dry. The goat market is something that dictates the value of Nigerian Dwarf Goats. I tried searching the Internet to find out how much a full grown Nigerian Dwarf doe should weigh, and saw everything from 25-70lbs, so I figured I'd better ask on TGS. This has been on an as needed basis when illness, recovery or an exceptionally long winter with poor hay quality is needed to keep them in good condition. I prefer to give my girls a few months to rest and recuperate before they are bred again. African Rue, Andromeda (related to foxglove), Azalea, Brouwer’s Beauty Andromeda, Boxwood, Burning bush berries, Calotropis, Cassava (manioc), China Berry Trees, all parts, Choke cherries, Datura, Dog Hobble, Dumb Cane (diffenbachia / houseplant), Eunoumus Bush Berries, False Tansy, “Fiddleneck”, Flixweed, Fusha, Holly Trees / bushes, Ilysanthes floribunda, Japanese pieris (extremely toxic), Japanese Yew, Lantana (? Alert and defending them from dogs and any other animals they think could hurt their babies. Fescue grass- not poisonous just not recommended. Listen with your eyes to what she is telling you. Disbudding at this stage is not very effective and can be more painful to the kid. WATER is the number one priority of the goat owner. A stainless steal pan, funnel, screen/filter basket, strip cup and a glass milk jar. They do not eat anything as urban legend suggests. I would want a doeling to be 60 pounds or close to it before breeding. Wethers are ideal for pets. When feeding our Nigerian dwarf goats we feed the bucks/wethers and does differently. The does gestation period is 145 to 156 days or about 5 months. Goat milk is best, and I prefer raw milk because it has all of the antibodies intact. A movement toward self sustaining lifestyles has helped increase interest in this breed. When cared for properly, the Nigerian Dwarf goat can have a lifespan of between 12 and 14 years. 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