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lake balaton wikipedia

lake balaton wikipedia

[54][45], Tolbukhin's plan was to initially slow down the German advance to rob their offensive of momentum, then begin grinding down the attacking armies, then initiate the planned Soviet offensive to finish off the remaining German forces. Wedlug Wikipedii jeden z dwoch wciaz latajacych Il-2. white, new, 39th Tank Brigade (T-34/85, markings: Г -in diamond- and xx, e.g. [69], The last major German offensive on the Eastern Front of World War II, Interrupted Soviet offensive preparations, Units involved in Offensive (March 6–15, 1945). IL-2m3, 639th Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik), e.g. Artillery Regiment (SU-100, markings: C-xx, e.g. 46° 45' to 47° 5' N., and from long. During a Situation Conference on January 7, 1945 at which both Hermann Göring and OB West Field Marshal Gerd von Rundstedt were present, Hitler proposed his intention of pulling the 6th SS Panzer Army to form a reserve due to severe Allied air attacks. Artillery Regiment (ISU-122), 366th Guards Heavy Self-prop. Artillery Battalion (SU-76M), 310th Separate Self-prop. Artillery (Jagdpanzer 38(t) Hetzer, e.g. Artillery Regiment (SU-100, markings: 4xx), 1953rd Self-prop. Balaton is the biggest lake in Hungary. Wendy P Klein, age 37, Balaton, MN 56115 View Full Report. 989th Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik) - 1 long, 2 short diagonal tail stripes, e.g. [57] The 26th Army's Corps' would be layered in two belts whose defensive preparations had originally begun back on February 11,[57] prior to any sign of German offensive intentions. A, -D, Pz.IV Ausf. Somogy County lies in south-western Hungary, on the border with Croatia (Koprivnica-Križevci County and Virovitica-Podravina County).It stretches between the river Dráva and the southern shore of Lake Balaton.It shares borders with the Hungarian counties of Zala, Veszprém, Fejér, Tolna, and Baranya.It is the most sparsely populated county in Hungary. [49] On March 5, the 6th SS Panzer Army took over command of the Hungarian II Corps, along with its 20th Hungarian Division and 9th replacement Division, hereby becoming responsible for the northern shore of Lake Balaton. SS-Pz.Rgt 5 (Panther Ausf. Balaton is the biggest lake by surface area in Central Europe and gives its name to this entire Hungarian Lake Balaton region. [16] The deadline of January 30 proved impossible for refitting to be completed. We have reviews of the best places to see in Lake Balaton. These are the main units that were a part of the Army Groups/Front which saw combat in Operation Spring Awakening. The Last Attack: Sixth SS Panzer Army and the defense of Hungary and Austria in 1945. 17° 14' to 18° 10' E.; area about 400 square miles, including the marshy shores.It receives the waters of more than 30 small streams. Its wonderful world of birds was already famous in the last century; and has survived despite the draining of the marsh started in 1922. 1 Hévíz–Balaton Airport (SOB IATA), Repülőtér 1, Sármellék (South-west end of the lake is about 20 minutes' drive from Keszthely. [47] During the first days of March, alarming reports about road and terrain conditions due to the spring thaw flooded Army Group South Headquarters. [52] However, from February 17 to 18, the 2nd Ukrainian Front noticed the 1st SS Panzer division Leibstandarte and the 12th SS Panzer division Hitlerjugend fighting at the Garam River (S:Hron) during the German Operation Southwind. [40] Other units from other armies were also sent to the Hungarian theater, for example the 16th SS Panzer Grenadier Division Reichsführer-SS who was brought up from Italy through the Brenner straight and sent to the 2nd Panzer Army. [29], Four plans for Operation Süd were produced by high-ranking officials from Army Group South, the 6th SS Panzer Army, and the 6th Army: “Lösung A” by Fritz Krämer of the 6th SS Panzer Army; “Lösung B” and “Lösung C2” by Helmuth Von Grolman of Army Group South; and “Lösung C1” by Heinrich Gaedcke of the 6th Army, with much fighting and bickering as to which plan should be implemented. It is now a lost film. white. [55] The 3rd Ukrainian Front worked on digging in, creating extensive trench networks ideal for anti-tank defenses, along with defensive earthworks for the artillery and infantry. [29] The main objectives of the operation were as follows: 1) the security of vital raw materials such as oil, bauxite, and manganese for iron, 2) arable land for food and crops, the Austrian military industrial complex, and the city of Vienna, 3) to stop the Soviet Advance. Lake Hévíz is located in Hévíz, Hungary, near the western end of Lake Balaton, 8 kilometres (5 mi) from Keszthely.. IL-2m3. white, 1896th Self-prop. The 57th Army's one Guards Rifle and one Rifle Corps were spread along a 60 km front and 10–15 km deep; the Army would receive another Rifle Corps during the fighting. PeKo Publishing. [29] The operation was considered to be a success if 1) Operation Konrad III could pin the Soviets between the Vértes mountains and the Danube, 2) the 8th Army could secure its Front in Northern Hungary, 3) if the incoming panzer armies could be refitted during transit to create the advantage of surprise. Järven pituus on 77 ja leveys 14 kilometriä. Many German units were involved, including the 6th Panzer Army and its subordinate Waffen-SS divisions after being withdrawn from the failed Ardennes Offensive on the Western Front. The Kis Balaton, as a huge wetland habitat is unique in the whole of Europe, which is why it has always been recorded by international nature conservation. [24], On January 27, Heinz Guderian was tasked by Hitler to stop the 3rd Ukrainian Front in the vicinity on the Margit-Line in order to protect the vital oil fields. This article has been rated as start-Class. [15] Hitler ordered OB West Field Marshal Gerd Von Rundstedt to withdraw the following units from active combat in the Battle of the Bulge: I SS Panzer Coprs with 1st SS Panzer Division Leibstandarte and 12th SS Panzer Division Hitlerjugend, along with II SS Panzer Corps with 2nd SS Panzer Division Das Reich and 9th SS Panzer Division Hohenstaufen. Páncélosok a Dunantulon - Az Utolsó Páncélosütközetek Magyarországon 1945 Tavaszán. Soviet counter-offensive (16 March–15 April 1945): Operation Spring Awakening (German: Unternehmen Frühlingserwachen) was the last major German offensive of World War II. The Balaton Uplands National Park is located about 40 km from Zalaegerszeg, to the north of Lake Balaton, the largest (more than 70 km long) freshwater lake of Central Europe. BALATON, bŏ'lŏ-tōn, or PLATTENSEE, a lake in the southwest of Hungary, 55 miles southwest of Budapest, extending from lat. Army Group E met fierce resistance from the Bulgarian First Army and Josip Broz Tito's Yugoslavian partisan army, and failed to reach its objective of Mohács. Many were abandoned due to a lack of fuel. The operation, initially planned for March 5, began after German units were moved in great secrecy around Lake Balaton (German: Plattensee) to secure the last significant oil reserves still available to the Axis powers and prevent the Red Army from advancing towards Vienna. The 6th Panzer Army and the 6th Army had only 332 tanks operational of the original approximately 1,000 operational at the start of the offensive. Aleksei Maksim; Isaev Kolomiets (2014). [38] The offensive would consist of four forces, three were to be attack forces while one was to be a defense force. [30] Army Group South commander Otto Wöhler chose “Lösung B”. Budapest: PeKo Publishing. On February 17 of 1945, the Soviet High Command (Stavka) instructed the 2nd and 3rd Ukrainian Fronts to prepare for an offensive towards Vienna which would begin on March 15. [41] Some units necessary for the major offensive did not arrive in Hungary until just a few days before its start, the last being the 9th SS Panzer Division Hohenstaufen arriving in Győr at the beginning of March. A separate Hungarian-language version The Verdict of Lake Balaton was also made, directed by Paul Fejos. Army Group E - subordinate to Army Group F until March 25, 1945, On the 6 March 1945, the German 6th Army, joined by the 6th SS Panzer Army launched a pincer movement north and south of Lake Balaton. Artillery Regiment (SU-76M), 1201st Self-prop. On January 12, Hitler received confirmation that the Soviet Red Army had begun a massive winter offensive through Poland named the Vistula-Oder Offensive. [27], However, the main reason for sending the 6th SS Panzer Army south into Hungary can be understood through the list of main strategic points listed in a Situation in the East conference held on January 23: 1) The Hungarian oil region and Vienna oil region which made up 80% of reserves, without which the war effort could not be continued, 2) the Danzig estuary vital for U-boat operations and Upper Silesian industrial region for the war economy and coal production. red, 1016th Self-prop. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Balaton is the biggest lake in Hungary. [18] Before the end of the 4th day, the Germans had recaptured 400 square kilometers of territory, an achievement comparable to the initial German gains during the Ardennes Offensive and the Western Front in December 1944. Webb, William (2017). Horváth, Gábor (2013). Pz.Art.Rgt 75 (Pz.Beob.Wg. The 2nd Panzer Army did not advance as far on the southern side of Lake Balaton as the 6th SS Panzer Army had on the northern side. [50], The 6th Panzer Army was responsible for the primary thrust of the offensive, “Frühlingserwachen”. Between 16 and 25 March, the Hungarian Third Army had been destroyed about 40 kilometres (25 mi) west of Budapest by the Soviet 46th Army which was driving towards Bratislava and the Vienna area. On average for every kilometer of Front, 700+ anti-tank and 600+ anti-infantry mines were placed, with these numbers rising to 2,700 and 2,900 respectively in the 26th Army's sector. For instance, only 1/3 of the 6th SS Panzer Army's staff were actually from the Waffen-SS.[39]. SS-Pz.Rgt 2 (Panther Ausf. Adolf Hitler was the Commander-in-chief of OKH, while also being the supreme commander of OKW. Visit … From Mapcarta, the free map. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Lake Balaton has been listed as a level-5 vital article in an unknown topic. Artillery Regiment (SU-76M). (Pz)/SG 2), JGr.101 - Royal Hungarian Air Force (Bf 109G, Fi 156), 102 - Royal Hungarian Air Force (Fw 190F), 1951st Self-prop. Artillery Regiment (SU-100), 1443rd Self-prop. When this news reached Hitler, he immediately began to plan a major offensive on this Front. A forest and conservation region lies to the west of the village, local hills are to the east and Lake Balaton a short way to the north. Artillery Regiment (ISU-152, captured Hummels, e.g. By 15 April, the remnants of the 6th SS Panzer Army were north of Vienna, facing the Soviet 9th Guards and 46th Armies. Balaton A freshwater lake in Hungary, the largest lake in Central Europe, and one of the region's foremost tourist destinations. 951st Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik) - White diagonal tail-cap with 1 short diagonal stripe, e.g. Thus beginning on February 17, Operation Southwind began the effort to secure the Garam bridgehead from the 2nd Ukrainian Front, and by February 24 the task was successfully achieved, proving to be the very last successful German offensive of the war. The Soviet's Vienna Offensive ended with the fall of the city on 13 April. By mid-February, the Soviet bridgehead across the Garam River (Hron) north of Esztergom was identified as a threat. Moscow: Helion & Company. [15] These units were to be refitted by January 30 and attached to the 6th Panzer Army under the command of Sepp Dietrich for the upcoming Operation Spring Awakening. The operation was referred to in Germany as the Plattensee Offensive and in the Soviet Union as the Balaton Defensive Operation. [55] Other minor differences included the lack or limited use of barbed wire installations, anti-tank obstacles, and bunkers,[55] although the 4th Guards Army command did suggest to place the burnt out wrecks of 38 previously destroyed German tanks into advantageous positions; it is unclear how many were actually set up. [23] The slow withdrawal was greatly hampered by Allied air superiority. Balaton may also refer to: . [43], Prior to these measures, on January 30, 1st SS Panzer Division Leibstandarte was ordered to follow many of the same secrecy measures, including the temporary removal of their cuff titles.[44]. 715th Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik) - 1 long, 1 short diagonal tail stripe, e.g. By the 14 March, Operation Spring Awakening was at risk of failure. [29] The following day, January 28, this operation received its preliminary name, Operation Süd (G:South). If you can improve it, please do. red, 181st Tank Brigade (T-34/85, markings: 6xx, e.g. Cholnoky Jenő: A Balaton jege (1907), A Balaton hidrológiája (1918) Martonné Erdős Katalin: Magyarország természeti földrajza I. Tomb of the Panzerwaffe The Defeat of the 6th SS Panzer Army in Hungary 1945. "[73] As a mark of disgrace, the Waffen-SS units involved in the battle were ordered to remove their cuff titles. red. OKW (Oberkommando der Wehrmacht) was the overarching military command for the German army in WW2, while the OKH (Oberkommando des Heeres) was officially a high command operating under OKW. On March 3, the 6th SS Panzer Army suggested that a naval assault across Lake Balaton itself could be implemented to help the 1st Cavalry Corps on the southeastern edge, but this turned out to be impossible as the spring storms had blown the pack ice against the southern shore. After reaching the Danube, one part of the army would turn north creating a northern spearhead and move along the Danube River to retake Budapest, which had been captured on 13 February 1945. The flow of water is very strong and the water in the lake is completely replenished every 72 hours. red, 1004th Self-Prop. Lake Balaton (German: Plattensee) is a freshwater lake in the Transdanubian region of Hungary.It is the largest lake in Central Europe, and one of the region's foremost tourist destinations. I, III./SG 2 (Fw 190F, Ju 87G - 10. [20] This area had the Margit Line running right through it, and would see more fighting in the upcoming Operation Spring Awakening. Balatonin eteläranta on tasaista ja matalaa, toisin kuin pohjoisranta, joka on vuorista (Bakonyn kukkulamaasto). On February 28, the start date for Operation Spring Awakening was finally moved back to March 6, though many commanders felt that a greater delay was necessary. [23] Knowing that German Panzer divisions were not created for defensive purposes, the Soviet Fronts in Hungary became suspicious of the enemy's intentions. [17], On 16 March, the Soviets forces counterattacked in strength. [68] The attack was spearheaded by the 6th SS Panzer Army and included elite units such as the LSSAH division. white, Separate Recce. Artillery Regiment (SU-100), 1011th Self-Prop. IL-2m3, 165th Guards Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik), 166th Guards Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik), 167th Guards Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik), 56th Fighter Air Regiment (La-5F, La-5FN), 530th Fighter Air Regiment (La-5F, La-5FN), 848th Fighter Air Regiment (La-5F, La-5FN), 267th Fighter Air Regiment (Yak-1b,-3,-9), 117th Guards Fighter Air Regiment (Yak-1b,-9), 168th Guards Fighter Air Regiment (Yak-1b,-9), 611th Fighter Air Regiment (Yak-1b,-3,-9D,DD,M) - White diagonal tail stripe with a wide bar on the rudder, 659th Fighter Air Regiment (Yak-3, -9D,DD,M,T) - Long white arrow on fuselage, 897th Fighter Air Regiment (Yak-1b,-3,-9D,DD,M,T), 31st Fighter Air Regiment (La-5F, La-5FN,-7FN) - Lightning bolt on fuselage, diagonal tail stripe, 116th Fighter Air Regiment (La-5F, La-5FN) - Lightning bolt on fuselage, diagonal tail stripes, 164th Fighter Air Regiment (La-5F, La-5FN) - Lightning bolt on fuselage, diagonal tail stripes, 244th Bomber Air Division (Douglas A-20 Boston), 260th Bomber Air Regiment (A-20B,C,G,J, UA-20C Boston) - Lightning emblem on the nose, 449th Bomber Air Regiment (A-20B,C,G UA-20C Boston) - Bomb dropping seagull emblem on the nose, 861st Bomber Air Regiment (A-20B,C,G,J UA-20C Boston), 97th Guards Night Bomber Air Regiment (Po-2), 39th Separate Air Reconnaissance Regiment (Pe-2R, Yak-9D,M,R), 130th Guards Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik), 131st Guards Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik), 187th Guards Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik), 188th Guards Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik), 190th Guards Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik), 235st Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik) - white tail cap, 451st Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik), 31st Guards Fighter Air Regiment (Yak-1b, -9), 73rd Guards Fighter Air Regiment (Yak-1b, -9), 85th Guards Fighter Air Regiment (Yak-1b, -9), 48th Bomber Air Regiment (A-20G Boston) - red tail cap, 452nd Bomber Air Regiment (A-20G Boston) - white tail cap, 453rd Bomber Air Regiment (A-20G Boston) - dark blue tail cap, 14th Guards Bomber Air Regiment (B-25D,J Mitchell), 238th Guards Bomber Air Regiment (B-25D,J Mitchell), 251st Guards Bomber Air Regiment (B-25D,J Mitchell), 53rd Bomber Air Division (Li-2 cargo planes, etc. Plattensee) on Unkarin ja koko Keski-Euroopan suurin järvi pinta-alaltaan (598 km²). 1202nd Self-prop. Artillery Regiment (SU-100), 1821st Self-prop. [48] Despite the start of the operation being so close, some additional plans were thought up to help the sluggish assembly speeds of incoming units. Badacsony, basalt-covered residual butte, 1,437 feet (438 metres) in elevation, on the north bank of Lake Balaton in the Balaton Highlands of western Hungary. The Das Reich Division had 27 Panthers, 22 Panzer IVs, 28 Jagdpanzers and 26 Sturmgeschützes on hand (the number of those under repair is not available). [24] A glimpse of the ensuing verbal exchange during this argument was captured in Alfred Jodl's (OKW) post-war interrogation where he states Hitler said: "You want to attack without oil- good, we'll see what happens when you attempt that". There are many places to be visited. Bostonok a Magyar Égen és Földben 1944–1945. Számvéber, Norbert (2017). H). [36], For Operation Spring Awakening, the area for the new offensive was set on the borderline between OKW (Army Group F) and OKH (Army Group South), and this would cause troubles. Approaching and encircling the Austrian capital were the Soviet 4th and 6th Guards Tank, 9th Guards, and 46th Armies.[70]. [70] The overwhelming numerical superiority of the Red Army made any defense impossible, but Hitler believed victory was attainable. This is an example of a de-centralized command. Artillery Battalion (SU-76M), 44th Guards Self-prop. [61] A prime example of the scale of defensive installments can be seen in the 26th Army's 135th Rifle Corps. The north part of Balaton is deeper than the south part. Somogy County. Artillery Regiment (SU-100), 1453rd Self-prop. Wikipedia: Instance of: conflict: Part of: World War II: Location: Lake Balaton : Point in time: 15 April 1945: Start time: 6 March 1945: End time: 16 March 1945: 46° 58′ 48″ N, 18° 21′ 00″ E Este cel mai mare lac din Europa Centrală și una dintre cele mai importante destinații turistice din regiune. Heeresgruppe Süd lost 15,117 casualties in the first eight days of the offensive. Dietrich did not relay the order to his troops. SS-Pz.Rgt 3 (Panther Ausf. Lac lake Balaton Hongrie Hungary Siofolk photo picture image (9643295341).jpg 5,572 × 3,715; 9.67 MB Modern architecture on lake Balaton.JPG 2,580 × 1,720; 980 KB Monotype XV on Lake Balaton, Hungary.jpg 2,521 × 1,681; 1.52 MB The Germans were driven back to the positions they had held before Operation Spring Awakening began. It was a failure for Nazi Germany. Lake Balaton, largest lake of central Europe, located in central Hungary about 50 miles (80 km) southwest of Budapest. Company (T48/SU-57, e.g. On 19 March, the Red Army recaptured the last territories lost during the 13‑day Axis offensive. On the 15 March, strength returns on this day show the Hohenstaufen with 35 Panther tanks, 20 Panzer IVs, 32 Jagdpanzers, 25 Sturmgeschützes and 220 other self-propelled weapons and armoured cars. [61] Each anti-tank position had 8-16 artillery guns and a similar number of anti-tank guns. The Balaton was popular during the Cold War with both Easterners and Westerners because it was cheap and relatively easy to reach from both sides of the Iron Curtain. When withdrawing from the Western Front, elements of the III. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts.A copy of the license is included in the section entitled GNU Free Documentation License. [55] The defensive strategy of the 3rd Ukrainian Front was one of anti-tank defense as this was what the Germans were going to use. G, Pz.IV, Tiger I.). For example: ISU-122S, 78th Separate Mechanized Motorcycle Battalion (T-34, motorcycles), 1438th Self-prop. The butte bears witness to the original level of the basalt layer that formed at the end of the Pliocene Epoch (i.e., about 5.3 to 2.6 [37] The chosen course of action on February 25, "Lösung C2", favored the quicker and farther-reaching joint operation of the 2nd Panzer Army and 6th SS Panzer Army, while "Lösung B" opted to first secure the left flank of the main thrust "Frühlingserwachen" (between Lake Velence and the Danube) before moving south toward the 2nd Panzer army. It was a failure for Nazi Germany. This page was last changed on 29 December 2019, at 22:17. J, StuG III.). white, 19th Guards Tank Regiment (M4A2(76)W Sherman, markings: '2xx', e.g. Art. By January 21, only 5 days into Operation Konrad III, the Germans had taken the towns of Dunapentle and Adony which reside on the Western shore of the Danube. white, 11th Guards Separate Motorcycle Battalion, 864th Self-prop. [53] This plan, along with the strategic deployment of the Soviet forces, was quite similar to that of the Battle of Kursk, although it utilized experiences learned in 1943. IL-2m3, S/N: 1889403. U.S.A. 4021593 and Harley-Davidson 42WLA motorcycle, e.g. By February 7, on orders of Hitler, strict secrecy rulings were put into place: death penalty for command infractions, license plates were to be covered, insignia on vehicles and uniforms to be covered, no reconnaissance in forward combat areas, unit movements only by night or overcast conditions, no radio traffic, and the units were not to appear on situation maps. This sudden and savage push caused the Soviet command to actually contemplate an evacuation to the opposite shore. Wöhler wanted to use the 1st Cavalry Corps on the eastern shore of Lake Balaton, as German intelligence reported that "the enemy is still the weakest between Lake Balaton and the Sárviz Channel". It was not uncommon for the Soviets to actually search out and exploit the boundaries between the OKW and OKH as they knew these areas would suffer from poorer military command;[62] the advance to Budapest is an example.[36]. IL-2m3. : 74566), 20th Guards Tank Regiment (M4A2(76)W Sherman, markings: '3xx' (e.g. All this time, the Hungarian Third Army would hold the area west of Budapest along the Vértes Mountains.[45]. [18] Their push resulted in the annihilation of the Soviet 7th Mechanized Corps. From January 27 through February 15, the Soviets conducted numerous successful counter-attacks, forcing the Germans to give up the greater portion of their territorial gains, pushing the front line back to the area between Lake Velence, the village of Csősz, and Lake Balaton. Balaton eller Balatonsjön (av det slaviska "blato" (lerig, eller sumpig, plats), vilket också gett det tyska namnet Plattensee) är en sjö i sydvästra delen av Ungern.Sjön är 592 kvadratkilometer stor och därmed den största i Centraleuropa, och den 20:e största i Europa.Den är 77 kilometer lång samt mellan 4 och 14 kilometer bred. Geography. Judgment of Lake Balaton or Balaton Condemned (German title: Menschen im Sturm) is a 1933 Austrian-Hungarian drama film directed by Werner Hochbaum and starring Gyula Csortos, Maria Mindzenty and Antal Páger. white, 135th Tank Brigade (T-34/85, markings: Д -in diamond- and xx, e.g. 615th Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik), e.g. ), 1st Separate Tank Battalion (Pz.IV Ausf. [30], The four plans were sent to Heinz Guderian on February 22 for review, and Army Group South informed Army Group F commander Maximilian von Weichs on February 23 that the operation would commence on March 5, in anticipation that Operation Südwind (G:Southwind) would have finished successfully by February 24. -in diamond-, SS-Pz.Rgt 12 (Panther Ausf. Artillery Regiment (SU-76M, e.g. [56] The 4th Guards Army's three Guards Rifle Corps and one Guards Fortified District would be spread out over a 39 km front and reach 30 km deep, broken into two belts with one behind the other. Artillery Battalion (SU-76M), 85th Guards Self-prop. 69th Guards Self-prop. [31] If Operation Southwind was successful, Operation Süd's start could be deferred by 8–9 days. OKH wanted to send the Corps south-west to the 2nd Panzer army, a move Army Group South Commander Otto Wöhler saw of little use since the 2nd Panzer army would have a lower chance of success compared to the main attacking thrust of “Frühlingserwachen”. [29] Interestingly, an additional side-objective was the hope that serious pressure on the Southern Soviet Fronts in Hungary would force the Soviet Command to divert some forces from its Northern Offensives headed to Berlin towards Hungary. According to Wikipedia this the one out of two still flying Il-2s. A településen egy fatemplom volt, az egyházközség hitéleti tevékenysége az egri érsekséghez és főként a bélapátfalvi Cisztercita Apátsághoz kötődött, ami az 1200-as években alakult ki. The operation was referred to in Germany as the Plattensee Offensive and in the Soviet Union as the Balaton Defensive Operation. 20th Royal Hungarian Sturm. Artillery Regiment (SU-100), 1068th Self-prop. Lacul Balaton (în maghiară Balaton, în germană Plattensee, în latină Lacus Pelso, în croată Blatno jezero, în slovacă Blatenské jazero) este un lac cu apă dulce din regiunea Transdanubia (Ungaria). [45] On February 27, Army Group South hosted a Chiefs-of-Staff conference to which the Chiefs-of-staff of the 2nd Panzer Army, 6th SS Panzer Army, 6th Army, 8th Army, and Luftflotte 4 attended; here the plans for Operation Spring Awakening were laid out. [26] From here the units' possible de-training locations would seem to be the cities along the Oder River, however this was a calculated misinformation measure to confuse enemy forces who actually attacked these cities. 75th Guards Self-prop. Artillery Regiment (SU-100, markings: 6xx, e.g. [36] Finding itself issuing more and more direct orders, OKW eventually became responsible for Western and Southern commands, while OKH was responsible for Eastern commands. Artillery Regiment (SU-100, ~ e.g. It took place in Western Hungary on the Eastern Front and lasted from March 6th until March 15, 1945. Drama Between Budapest and Vienna: J.J. Fedorowicz Publishing, Inc. Számvéber, Norbert (2013). 707th Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik), e.g. Known Locations: Balaton MN, 56115, Currie MN 56123, Mountain Lake MN 56159 Possible Relatives: Randy L Klein, Steven J Klein, Charles S Skalak [35], The planning of Operation Spring Awakening is as interesting as the offensive itself, due to the chaotic nature of German military command this late in the war. Artillery Regiment (SU-100), 1922nd Self-prop. Balaton (saks. III, Wespe, e.g. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Balaton&oldid=6759929, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. Heers-Sturm. [45], The 6th Army would join the 6th SS Panzer Army in its thrust southeast to the Danube, then turn north to cover the flank of “Frühlingserwachen”. 297th Infantry Division, 104th Jäger Division, 11th Luftwaffe Field Division, 1st Cossack Division, 3rd, 5th SS Panzer Divisions, 96th, 711st Infantry Divisions, 2nd Hungarian Armoured Division, 1st Hussar Division, 6th Panzer Division, 37th SS Cavalry Division, 20th Hungarian Infantry Division (2-3 Battalions). [71], On 22 March, the remnants of the 6th SS Panzer Army withdrew towards Vienna. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International, 3.0 Unported, 2.5 Generic, 2.0 Generic and 1.0 Generic license. [51] Nonetheless, if successful, it was envisioned that the meeting of Army Group E's “Waldteufel” and the 6th SS Panzer Army's “Frühlingserwachen” would encircle both the Soviet 26th Army and the Soviet 57th Army. sfn error: no target: CITEREFSzámvéberNorbert2017 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFAlekseiIsaevMaksim2014 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFGreat_Patriotic_War_without_Secracy2010 (, O. Baronov, Balaton Defense Operation, Moscow, 2001, P.82-106. Genomsnittsdjupet är 3,2 meter och maxdjupet [36] Army Group E wanted to assemble its troops north of the Drava River by February 25, but Army Group South was not prepared to start the offensive this early due to the ongoing Operation Southwind; subsequently, the OKW and Hitler grew more impatient. 'S travel planner at night there are 6 ways to get from Camino... A blaton ( lake balaton wikipedia eredetű ) kifejezés magyarosítása 9 miles ( 14 km ) across the Panzerwaffe the of! 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[54][45], Tolbukhin's plan was to initially slow down the German advance to rob their offensive of momentum, then begin grinding down the attacking armies, then initiate the planned Soviet offensive to finish off the remaining German forces. Wedlug Wikipedii jeden z dwoch wciaz latajacych Il-2. white, new, 39th Tank Brigade (T-34/85, markings: Г -in diamond- and xx, e.g. [69], The last major German offensive on the Eastern Front of World War II, Interrupted Soviet offensive preparations, Units involved in Offensive (March 6–15, 1945). IL-2m3, 639th Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik), e.g. Artillery Regiment (SU-100, markings: C-xx, e.g. 46° 45' to 47° 5' N., and from long. During a Situation Conference on January 7, 1945 at which both Hermann Göring and OB West Field Marshal Gerd von Rundstedt were present, Hitler proposed his intention of pulling the 6th SS Panzer Army to form a reserve due to severe Allied air attacks. Artillery Regiment (ISU-122), 366th Guards Heavy Self-prop. Artillery Battalion (SU-76M), 310th Separate Self-prop. Artillery (Jagdpanzer 38(t) Hetzer, e.g. Artillery Regiment (SU-100, markings: 4xx), 1953rd Self-prop. Balaton is the biggest lake in Hungary. Wendy P Klein, age 37, Balaton, MN 56115 View Full Report. 989th Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik) - 1 long, 2 short diagonal tail stripes, e.g. [57] The 26th Army's Corps' would be layered in two belts whose defensive preparations had originally begun back on February 11,[57] prior to any sign of German offensive intentions. A, -D, Pz.IV Ausf. Somogy County lies in south-western Hungary, on the border with Croatia (Koprivnica-Križevci County and Virovitica-Podravina County).It stretches between the river Dráva and the southern shore of Lake Balaton.It shares borders with the Hungarian counties of Zala, Veszprém, Fejér, Tolna, and Baranya.It is the most sparsely populated county in Hungary. [49] On March 5, the 6th SS Panzer Army took over command of the Hungarian II Corps, along with its 20th Hungarian Division and 9th replacement Division, hereby becoming responsible for the northern shore of Lake Balaton. SS-Pz.Rgt 5 (Panther Ausf. Balaton is the biggest lake by surface area in Central Europe and gives its name to this entire Hungarian Lake Balaton region. [16] The deadline of January 30 proved impossible for refitting to be completed. We have reviews of the best places to see in Lake Balaton. These are the main units that were a part of the Army Groups/Front which saw combat in Operation Spring Awakening. The Last Attack: Sixth SS Panzer Army and the defense of Hungary and Austria in 1945. 17° 14' to 18° 10' E.; area about 400 square miles, including the marshy shores.It receives the waters of more than 30 small streams. Its wonderful world of birds was already famous in the last century; and has survived despite the draining of the marsh started in 1922. 1 Hévíz–Balaton Airport (SOB IATA), Repülőtér 1, Sármellék (South-west end of the lake is about 20 minutes' drive from Keszthely. [47] During the first days of March, alarming reports about road and terrain conditions due to the spring thaw flooded Army Group South Headquarters. [52] However, from February 17 to 18, the 2nd Ukrainian Front noticed the 1st SS Panzer division Leibstandarte and the 12th SS Panzer division Hitlerjugend fighting at the Garam River (S:Hron) during the German Operation Southwind. [40] Other units from other armies were also sent to the Hungarian theater, for example the 16th SS Panzer Grenadier Division Reichsführer-SS who was brought up from Italy through the Brenner straight and sent to the 2nd Panzer Army. [29], Four plans for Operation Süd were produced by high-ranking officials from Army Group South, the 6th SS Panzer Army, and the 6th Army: “Lösung A” by Fritz Krämer of the 6th SS Panzer Army; “Lösung B” and “Lösung C2” by Helmuth Von Grolman of Army Group South; and “Lösung C1” by Heinrich Gaedcke of the 6th Army, with much fighting and bickering as to which plan should be implemented. It is now a lost film. white. [55] The 3rd Ukrainian Front worked on digging in, creating extensive trench networks ideal for anti-tank defenses, along with defensive earthworks for the artillery and infantry. [29] The main objectives of the operation were as follows: 1) the security of vital raw materials such as oil, bauxite, and manganese for iron, 2) arable land for food and crops, the Austrian military industrial complex, and the city of Vienna, 3) to stop the Soviet Advance. Lake Hévíz is located in Hévíz, Hungary, near the western end of Lake Balaton, 8 kilometres (5 mi) from Keszthely.. IL-2m3. white, 1896th Self-prop. The 57th Army's one Guards Rifle and one Rifle Corps were spread along a 60 km front and 10–15 km deep; the Army would receive another Rifle Corps during the fighting. PeKo Publishing. [29] The operation was considered to be a success if 1) Operation Konrad III could pin the Soviets between the Vértes mountains and the Danube, 2) the 8th Army could secure its Front in Northern Hungary, 3) if the incoming panzer armies could be refitted during transit to create the advantage of surprise. Järven pituus on 77 ja leveys 14 kilometriä. Many German units were involved, including the 6th Panzer Army and its subordinate Waffen-SS divisions after being withdrawn from the failed Ardennes Offensive on the Western Front. The Kis Balaton, as a huge wetland habitat is unique in the whole of Europe, which is why it has always been recorded by international nature conservation. [24], On January 27, Heinz Guderian was tasked by Hitler to stop the 3rd Ukrainian Front in the vicinity on the Margit-Line in order to protect the vital oil fields. This article has been rated as start-Class. [15] Hitler ordered OB West Field Marshal Gerd Von Rundstedt to withdraw the following units from active combat in the Battle of the Bulge: I SS Panzer Coprs with 1st SS Panzer Division Leibstandarte and 12th SS Panzer Division Hitlerjugend, along with II SS Panzer Corps with 2nd SS Panzer Division Das Reich and 9th SS Panzer Division Hohenstaufen. Páncélosok a Dunantulon - Az Utolsó Páncélosütközetek Magyarországon 1945 Tavaszán. Soviet counter-offensive (16 March–15 April 1945): Operation Spring Awakening (German: Unternehmen Frühlingserwachen) was the last major German offensive of World War II. The Balaton Uplands National Park is located about 40 km from Zalaegerszeg, to the north of Lake Balaton, the largest (more than 70 km long) freshwater lake of Central Europe. BALATON, bŏ'lŏ-tōn, or PLATTENSEE, a lake in the southwest of Hungary, 55 miles southwest of Budapest, extending from lat. Army Group E met fierce resistance from the Bulgarian First Army and Josip Broz Tito's Yugoslavian partisan army, and failed to reach its objective of Mohács. Many were abandoned due to a lack of fuel. The operation, initially planned for March 5, began after German units were moved in great secrecy around Lake Balaton (German: Plattensee) to secure the last significant oil reserves still available to the Axis powers and prevent the Red Army from advancing towards Vienna. The 6th Panzer Army and the 6th Army had only 332 tanks operational of the original approximately 1,000 operational at the start of the offensive. Aleksei Maksim; Isaev Kolomiets (2014). [38] The offensive would consist of four forces, three were to be attack forces while one was to be a defense force. [30] Army Group South commander Otto Wöhler chose “Lösung B”. Budapest: PeKo Publishing. On February 17 of 1945, the Soviet High Command (Stavka) instructed the 2nd and 3rd Ukrainian Fronts to prepare for an offensive towards Vienna which would begin on March 15. [41] Some units necessary for the major offensive did not arrive in Hungary until just a few days before its start, the last being the 9th SS Panzer Division Hohenstaufen arriving in Győr at the beginning of March. A separate Hungarian-language version The Verdict of Lake Balaton was also made, directed by Paul Fejos. Army Group E - subordinate to Army Group F until March 25, 1945, On the 6 March 1945, the German 6th Army, joined by the 6th SS Panzer Army launched a pincer movement north and south of Lake Balaton. Artillery Regiment (SU-76M), 1201st Self-prop. On January 12, Hitler received confirmation that the Soviet Red Army had begun a massive winter offensive through Poland named the Vistula-Oder Offensive. [27], However, the main reason for sending the 6th SS Panzer Army south into Hungary can be understood through the list of main strategic points listed in a Situation in the East conference held on January 23: 1) The Hungarian oil region and Vienna oil region which made up 80% of reserves, without which the war effort could not be continued, 2) the Danzig estuary vital for U-boat operations and Upper Silesian industrial region for the war economy and coal production. red, 1016th Self-prop. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Balaton is the biggest lake in Hungary. [18] Before the end of the 4th day, the Germans had recaptured 400 square kilometers of territory, an achievement comparable to the initial German gains during the Ardennes Offensive and the Western Front in December 1944. Webb, William (2017). Horváth, Gábor (2013). Pz.Art.Rgt 75 (Pz.Beob.Wg. The 2nd Panzer Army did not advance as far on the southern side of Lake Balaton as the 6th SS Panzer Army had on the northern side. [50], The 6th Panzer Army was responsible for the primary thrust of the offensive, “Frühlingserwachen”. Between 16 and 25 March, the Hungarian Third Army had been destroyed about 40 kilometres (25 mi) west of Budapest by the Soviet 46th Army which was driving towards Bratislava and the Vienna area. On average for every kilometer of Front, 700+ anti-tank and 600+ anti-infantry mines were placed, with these numbers rising to 2,700 and 2,900 respectively in the 26th Army's sector. For instance, only 1/3 of the 6th SS Panzer Army's staff were actually from the Waffen-SS.[39]. SS-Pz.Rgt 2 (Panther Ausf. Adolf Hitler was the Commander-in-chief of OKH, while also being the supreme commander of OKW. Visit … From Mapcarta, the free map. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Lake Balaton has been listed as a level-5 vital article in an unknown topic. Artillery Regiment (SU-76M). (Pz)/SG 2), JGr.101 - Royal Hungarian Air Force (Bf 109G, Fi 156), 102 - Royal Hungarian Air Force (Fw 190F), 1951st Self-prop. Artillery Regiment (SU-100), 1443rd Self-prop. When this news reached Hitler, he immediately began to plan a major offensive on this Front. A forest and conservation region lies to the west of the village, local hills are to the east and Lake Balaton a short way to the north. Artillery Regiment (ISU-152, captured Hummels, e.g. By 15 April, the remnants of the 6th SS Panzer Army were north of Vienna, facing the Soviet 9th Guards and 46th Armies. Balaton A freshwater lake in Hungary, the largest lake in Central Europe, and one of the region's foremost tourist destinations. 951st Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik) - White diagonal tail-cap with 1 short diagonal stripe, e.g. Thus beginning on February 17, Operation Southwind began the effort to secure the Garam bridgehead from the 2nd Ukrainian Front, and by February 24 the task was successfully achieved, proving to be the very last successful German offensive of the war. The Soviet's Vienna Offensive ended with the fall of the city on 13 April. By mid-February, the Soviet bridgehead across the Garam River (Hron) north of Esztergom was identified as a threat. Moscow: Helion & Company. [15] These units were to be refitted by January 30 and attached to the 6th Panzer Army under the command of Sepp Dietrich for the upcoming Operation Spring Awakening. The operation was referred to in Germany as the Plattensee Offensive and in the Soviet Union as the Balaton Defensive Operation. [55] Other minor differences included the lack or limited use of barbed wire installations, anti-tank obstacles, and bunkers,[55] although the 4th Guards Army command did suggest to place the burnt out wrecks of 38 previously destroyed German tanks into advantageous positions; it is unclear how many were actually set up. [23] The slow withdrawal was greatly hampered by Allied air superiority. Balaton may also refer to: . [43], Prior to these measures, on January 30, 1st SS Panzer Division Leibstandarte was ordered to follow many of the same secrecy measures, including the temporary removal of their cuff titles.[44]. 715th Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik) - 1 long, 1 short diagonal tail stripe, e.g. By the 14 March, Operation Spring Awakening was at risk of failure. [29] The following day, January 28, this operation received its preliminary name, Operation Süd (G:South). If you can improve it, please do. red, 181st Tank Brigade (T-34/85, markings: 6xx, e.g. Cholnoky Jenő: A Balaton jege (1907), A Balaton hidrológiája (1918) Martonné Erdős Katalin: Magyarország természeti földrajza I. Tomb of the Panzerwaffe The Defeat of the 6th SS Panzer Army in Hungary 1945. "[73] As a mark of disgrace, the Waffen-SS units involved in the battle were ordered to remove their cuff titles. red. OKW (Oberkommando der Wehrmacht) was the overarching military command for the German army in WW2, while the OKH (Oberkommando des Heeres) was officially a high command operating under OKW. On March 3, the 6th SS Panzer Army suggested that a naval assault across Lake Balaton itself could be implemented to help the 1st Cavalry Corps on the southeastern edge, but this turned out to be impossible as the spring storms had blown the pack ice against the southern shore. After reaching the Danube, one part of the army would turn north creating a northern spearhead and move along the Danube River to retake Budapest, which had been captured on 13 February 1945. The flow of water is very strong and the water in the lake is completely replenished every 72 hours. red, 1004th Self-Prop. Lake Balaton (German: Plattensee) is a freshwater lake in the Transdanubian region of Hungary.It is the largest lake in Central Europe, and one of the region's foremost tourist destinations. I, III./SG 2 (Fw 190F, Ju 87G - 10. [20] This area had the Margit Line running right through it, and would see more fighting in the upcoming Operation Spring Awakening. Balatonin eteläranta on tasaista ja matalaa, toisin kuin pohjoisranta, joka on vuorista (Bakonyn kukkulamaasto). On February 28, the start date for Operation Spring Awakening was finally moved back to March 6, though many commanders felt that a greater delay was necessary. [23] Knowing that German Panzer divisions were not created for defensive purposes, the Soviet Fronts in Hungary became suspicious of the enemy's intentions. [17], On 16 March, the Soviets forces counterattacked in strength. [68] The attack was spearheaded by the 6th SS Panzer Army and included elite units such as the LSSAH division. white, Separate Recce. Artillery Regiment (SU-100), 1011th Self-Prop. IL-2m3, 165th Guards Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik), 166th Guards Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik), 167th Guards Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik), 56th Fighter Air Regiment (La-5F, La-5FN), 530th Fighter Air Regiment (La-5F, La-5FN), 848th Fighter Air Regiment (La-5F, La-5FN), 267th Fighter Air Regiment (Yak-1b,-3,-9), 117th Guards Fighter Air Regiment (Yak-1b,-9), 168th Guards Fighter Air Regiment (Yak-1b,-9), 611th Fighter Air Regiment (Yak-1b,-3,-9D,DD,M) - White diagonal tail stripe with a wide bar on the rudder, 659th Fighter Air Regiment (Yak-3, -9D,DD,M,T) - Long white arrow on fuselage, 897th Fighter Air Regiment (Yak-1b,-3,-9D,DD,M,T), 31st Fighter Air Regiment (La-5F, La-5FN,-7FN) - Lightning bolt on fuselage, diagonal tail stripe, 116th Fighter Air Regiment (La-5F, La-5FN) - Lightning bolt on fuselage, diagonal tail stripes, 164th Fighter Air Regiment (La-5F, La-5FN) - Lightning bolt on fuselage, diagonal tail stripes, 244th Bomber Air Division (Douglas A-20 Boston), 260th Bomber Air Regiment (A-20B,C,G,J, UA-20C Boston) - Lightning emblem on the nose, 449th Bomber Air Regiment (A-20B,C,G UA-20C Boston) - Bomb dropping seagull emblem on the nose, 861st Bomber Air Regiment (A-20B,C,G,J UA-20C Boston), 97th Guards Night Bomber Air Regiment (Po-2), 39th Separate Air Reconnaissance Regiment (Pe-2R, Yak-9D,M,R), 130th Guards Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik), 131st Guards Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik), 187th Guards Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik), 188th Guards Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik), 190th Guards Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik), 235st Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik) - white tail cap, 451st Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik), 31st Guards Fighter Air Regiment (Yak-1b, -9), 73rd Guards Fighter Air Regiment (Yak-1b, -9), 85th Guards Fighter Air Regiment (Yak-1b, -9), 48th Bomber Air Regiment (A-20G Boston) - red tail cap, 452nd Bomber Air Regiment (A-20G Boston) - white tail cap, 453rd Bomber Air Regiment (A-20G Boston) - dark blue tail cap, 14th Guards Bomber Air Regiment (B-25D,J Mitchell), 238th Guards Bomber Air Regiment (B-25D,J Mitchell), 251st Guards Bomber Air Regiment (B-25D,J Mitchell), 53rd Bomber Air Division (Li-2 cargo planes, etc. Plattensee) on Unkarin ja koko Keski-Euroopan suurin järvi pinta-alaltaan (598 km²). 1202nd Self-prop. Artillery Regiment (SU-100), 1821st Self-prop. [48] Despite the start of the operation being so close, some additional plans were thought up to help the sluggish assembly speeds of incoming units. Badacsony, basalt-covered residual butte, 1,437 feet (438 metres) in elevation, on the north bank of Lake Balaton in the Balaton Highlands of western Hungary. The Das Reich Division had 27 Panthers, 22 Panzer IVs, 28 Jagdpanzers and 26 Sturmgeschützes on hand (the number of those under repair is not available). [24] A glimpse of the ensuing verbal exchange during this argument was captured in Alfred Jodl's (OKW) post-war interrogation where he states Hitler said: "You want to attack without oil- good, we'll see what happens when you attempt that". There are many places to be visited. Bostonok a Magyar Égen és Földben 1944–1945. Számvéber, Norbert (2017). H). [36], For Operation Spring Awakening, the area for the new offensive was set on the borderline between OKW (Army Group F) and OKH (Army Group South), and this would cause troubles. Approaching and encircling the Austrian capital were the Soviet 4th and 6th Guards Tank, 9th Guards, and 46th Armies.[70]. [70] The overwhelming numerical superiority of the Red Army made any defense impossible, but Hitler believed victory was attainable. This is an example of a de-centralized command. Artillery Battalion (SU-76M), 44th Guards Self-prop. [61] A prime example of the scale of defensive installments can be seen in the 26th Army's 135th Rifle Corps. The north part of Balaton is deeper than the south part. Somogy County. Artillery Regiment (SU-100), 1453rd Self-prop. Wikipedia: Instance of: conflict: Part of: World War II: Location: Lake Balaton : Point in time: 15 April 1945: Start time: 6 March 1945: End time: 16 March 1945: 46° 58′ 48″ N, 18° 21′ 00″ E Este cel mai mare lac din Europa Centrală și una dintre cele mai importante destinații turistice din regiune. Heeresgruppe Süd lost 15,117 casualties in the first eight days of the offensive. Dietrich did not relay the order to his troops. SS-Pz.Rgt 3 (Panther Ausf. Lac lake Balaton Hongrie Hungary Siofolk photo picture image (9643295341).jpg 5,572 × 3,715; 9.67 MB Modern architecture on lake Balaton.JPG 2,580 × 1,720; 980 KB Monotype XV on Lake Balaton, Hungary.jpg 2,521 × 1,681; 1.52 MB The Germans were driven back to the positions they had held before Operation Spring Awakening began. It was a failure for Nazi Germany. Lake Balaton, largest lake of central Europe, located in central Hungary about 50 miles (80 km) southwest of Budapest. Company (T48/SU-57, e.g. On 19 March, the Red Army recaptured the last territories lost during the 13‑day Axis offensive. On the 15 March, strength returns on this day show the Hohenstaufen with 35 Panther tanks, 20 Panzer IVs, 32 Jagdpanzers, 25 Sturmgeschützes and 220 other self-propelled weapons and armoured cars. [61] Each anti-tank position had 8-16 artillery guns and a similar number of anti-tank guns. The Balaton was popular during the Cold War with both Easterners and Westerners because it was cheap and relatively easy to reach from both sides of the Iron Curtain. When withdrawing from the Western Front, elements of the III. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts.A copy of the license is included in the section entitled GNU Free Documentation License. [55] The defensive strategy of the 3rd Ukrainian Front was one of anti-tank defense as this was what the Germans were going to use. G, Pz.IV, Tiger I.). For example: ISU-122S, 78th Separate Mechanized Motorcycle Battalion (T-34, motorcycles), 1438th Self-prop. The butte bears witness to the original level of the basalt layer that formed at the end of the Pliocene Epoch (i.e., about 5.3 to 2.6 [37] The chosen course of action on February 25, "Lösung C2", favored the quicker and farther-reaching joint operation of the 2nd Panzer Army and 6th SS Panzer Army, while "Lösung B" opted to first secure the left flank of the main thrust "Frühlingserwachen" (between Lake Velence and the Danube) before moving south toward the 2nd Panzer army. It was a failure for Nazi Germany. This page was last changed on 29 December 2019, at 22:17. J, StuG III.). white, 19th Guards Tank Regiment (M4A2(76)W Sherman, markings: '2xx', e.g. Art. By January 21, only 5 days into Operation Konrad III, the Germans had taken the towns of Dunapentle and Adony which reside on the Western shore of the Danube. white, 11th Guards Separate Motorcycle Battalion, 864th Self-prop. [53] This plan, along with the strategic deployment of the Soviet forces, was quite similar to that of the Battle of Kursk, although it utilized experiences learned in 1943. IL-2m3, S/N: 1889403. U.S.A. 4021593 and Harley-Davidson 42WLA motorcycle, e.g. By February 7, on orders of Hitler, strict secrecy rulings were put into place: death penalty for command infractions, license plates were to be covered, insignia on vehicles and uniforms to be covered, no reconnaissance in forward combat areas, unit movements only by night or overcast conditions, no radio traffic, and the units were not to appear on situation maps. This sudden and savage push caused the Soviet command to actually contemplate an evacuation to the opposite shore. Wöhler wanted to use the 1st Cavalry Corps on the eastern shore of Lake Balaton, as German intelligence reported that "the enemy is still the weakest between Lake Balaton and the Sárviz Channel". It was not uncommon for the Soviets to actually search out and exploit the boundaries between the OKW and OKH as they knew these areas would suffer from poorer military command;[62] the advance to Budapest is an example.[36]. IL-2m3. : 74566), 20th Guards Tank Regiment (M4A2(76)W Sherman, markings: '3xx' (e.g. All this time, the Hungarian Third Army would hold the area west of Budapest along the Vértes Mountains.[45]. [18] Their push resulted in the annihilation of the Soviet 7th Mechanized Corps. From January 27 through February 15, the Soviets conducted numerous successful counter-attacks, forcing the Germans to give up the greater portion of their territorial gains, pushing the front line back to the area between Lake Velence, the village of Csősz, and Lake Balaton. Balaton eller Balatonsjön (av det slaviska "blato" (lerig, eller sumpig, plats), vilket också gett det tyska namnet Plattensee) är en sjö i sydvästra delen av Ungern.Sjön är 592 kvadratkilometer stor och därmed den största i Centraleuropa, och den 20:e största i Europa.Den är 77 kilometer lång samt mellan 4 och 14 kilometer bred. Geography. Judgment of Lake Balaton or Balaton Condemned (German title: Menschen im Sturm) is a 1933 Austrian-Hungarian drama film directed by Werner Hochbaum and starring Gyula Csortos, Maria Mindzenty and Antal Páger. white, 135th Tank Brigade (T-34/85, markings: Д -in diamond- and xx, e.g. 615th Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik), e.g. ), 1st Separate Tank Battalion (Pz.IV Ausf. [30], The four plans were sent to Heinz Guderian on February 22 for review, and Army Group South informed Army Group F commander Maximilian von Weichs on February 23 that the operation would commence on March 5, in anticipation that Operation Südwind (G:Southwind) would have finished successfully by February 24. -in diamond-, SS-Pz.Rgt 12 (Panther Ausf. Artillery Regiment (SU-76M, e.g. [56] The 4th Guards Army's three Guards Rifle Corps and one Guards Fortified District would be spread out over a 39 km front and reach 30 km deep, broken into two belts with one behind the other. Artillery Battalion (SU-76M), 85th Guards Self-prop. 69th Guards Self-prop. [31] If Operation Southwind was successful, Operation Süd's start could be deferred by 8–9 days. OKH wanted to send the Corps south-west to the 2nd Panzer army, a move Army Group South Commander Otto Wöhler saw of little use since the 2nd Panzer army would have a lower chance of success compared to the main attacking thrust of “Frühlingserwachen”. [29] Interestingly, an additional side-objective was the hope that serious pressure on the Southern Soviet Fronts in Hungary would force the Soviet Command to divert some forces from its Northern Offensives headed to Berlin towards Hungary. According to Wikipedia this the one out of two still flying Il-2s. A településen egy fatemplom volt, az egyházközség hitéleti tevékenysége az egri érsekséghez és főként a bélapátfalvi Cisztercita Apátsághoz kötődött, ami az 1200-as években alakult ki. The operation was referred to in Germany as the Plattensee Offensive and in the Soviet Union as the Balaton Defensive Operation. 20th Royal Hungarian Sturm. Artillery Regiment (SU-100), 1068th Self-prop. Lacul Balaton (în maghiară Balaton, în germană Plattensee, în latină Lacus Pelso, în croată Blatno jezero, în slovacă Blatenské jazero) este un lac cu apă dulce din regiunea Transdanubia (Ungaria). [45] On February 27, Army Group South hosted a Chiefs-of-Staff conference to which the Chiefs-of-staff of the 2nd Panzer Army, 6th SS Panzer Army, 6th Army, 8th Army, and Luftflotte 4 attended; here the plans for Operation Spring Awakening were laid out. [26] From here the units' possible de-training locations would seem to be the cities along the Oder River, however this was a calculated misinformation measure to confuse enemy forces who actually attacked these cities. 75th Guards Self-prop. Artillery Regiment (SU-100, markings: 6xx, e.g. [36] Finding itself issuing more and more direct orders, OKW eventually became responsible for Western and Southern commands, while OKH was responsible for Eastern commands. Artillery Regiment (SU-100, ~ e.g. It took place in Western Hungary on the Eastern Front and lasted from March 6th until March 15, 1945. Drama Between Budapest and Vienna: J.J. Fedorowicz Publishing, Inc. Számvéber, Norbert (2013). 707th Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik), e.g. Known Locations: Balaton MN, 56115, Currie MN 56123, Mountain Lake MN 56159 Possible Relatives: Randy L Klein, Steven J Klein, Charles S Skalak [35], The planning of Operation Spring Awakening is as interesting as the offensive itself, due to the chaotic nature of German military command this late in the war. Artillery Regiment (SU-100), 1922nd Self-prop. Balaton (saks. III, Wespe, e.g. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Balaton&oldid=6759929, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. Heers-Sturm. [45], The 6th Army would join the 6th SS Panzer Army in its thrust southeast to the Danube, then turn north to cover the flank of “Frühlingserwachen”. 297th Infantry Division, 104th Jäger Division, 11th Luftwaffe Field Division, 1st Cossack Division, 3rd, 5th SS Panzer Divisions, 96th, 711st Infantry Divisions, 2nd Hungarian Armoured Division, 1st Hussar Division, 6th Panzer Division, 37th SS Cavalry Division, 20th Hungarian Infantry Division (2-3 Battalions). [71], On 22 March, the remnants of the 6th SS Panzer Army withdrew towards Vienna. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International, 3.0 Unported, 2.5 Generic, 2.0 Generic and 1.0 Generic license. [51] Nonetheless, if successful, it was envisioned that the meeting of Army Group E's “Waldteufel” and the 6th SS Panzer Army's “Frühlingserwachen” would encircle both the Soviet 26th Army and the Soviet 57th Army. sfn error: no target: CITEREFSzámvéberNorbert2017 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFAlekseiIsaevMaksim2014 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFGreat_Patriotic_War_without_Secracy2010 (, O. Baronov, Balaton Defense Operation, Moscow, 2001, P.82-106. Genomsnittsdjupet är 3,2 meter och maxdjupet [36] Army Group E wanted to assemble its troops north of the Drava River by February 25, but Army Group South was not prepared to start the offensive this early due to the ongoing Operation Southwind; subsequently, the OKW and Hitler grew more impatient. 'S travel planner at night there are 6 ways to get from Camino... A blaton ( lake balaton wikipedia eredetű ) kifejezés magyarosítása 9 miles ( 14 km ) across the Panzerwaffe the of! 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