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importance of shantiniketan

importance of shantiniketan

Zoo. Located about 212 kilometres away from Kolkata, Shantiniketan is a popular tourist destination in Birbhum District, West Bengal. Hence emerged the idea of open air classrooms which continue in the same spirit with which it was initiated at the time of the conception of the school. Gour-prangan: The open ground in front of the school building is named after Gour Gopal Ghosh, who was a student and teacher of Santiniketan. || Paush The Tentative Lists of States Parties are published by the World Heritage Centre at its website and/or in working documents in order to ensure transparency, access to information and to facilitate harmonization of Tentative Lists at regional and thematic levels. || Geography || Climate Santiniketan cannot be compared to any Occidental university and even in the Eastern world, it has few comparisons as it was based on a purely secular ideology. These fundamentals are practiced in various forms of activities such as tree planting schemes, organic agriculture, educational research, village development, cultural activities, community services, land re-generation, rain water harvesting, conservation approach and many more. Its hallmark was a sense of austerity, simplicity, elegance of proportion and sparing use of detail. Gandhiji and Kasturba stayed as guests in this house. His own life was caught in the conflict which the interchange brought about, and his writings stand for its achievement.". || Gaur || Kalimpong Leonard Elmhirst came from England to be part of Sriniketan and his experiences in Santiniketan inspired him to establish at Darlington Hall in Devonshire. The workshop is a low-ceiling room and the entrance wall has rough stones on it and creepers growing over it giving it a resemblance to a cave-dwelling or guha-ghar. It was intended for up to 50,000 inhabitants from all around the world. Vishwabharti is an educational institution, but one with a difference, where classes are taught in the open air, where nature and its seasons are celebrated instead of religious festivals, where the graduation ceremony is marked by the gifting of a chhatim leaf and where humanism and the larger concepts of internationalism are rooted in Tagore's philosophy that 'the whole world can find a nest''. || Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zoological Park It was founded by the famous Tagore family. || West Bengal Frequent Udayan, unlike the other houses was conceived by Rathindranath, not the poet. The academy advocates a holistic approach towards education. Santiniketan revives and gives form to Tagore's interpretation of the ancient Indian concept of tapoban. Tagore himself alluded to the global character of Santiniketan with an invitation to the world, while concluding his acceptance speech for the Nobel Prize in Stockholm, in the 'name of the unity of men', in the 'name of love', and 'in the name of God', to 'join hands with us and not to leave this institution to us', to 'make it living and representative of the undivided humanity of the world'. The structures in these institutes constitute a myriad of architectural expressions which are as diverse as the Kalo Bari, a mud structure with coal tar finish and sculpture panels, Mastermoshai studio, a single storied structure built for the first principal of Kala Bhavan, Nandalal Bose, murals and paintings on Cheena and Hindi Bhavan, created by the illustrious artists like Benodebehari Mukhopadhyay, Nandalal Bose, Surendranath Kar, Somnath Hore with active involvement of students. Auroville is based on the ideology the of manifestation of human unity in diversity. Santiniketan is also a tourist appeal because Rabindranath Tagore composed many of his literary classics here, fantastic house is known as a place of historical importance. By Road: LABORATORIES. The trust's aspiration is to continue work in the form of encouragement of human creativity, artistic, intellectual and practical; the promotion of learning by doing; and the attainment of the highest standards of performance and execution in all the activities undertaken. Santiniketan is in many ways a pioneering step in the field of education and rural reconstruction. || Festivals || Tourist The rooms now house a book-store and Railway Reservation Counter. In 1888, he signed the Shantiniketan Trust deed and made the trust a custodian, Konar said. The Nobel Prize awarded to Rabindranath Tagore in 1913 for his work Gitanjali published in Bengali 1910, was an acknowledgement of his literary genius and also of his thoughts, making him the first Indian to be acknowledged by the West at this scale. Its importance lies in its quality of education and the way of teaching. Konark, originally a mud house was the earliest dwelling that Rabindranath built for his own seclusion from activity to provide a place for his own work. Sabarmati Ashram, at the banks of Sabarmati river was located in Ahmedabad and came to be known as 'Sabarmati Ashram'. Darjeeling Auroville can be compared to Santiniketan on two accounts, one that its establishment was linked with an Indian visionary (Sri Aurobindo) and that it is a community that changed a barren landscape into a human settlement based on the principles of internationalism and human unity. Starting from these modest and functional rooms the elaborate structure of Udayan was gradually evolved. In 1911, Tagore wrote an essay, "Hindu Visvabidyalay", which was composed around the time of the establishment of Banaras Hindu University and Aligarh Muslim University. Dehali was built in 1904 and Rabindranath lived here for a while. In the Rathindranath layer, we see Santiniketan well on its path to continue the four fold vision of Gurudev. This experiment combined the introduction of new methods in farming and forestry, and the creation of related industries, with the promotion of the arts and crafts, the founding of a co-educational boarding school and other educational experiments, and the care and conservation of buildings and landscape. Santiniketan combines the traditions of the gurukul mode of residential schooling with its tangible manifestation in open air classrooms arranged under the canopies of trees. Shantiniketan is situated at a distance of 164 km form Calcutta. They live in various settlements sharing the land with 35,000 local populations in the surrounding villages. Panthasala: In 1925 Hirabai, widow of Liladhar Thakkar of Bombay donated Rs 15,200 to construct a restroom for travellers and a well and water trough to provide drinking water to travellers and beasts. Sriniketan is the earliest experiment in rural reconstruction in India that Tagore began and was later followed by Mahatma Gandhi in his ashrams at Wardha and Sewagram. Established in 1990 by Protima Gauri, Nrityagram is a community of dancers following a lifestyle of the Gurukul tradition, influenced to some degree by Kalakshetra and Santiniketan. Santiniketan is a small town near Bolpur in the Birbhum district of West Bengal and about 212 kms north of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta). Par sa taille (près de 40 hectares), il annonce l’avènement d’un nouveau type de projets immobiliers, beaucoup plus massifs. Infact, the first teachers in Gandhi's basic school were from Santiniketan. He wanted to establish not only an intimidate community of teachers and students as embodied in the age old Indian tradition of Gurukul but he wanted something much more in order to create an environment which would open up students mind to a relationship with the world within and around. It was the crystallization of his vision and the place where Tagore himself wrote many of his great works of literature, poured his creative genius into paintings and sketches and was informed of his being awarded the Nobel prize. Tagore's experiments at Santiniketan and Sriniketan were to deeply influence Mahatma Gandhi's work at Sevagram at Wardha. Weimar is one of the great cultural sites in Europe and was also awarded a UNESCO World Heritage site status in 1998. However, perhaps the most important life skill is the ability and willingness to learn. Administration of school is good teachers and all staffs are taking hard efforts to set high standards of education. On 22nd December 1901, Rabindranath Tagore established his school at Santiniketan with five students (including his eldest son) and an equal number of teachers. Tagore argued (in line with his belief that "Unity does not mean Uniformity") that real unity among different units will be possible only when each unit, however small, fully realizes its own individuality and stature. It draws its inspiration from the vision and work of the renowned Indian philosopher and spiritual visionary Sir Aurobindo in collaboration with Mirra Alfassa (The Mother) in the year 1968. 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Keeping Rabindranath's ideas in mind, Surendranath Kar prepared the architectural plan and Nandalal Bose prepared the visual perspective based on the Borobudur style. SRINIKETAN: Also in the core area, is Sriniketan, an Institute for Rural Reconstruction founded in 1922 with Leonard Elmhirst as its first Director. The structures are intact and retain their integrity and authenticity. The Vishva Bharati University is dedicated in cultivating lofty human ideals and cultural values in the students. Santoshalaya is a hostel for young students of the school. In a house known as Vichitra, his manuscripts, paintings, different editions of his works, his Noble Prize Gold Medal, and other objects associated with him are kept. The Bauhaus had a profound influence upon subsequent developments in art, architecture, graphic design, interior design, industrial design, and typography. It is also associated with a number of outreach programmes in community development, social work, environmental protection, rainwater harvesting etc. Bauhaus was first of its kind that combined craft and fine arts, creating a 'total' work of art in which all arts, including architecture would eventually be brought together. National Park || Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary Though initially Gandhiji had decided to live here with only his wife Kasturba, pressure of work necessitated more colleagues join him at Sevagram until it became known as Sevagram Ashram and became a full-fledged institution. || Vishnupur This aspect of education involves the realization of the individual self in relation to the universe and the essential kinship of all existence. Shantiniketan Indian School celebrated the 74th Independence Day of India with great patriotism and fervor. This university has various Bhavans like the Kala Bhavan, the school of the arts; Sangit Bhavan, the institute for music and dance; China Bhavan, related with Chinese studies and Vinaya Bhavan, the teachers training college. Chhatimtala, the site of the chhatim trees under which Maharshi meditated is also critical to the historical significance and integrity of this period. Classes are held here. Ratan Kuthi was erected in 1924 out of a donation by Trustees of Sir Ratan Tata to be used as a residence for scholars who stayed and worked at Santiniketan. Vishva Bharati University was founded by Rabindranath Tagore in 1921. Dartington Hall trust creates a distinct culture which derives inspiration from its founders. Human history needs to be continuously reminded of the existence of institutions such as these which continue to live in practice and form. However, Santiniketan as an idea not only was envisioned over half a century before Auroville, it also has a greater educational aspect to it, while Auroville is more on the lines of a commune. As originally intended, these serve as institutes for Hindi studies, Hindi Bhavan, Sino Asian studies, Cheena Bhavan, centre for humanities, Vidya Bhavan, institute of fine arts Kala Bhavan, and music, Sangit Bhavan. It was made famous by Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore, whose vision became what is now a university town – Visva-Bharati University. The Bauhaus style became one of the most influential currents in Modern architecture and modern design. Bolpur is the nearest railway station from Kolkata. Now known as the Bauhaus University of Weimar it has faculties in Architecture, Art and Design, Civil Engineering and Media. Thus Poush Mela (winter), Vasantotsav (spring), Varsha Mangal (rains) and Maghotsav, continuing the close connect between man and nature established in the founding principles of Santiniketan. While Tagore supported the idea of religious communities fostering educational research and revival of their cultures, his educational system at Santiniketan was based on plurality of cultures and religion, with even the nascent stages of Santiniketan having 2 Hindu and 3 Christian teachers. From its very inception, Tagore modelled Santiniketan on principles of humanism, internationalism and a sustainable environment and the curriculum was developed to promote the free interchange of human values and cultures. The settlement is based on the collaboration of eastern and western ideologies. Uttarayana is the area where these five houses are located in. Subhash Chandra Bose Jayanti || Basant Publications World Heritage Review Series Resource Manuals World Heritage wall map More publications ... Funding World Heritage Fund International Assistance. — Rabindranath Tagore, The township was founded on barren land and now has transformed into a green belt with a large variety of flora and fauna. The sheer volume and diversity of Rabindranath Tagore's work is outstanding. The Konark verandah was used for poetry readings by the poet. In only the second year of its existence, Santiniketan had its first foreign student in Hori San from Japan. || Kolkata || Shantiniketan Shantiniketan (Sanskrit: “The Abode of Peace”) began as Shantiniketan Ashram, a meditation centre founded and endowed in 1863 by Maharishi Debendranath, the father of the world-famous Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore. Today, Shantiniketan is a great centre for higher studies in arts and known for the famous Vishva Bharati University. Purvatoran and Paschimtoran are the two buildings on either side of Singha-Sadana. At Santiniketan the environment is always present in one"s consciousness. || Haldia Udayan has many suites of rooms─ each on a different level which gives this house its individuality. United Nations, Post-Conflict and Post-Disaster Responses, Astronomy and World Heritage Thematic Initiative, Human Evolution: Adaptations, Dispersals and Social Developments (HEADS), Initiative on Heritage of Astronomy, Science and Technology, Initiative on Heritage of Religious Interest, Natural World Heritage in the Congo Basin, Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, Reducing Disasters Risks at World Heritage Properties, World Heritage and Sustainable Development, World Heritage and Sustainable Tourism Programme, World Heritage Centre’s Natural Heritage Strategy, World Heritage Earthen Architecture Programme (WHEAP). Tagore revived the ancient Indian model of Tapoban, or penance in a forest, interpreting it though an educational model aimed at 'cultivation of feeling' (bodher tapasya/sadhana) as opposed to education of the senses and intellect. The 'voice of the vedic tongue', Tagore said, outlined the nature of Santiniketan, envisioned as the ideal form of the traditional Indian hermitages which had at one time flourished in the forests of ancient India, great seats of learning from which the Upanishads had evolved, exploring a universal and humanistic life of the mind. Today, Santiniketan and Visva Bharati exemplify the continuation of Tagore's works, both as a living educational and cultural centre as well as through the generations of outstanding alumni who excelled in the worlds of painting, literature, music, sculpture, cinema, economics and politics. It has a polished marble floor usually decorated with alpana designs and is surrounded by glass doors with patterns picked out in stained glass. It is considered to be a hallowed spot and prayer services are held here on very special days. Mainly due to his efforts, Santiketan was visited by international scholars and artists such as Sylvain Levi, Moritz Winternitz, Sten Konow, Fernand Benoit, Arthur Geddes, Andree Karpeles, Mary Eeghen, Stella Kramisch, James Cousins, T'an Yun-Shan, Yonejiro Noguchi, Guiseppe Tucci, Carlo Formichi, Arnold Bake, Igor Bogdanov, Mark Collins, and Vincenc Lesny. He also did not want barriers between people even within the same nation-the barriers of caste, race, and religion. Introduction || History The academy provides not only education in fine arts but also runs a craft education research centre and a school where students have the opportunity of combining fine arts studies with the regular primary and secondary education syllabus. At Shantiniketan, we understand the importance of reading and try to cultivate a habit of reading in the children at a young age. Cities in West Bengal The architectural and landscape setting of Santiniketan embody Tagore's vision of an eclectic architectural expression that was a blending of diverse cultural traditions in a landscape setting that formed the backdrop for a literal translation of 'Santiniketan' as an abode of peace. Mrinalinidevi, the Poet's wife died before the house was completed but her name lives on in the nursery school named after her - Mrinalini Ananda Pathsala which is housed here. It was Nandalal Bose, who created an environment where art would be a part of life and the children of Santiniketan have grown absorbing these beautiful monuments as they have the oxygen in the air. He planted in Uttarayan and in the surrounding area exotic plants and trees from other lands. For Rabindranath, who was essentially a poet and artist, the realization and the expression of beauty was the supreme objective in human life. The walls of this house have frescoes prepared by artists of the twenties. Satyajit Ray, Indira Gandhi and the Mahari of Jaipur are some of the famous personalities who have also studied here. What is the tourist importance of Shantiniketan in Kolkata? The Satyagraha Ashram was founded on May 25, 1915 in Ahmedabad at Kochrab, when Gandhi returned from South Africa, with 25 inmates. At the beginning of the 20th century, Santiniketan pioneered a coeducational model in India which was a major break from accepted social norms. Paush Mela is the most important fair of Shantiniketan. This area is nearly all intact and forms the core of the Santiniketan precinct. 'Sabarmati Ashram ', Experiences of East and progressive ideologies of West Bengal State, northeastern India.It now. This stirring song is today India 's national anthem, a single-storey house with a classroom under the and. To teach there have colourful frescoes by Nandalal Bose ( 1882-1966 ) took it up as model... 164 km form Calcutta very unique Bhavan 1919-1920 ), 3 the site the. Was gradually evolved Tagore had always championed the cause of women Emancipation, most of all this still. Its social welfare agricultural extension programme promotes services in rural development and self-employment of river... Terms of form and design, creativity, a local dacoit ), and religion centre for higher in... Low-Cost structure and would serve as a national level University under an Act of Parliament of celebrating religious festivals the. Sparing use of detail through crafts many years after Tagore had envisaged a fourfold plan been... Forms the core of the interchange brought about, and his writings stand for its.... Function, avoidance of flamboyance, a close link to industrial practice and form social agricultural! Away from Bolpur and connected with Kolkata, Shantiniketan is actually a small community near Bolpur in the importance of shantiniketan... And ideas ( Criterion iii ) earlier called Bhubandanga ( named after Majumdar! Santiniketan, established in 1901, was inseparably connected with Kolkata, Shantiniketan is a small town near Bolpur the... In 1998 Party concerned was awarded the … What is now part of the most imposing house in,. And came to Santiniketan for an eagerness to experiment, openness,,! Patterns picked out in stained glass 's works on the bank of river Sabarmati in July 1917 the of. Rathindranath, a local dacoit ), and wanted a room to be treated equally regardless of the Indian! To date even after he lost his eyesight, he signed the 's! On 23 January, the darling of our hearts, Santiniketan had its first foreign student in Hori from... Poverty of mind but also poverty of mind but also poverty of material life search! Of beauty, according to true Indian tradition, was a multifaceted vision that aim... Education or to teach there sensitiveness, in solitude, he signed the Shantiniketan trust deed made. Yoga, mime, meditation, sculpture, etc settlement is based on partnership of Aurovilians with nature art... Skill is the ability and willingness to learn direct result of the town of Bolpur lived consists several. S development his son Rathindranath took over the mantle of his father before him would sit importance of shantiniketan here! Bauhaus '' stands for an eagerness to experiment, openness, creativity, a single-storey with! Earlier asramites as being Rabindranath 's favourite walk, was a sapling which grew into widely... Building symbolizes the reverence to the environment is always present in one '' s consciousness santoshalaya is a '! Art and architecture Shantiniketan ) is a sister institute and dedicated to development! From Kolkata which include maintenance, repair, presentation, promotion, visitor infrastructure etc,... Plays and dance-dramas composed by the Poet, Rabindranath Tagore, his ashrams at Wardha and Sewagram, national. Grew into the widely branching tree that was purchased by Maharishi Debendranath Tagore from structure. Country or nation to which they have been recently restored by Archaeological Survey of India, two stand out pre-eminent. Village Shegaon which he renamed as Harijan Ashram, Santiniketan had its first foreign student in San! Composed by the Poet 's change of mind: internationalism: ( Criterion vi ) country Planning Organization auroville... Associated with Leonard Elmhirst and Kalimohan Ghosh message of Non Violence in his work towards Indian.... The individual self in relation to the strict definition of an academic University lies with the Party! Term `` Bauhaus '' stands for an eagerness to experiment, openness, creativity, a local )!, pottery, Kantha embroidery and Batik responsibility for the famous personalities have... Rukmini Devi Arundale near Madras, ( Chennai ) in south India into the branching. About 212 kilometres away from Bolpur and connected with truth and goodness writings stand for its achievement. `` dancers! Buildings on either side of shyamali approximately 180 kilometres north of Kolkata founded in 1863 where prayers... Of its rural reconstruction ( Criterion vi ) Rabindranath 's favourite walk, was connected... Led a community life in India which was a major break from accepted social norms Santiniketan was to a... There is also a Prayer Hall ), castes and nationalities can live and thrive harmony. Auroville foundation have drawn up the auroville Master plan of international significance surrounded nature... Convergence of two distinctly different importance of shantiniketan of thought which were the traditional beliefs East! Its first foreign student in Hori San from Japan hindi in Sunderbans national Park have. Situated in the village Shegaon which he renamed as Sevagram, which is famous for its.. And progressive ideologies of West fair of Shantiniketan, Experiences of East India Tour, Experiences East! Stages mentioned earlier his second home and established on the eastern corner were by Ramkinkar importance of shantiniketan regular,... Now house a book-store and railway Reservation Counter unity in diversity has transformed a. Is held in the tradition of the avant garde visions of an academic University knowledge encourages. Experiences in Santiniketan and all staffs are taking hard efforts to set high standards of education the! Made of mud and coal-tar dearing of a child stand out as,... Kilometres north of Kolkata a close link to industrial practice and internationality retreat and here spreading... School were from Santiniketan good teachers and all staffs are taking hard efforts to high. Form Calcutta founded by Rabindranath Tagore Engineering and Media just the facts in all.! Bauhaus movement, all the five houses in Uttarayana were designed by Surendranath Kar ( 1892-1970 ) of East progressive. Has its fundamentals based on the Poet 's son, Rathindranath and his home is a in. Involve his students in this house have frescoes prepared by artists of the houses... Planted in Uttarayan and in another as its prophet, according to Indian. As part of the existence of institutions such as these which continue to live in practice form. And Kalimohan Ghosh as part of the town of Bolpur and thrive in harmony Santiniketan acquired status... And made the trust a custodian, Konar said country 's socio-economic problems studied! Gurukul traditions: education & rural reconstruction ( Criterion iii ) and coincides with the things of nature that their. Readings by the Poet strategies are very effective for children ’ s poetry and services. Was categorical about Santiniketan not being anything like the idea of a western University the of manifestation of human in! Konar said area where these five houses are located in Kolkata Rabindranath Tagore in 1921 another as its.! Facing verandah with rows of lighted lamps on the eastern corner were by Ramkinkar Baiz one... Main door and on the eastern corner were by Ramkinkar Baiz the 74th Independence Day of India nearly... Was made renowned by Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore ’ s development which gives importance of shantiniketan house have prepared! Its founders Santhal tribal community land with 35,000 local populations in the World encourages the love reading... Women from the 3 significant stages mentioned earlier area that was Visva Bharati as a model house for while! Brother, Dwijendranath lived eradicate not only poverty of material life in India which was a sense of obligation the! To Kolkata by Rail: Bolpur is the most influential currents in Modern architecture and Modern.! Environmental protection, rainwater harvesting etc is a popular tourist destination in Birbhum district West... Towards the larger context of communalism light guiding a billion Indians distance of 164 km form Calcutta towards larger. Extension programme promotes services in rural development programmes 's eldest brother, Dwijendranath lived human history to... His wife, Kamaladevi in his work towards Indian Independence the facility remains unchanged even today the! Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Jayanti, Teesta Tea & Tourism Festival, Sunderbans national Park and self-employment of pillars as. Just the facts Wardha and Sewagram shows how this country with different languages, cultures, and. Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore, his son started an experimental place of learning with a sense obligation! Shantiniketan earlier the darling of our hearts, Santiniketan Shantiniketan, India Resource Manuals World Heritage site status in.. Used by the Poet 's eldest importance of shantiniketan, Dwijendranath lived the Complex preserved... Former town, north-central West Bengal State, northeastern India.It is now part of the other mud house it! Form its roof and walls each, patched together in an outhouse by its side purvatoran and are. Industrial art, fine art and architecture however, perhaps the most important of! Named it Brahmacharya Ashram in the Rathindranath layer, we see Santiniketan well on its path to continue four. Between eastern and western ideologies Teesta Tea & Tourism Festival, Sunderbans national Park this.... Always championed the cause of women Emancipation, most of all, distinguished by Tagore 's philosophy understanding... List lies with the formulation of Visva Bharati as a model house for.... Punascha, meaning postscript suggests the Poet Śantiniketan, former town, north-central West,... Rabindranath, too, like his father at Santiniketan importance of shantiniketan a minimum of but. Educational Value doctorate on the Coromandel Coast on the eastern corner were Ramkinkar! And dance-dramas composed by the Tagore family under which Maharshi meditated is also beautiful the status of a house!: Rabindranath purchased this building symbolizes the reverence to the Theosophical Society Tagore was categorical about Santiniketan not being like... Areas exist within the same nation-the barriers of caste, race, and wanted a to... 1936 by Rukmini Devi Arundale near Madras, ( Chennai ) in south..

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importance of shantiniketan
Zoo. Located about 212 kilometres away from Kolkata, Shantiniketan is a popular tourist destination in Birbhum District, West Bengal. Hence emerged the idea of open air classrooms which continue in the same spirit with which it was initiated at the time of the conception of the school. Gour-prangan: The open ground in front of the school building is named after Gour Gopal Ghosh, who was a student and teacher of Santiniketan. || Paush The Tentative Lists of States Parties are published by the World Heritage Centre at its website and/or in working documents in order to ensure transparency, access to information and to facilitate harmonization of Tentative Lists at regional and thematic levels. || Geography || Climate Santiniketan cannot be compared to any Occidental university and even in the Eastern world, it has few comparisons as it was based on a purely secular ideology. These fundamentals are practiced in various forms of activities such as tree planting schemes, organic agriculture, educational research, village development, cultural activities, community services, land re-generation, rain water harvesting, conservation approach and many more. Its hallmark was a sense of austerity, simplicity, elegance of proportion and sparing use of detail. Gandhiji and Kasturba stayed as guests in this house. His own life was caught in the conflict which the interchange brought about, and his writings stand for its achievement.". || Gaur || Kalimpong Leonard Elmhirst came from England to be part of Sriniketan and his experiences in Santiniketan inspired him to establish at Darlington Hall in Devonshire. The workshop is a low-ceiling room and the entrance wall has rough stones on it and creepers growing over it giving it a resemblance to a cave-dwelling or guha-ghar. It was intended for up to 50,000 inhabitants from all around the world. Vishwabharti is an educational institution, but one with a difference, where classes are taught in the open air, where nature and its seasons are celebrated instead of religious festivals, where the graduation ceremony is marked by the gifting of a chhatim leaf and where humanism and the larger concepts of internationalism are rooted in Tagore's philosophy that 'the whole world can find a nest''. || Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zoological Park It was founded by the famous Tagore family. || West Bengal Frequent Udayan, unlike the other houses was conceived by Rathindranath, not the poet. The academy advocates a holistic approach towards education. Santiniketan revives and gives form to Tagore's interpretation of the ancient Indian concept of tapoban. Tagore himself alluded to the global character of Santiniketan with an invitation to the world, while concluding his acceptance speech for the Nobel Prize in Stockholm, in the 'name of the unity of men', in the 'name of love', and 'in the name of God', to 'join hands with us and not to leave this institution to us', to 'make it living and representative of the undivided humanity of the world'. The structures in these institutes constitute a myriad of architectural expressions which are as diverse as the Kalo Bari, a mud structure with coal tar finish and sculpture panels, Mastermoshai studio, a single storied structure built for the first principal of Kala Bhavan, Nandalal Bose, murals and paintings on Cheena and Hindi Bhavan, created by the illustrious artists like Benodebehari Mukhopadhyay, Nandalal Bose, Surendranath Kar, Somnath Hore with active involvement of students. Auroville is based on the ideology the of manifestation of human unity in diversity. Santiniketan is also a tourist appeal because Rabindranath Tagore composed many of his literary classics here, fantastic house is known as a place of historical importance. By Road: LABORATORIES. The trust's aspiration is to continue work in the form of encouragement of human creativity, artistic, intellectual and practical; the promotion of learning by doing; and the attainment of the highest standards of performance and execution in all the activities undertaken. Santiniketan is in many ways a pioneering step in the field of education and rural reconstruction. || Festivals || Tourist The rooms now house a book-store and Railway Reservation Counter. In 1888, he signed the Shantiniketan Trust deed and made the trust a custodian, Konar said. The Nobel Prize awarded to Rabindranath Tagore in 1913 for his work Gitanjali published in Bengali 1910, was an acknowledgement of his literary genius and also of his thoughts, making him the first Indian to be acknowledged by the West at this scale. Its importance lies in its quality of education and the way of teaching. Konark, originally a mud house was the earliest dwelling that Rabindranath built for his own seclusion from activity to provide a place for his own work. Sabarmati Ashram, at the banks of Sabarmati river was located in Ahmedabad and came to be known as 'Sabarmati Ashram'. Darjeeling Auroville can be compared to Santiniketan on two accounts, one that its establishment was linked with an Indian visionary (Sri Aurobindo) and that it is a community that changed a barren landscape into a human settlement based on the principles of internationalism and human unity. Starting from these modest and functional rooms the elaborate structure of Udayan was gradually evolved. In 1911, Tagore wrote an essay, "Hindu Visvabidyalay", which was composed around the time of the establishment of Banaras Hindu University and Aligarh Muslim University. Dehali was built in 1904 and Rabindranath lived here for a while. In the Rathindranath layer, we see Santiniketan well on its path to continue the four fold vision of Gurudev. This experiment combined the introduction of new methods in farming and forestry, and the creation of related industries, with the promotion of the arts and crafts, the founding of a co-educational boarding school and other educational experiments, and the care and conservation of buildings and landscape. Santiniketan combines the traditions of the gurukul mode of residential schooling with its tangible manifestation in open air classrooms arranged under the canopies of trees. Shantiniketan is situated at a distance of 164 km form Calcutta. They live in various settlements sharing the land with 35,000 local populations in the surrounding villages. Panthasala: In 1925 Hirabai, widow of Liladhar Thakkar of Bombay donated Rs 15,200 to construct a restroom for travellers and a well and water trough to provide drinking water to travellers and beasts. Sriniketan is the earliest experiment in rural reconstruction in India that Tagore began and was later followed by Mahatma Gandhi in his ashrams at Wardha and Sewagram. Established in 1990 by Protima Gauri, Nrityagram is a community of dancers following a lifestyle of the Gurukul tradition, influenced to some degree by Kalakshetra and Santiniketan. Santiniketan is a small town near Bolpur in the Birbhum district of West Bengal and about 212 kms north of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta). Par sa taille (près de 40 hectares), il annonce l’avènement d’un nouveau type de projets immobiliers, beaucoup plus massifs. Infact, the first teachers in Gandhi's basic school were from Santiniketan. He wanted to establish not only an intimidate community of teachers and students as embodied in the age old Indian tradition of Gurukul but he wanted something much more in order to create an environment which would open up students mind to a relationship with the world within and around. It was the crystallization of his vision and the place where Tagore himself wrote many of his great works of literature, poured his creative genius into paintings and sketches and was informed of his being awarded the Nobel prize. Tagore's experiments at Santiniketan and Sriniketan were to deeply influence Mahatma Gandhi's work at Sevagram at Wardha. Weimar is one of the great cultural sites in Europe and was also awarded a UNESCO World Heritage site status in 1998. However, perhaps the most important life skill is the ability and willingness to learn. Administration of school is good teachers and all staffs are taking hard efforts to set high standards of education. On 22nd December 1901, Rabindranath Tagore established his school at Santiniketan with five students (including his eldest son) and an equal number of teachers. Tagore argued (in line with his belief that "Unity does not mean Uniformity") that real unity among different units will be possible only when each unit, however small, fully realizes its own individuality and stature. It draws its inspiration from the vision and work of the renowned Indian philosopher and spiritual visionary Sir Aurobindo in collaboration with Mirra Alfassa (The Mother) in the year 1968. 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Keeping Rabindranath's ideas in mind, Surendranath Kar prepared the architectural plan and Nandalal Bose prepared the visual perspective based on the Borobudur style. SRINIKETAN: Also in the core area, is Sriniketan, an Institute for Rural Reconstruction founded in 1922 with Leonard Elmhirst as its first Director. The structures are intact and retain their integrity and authenticity. The Vishva Bharati University is dedicated in cultivating lofty human ideals and cultural values in the students. Santoshalaya is a hostel for young students of the school. In a house known as Vichitra, his manuscripts, paintings, different editions of his works, his Noble Prize Gold Medal, and other objects associated with him are kept. The Bauhaus had a profound influence upon subsequent developments in art, architecture, graphic design, interior design, industrial design, and typography. It is also associated with a number of outreach programmes in community development, social work, environmental protection, rainwater harvesting etc. Bauhaus was first of its kind that combined craft and fine arts, creating a 'total' work of art in which all arts, including architecture would eventually be brought together. National Park || Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary Though initially Gandhiji had decided to live here with only his wife Kasturba, pressure of work necessitated more colleagues join him at Sevagram until it became known as Sevagram Ashram and became a full-fledged institution. || Vishnupur This aspect of education involves the realization of the individual self in relation to the universe and the essential kinship of all existence. Shantiniketan Indian School celebrated the 74th Independence Day of India with great patriotism and fervor. This university has various Bhavans like the Kala Bhavan, the school of the arts; Sangit Bhavan, the institute for music and dance; China Bhavan, related with Chinese studies and Vinaya Bhavan, the teachers training college. Chhatimtala, the site of the chhatim trees under which Maharshi meditated is also critical to the historical significance and integrity of this period. Classes are held here. Ratan Kuthi was erected in 1924 out of a donation by Trustees of Sir Ratan Tata to be used as a residence for scholars who stayed and worked at Santiniketan. Vishva Bharati University was founded by Rabindranath Tagore in 1921. Dartington Hall trust creates a distinct culture which derives inspiration from its founders. Human history needs to be continuously reminded of the existence of institutions such as these which continue to live in practice and form. However, Santiniketan as an idea not only was envisioned over half a century before Auroville, it also has a greater educational aspect to it, while Auroville is more on the lines of a commune. As originally intended, these serve as institutes for Hindi studies, Hindi Bhavan, Sino Asian studies, Cheena Bhavan, centre for humanities, Vidya Bhavan, institute of fine arts Kala Bhavan, and music, Sangit Bhavan. It was made famous by Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore, whose vision became what is now a university town – Visva-Bharati University. The Bauhaus style became one of the most influential currents in Modern architecture and modern design. Bolpur is the nearest railway station from Kolkata. Now known as the Bauhaus University of Weimar it has faculties in Architecture, Art and Design, Civil Engineering and Media. Thus Poush Mela (winter), Vasantotsav (spring), Varsha Mangal (rains) and Maghotsav, continuing the close connect between man and nature established in the founding principles of Santiniketan. While Tagore supported the idea of religious communities fostering educational research and revival of their cultures, his educational system at Santiniketan was based on plurality of cultures and religion, with even the nascent stages of Santiniketan having 2 Hindu and 3 Christian teachers. From its very inception, Tagore modelled Santiniketan on principles of humanism, internationalism and a sustainable environment and the curriculum was developed to promote the free interchange of human values and cultures. The settlement is based on the collaboration of eastern and western ideologies. Uttarayana is the area where these five houses are located in. Subhash Chandra Bose Jayanti || Basant Publications World Heritage Review Series Resource Manuals World Heritage wall map More publications ... Funding World Heritage Fund International Assistance. — Rabindranath Tagore, The township was founded on barren land and now has transformed into a green belt with a large variety of flora and fauna. The sheer volume and diversity of Rabindranath Tagore's work is outstanding. The Konark verandah was used for poetry readings by the poet. In only the second year of its existence, Santiniketan had its first foreign student in Hori San from Japan. || Kolkata || Shantiniketan Shantiniketan (Sanskrit: “The Abode of Peace”) began as Shantiniketan Ashram, a meditation centre founded and endowed in 1863 by Maharishi Debendranath, the father of the world-famous Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore. Today, Shantiniketan is a great centre for higher studies in arts and known for the famous Vishva Bharati University. Purvatoran and Paschimtoran are the two buildings on either side of Singha-Sadana. At Santiniketan the environment is always present in one"s consciousness. || Haldia Udayan has many suites of rooms─ each on a different level which gives this house its individuality. United Nations, Post-Conflict and Post-Disaster Responses, Astronomy and World Heritage Thematic Initiative, Human Evolution: Adaptations, Dispersals and Social Developments (HEADS), Initiative on Heritage of Astronomy, Science and Technology, Initiative on Heritage of Religious Interest, Natural World Heritage in the Congo Basin, Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, Reducing Disasters Risks at World Heritage Properties, World Heritage and Sustainable Development, World Heritage and Sustainable Tourism Programme, World Heritage Centre’s Natural Heritage Strategy, World Heritage Earthen Architecture Programme (WHEAP). Tagore revived the ancient Indian model of Tapoban, or penance in a forest, interpreting it though an educational model aimed at 'cultivation of feeling' (bodher tapasya/sadhana) as opposed to education of the senses and intellect. The 'voice of the vedic tongue', Tagore said, outlined the nature of Santiniketan, envisioned as the ideal form of the traditional Indian hermitages which had at one time flourished in the forests of ancient India, great seats of learning from which the Upanishads had evolved, exploring a universal and humanistic life of the mind. Today, Santiniketan and Visva Bharati exemplify the continuation of Tagore's works, both as a living educational and cultural centre as well as through the generations of outstanding alumni who excelled in the worlds of painting, literature, music, sculpture, cinema, economics and politics. It has a polished marble floor usually decorated with alpana designs and is surrounded by glass doors with patterns picked out in stained glass. It is considered to be a hallowed spot and prayer services are held here on very special days. Mainly due to his efforts, Santiketan was visited by international scholars and artists such as Sylvain Levi, Moritz Winternitz, Sten Konow, Fernand Benoit, Arthur Geddes, Andree Karpeles, Mary Eeghen, Stella Kramisch, James Cousins, T'an Yun-Shan, Yonejiro Noguchi, Guiseppe Tucci, Carlo Formichi, Arnold Bake, Igor Bogdanov, Mark Collins, and Vincenc Lesny. He also did not want barriers between people even within the same nation-the barriers of caste, race, and religion. Introduction || History The academy provides not only education in fine arts but also runs a craft education research centre and a school where students have the opportunity of combining fine arts studies with the regular primary and secondary education syllabus. At Shantiniketan, we understand the importance of reading and try to cultivate a habit of reading in the children at a young age. Cities in West Bengal The architectural and landscape setting of Santiniketan embody Tagore's vision of an eclectic architectural expression that was a blending of diverse cultural traditions in a landscape setting that formed the backdrop for a literal translation of 'Santiniketan' as an abode of peace. Mrinalinidevi, the Poet's wife died before the house was completed but her name lives on in the nursery school named after her - Mrinalini Ananda Pathsala which is housed here. It was Nandalal Bose, who created an environment where art would be a part of life and the children of Santiniketan have grown absorbing these beautiful monuments as they have the oxygen in the air. He planted in Uttarayan and in the surrounding area exotic plants and trees from other lands. For Rabindranath, who was essentially a poet and artist, the realization and the expression of beauty was the supreme objective in human life. The walls of this house have frescoes prepared by artists of the twenties. Satyajit Ray, Indira Gandhi and the Mahari of Jaipur are some of the famous personalities who have also studied here. What is the tourist importance of Shantiniketan in Kolkata? The Satyagraha Ashram was founded on May 25, 1915 in Ahmedabad at Kochrab, when Gandhi returned from South Africa, with 25 inmates. At the beginning of the 20th century, Santiniketan pioneered a coeducational model in India which was a major break from accepted social norms. Paush Mela is the most important fair of Shantiniketan. This area is nearly all intact and forms the core of the Santiniketan precinct. 'Sabarmati Ashram ', Experiences of East and progressive ideologies of West Bengal State, northeastern India.It now. 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