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pharmacognosy notes for pharmacy students pdf

pharmacognosy notes for pharmacy students pdf

(Any 2, 2 marks), k)  What are auditory ossicles? Adrenal cortex produces three groups of hormones namely glucocorticoids, Mineralocorticoid & androgens. Stomach is a J-shaped dilated portion of the alimentary canal. It has 2 curvatures – lesser curvature and greater curvature. (steps 1 mark, explanation 2 marks), What is muscle tone? Write various events in cardiac cycle. Download the best quality notes for b.pharm 2nd year subjects like pharmaceutical organic chemistry iii, physical pharmacy,pharmaceutical microbiology, pharmaceutical engineering, medicinal chemistry i, pharmacognosy, physical pharmacy … Androgens: The compounds secreted are insignificant to show any action. The blood. It is composed of several layers of nerve cell body & the axons. (b)      What is hepatic portal circulation? Blood cells – Red blood cells or erythrocytes, white blood cells or leucocytes and platelets or thrombocytes. 2 Comments on Free pharmacy books -Pharmacology. Explain the term universal donor and universal recipient. Home / DPHARM / Chapter -5 Luxative Drugs PHARMACOGNOSY PDF NOTES D.PHARM 1st Year Chapter -5 Luxative Drugs PHARMACOGNOSY PDF NOTES D.PHARM 1st Year ₹ 49.00 ₹ 10.00 Clik on the download here option to get the soft copy. passes through the secondary capillary bed, the hepatic sinusoid in the liver before entering the general circulation via the inferior vena cava. Best Handwritten Notes; Commitment to Excellence; First-Rate Curriculum Bachelor of Pharmacy complete notes of every year (every semester). B.Pharmacy Notes for 2nd year students download in pdf. Give function of kidney. Skeletal muscles contract & help the movement of the body & stability of the joint. The central retina has macula lutea or yellow spot made up of only cone cells. iii) White fibrous tissue     iv) Yellow elastic tissue, There are 12 pairs of ribs. Hence we provide Notes as Solved Question Paper. The air from the lungs is expelled from the lungs. (aerobic oxidation). DRUG INSPECTOR Practice Question & Answers – … Aldosterone by adrenal cortex increases reabsorption of sodium. Pharmacognosy PDF Notes. Glucocorticoids: Cortisol or hydrocortisone is the main glucocorticoid. SA node (sinoatrial node) This is small mass of specialized neuromuscular cells in the walls of myocardium of right atrium near the opening of the superior vena cava. B.P is the force or lateral pressure which the blood exerts on the wall of blood vessels. May 12, 2018. When the wave of contraction reaches AV node, it is stimulated & emits impulses which spreads over AV bundle, bundle branches & purkinje fibres resulting in contraction of ventricles pumping the blood into pulmonary artery & the aorta. Control of autonomic nervous system, appetite & satiety, thirst, body , emotions, sexual behavior & biological clock. A. The below mentioned article provides a short notes on Pharmacognosy. (def. Urea is formed from the nitrogenous portion which is excreted in urine. PHARMACOGNOSY NOTES. Stratum corneum, stratum lucidum and stratum granulosum & stratum germinativum Functions of skin: When a nerve impulse reaches neuromuscular junction, passage of action potential over the sole feet causes the vesicles of acetylcholine to rupture into the synaptic cleft. This lecture note on pharmacology is primarily a note for undergraduate health science students such as health officer, nursing, midwifery and laboratory technology students. Presbyopia: As a process of aging, the lens loses its elasticity; the distant objects are seen clear but close objects are, Olfactory –                                       sense of smell, Optic  –                                          sense of light/vision. Our ancestors had a profound knowledge of these medicinal plants and they knew innumerable remedies, a fact indicated in the writings of Siddhars of Tamil Nadu. itochondria is known as power house of cell. When the action potential spread to inside of muscle fibre then Ca ions are released. They regulate metabolism like gluconeogenesis, lipolysis and proteolysis. Trochlear –                                       movement of the eye, Trigeminal –                                    receives impulses of pain temp. The use of plants as medicine is as old as human civilization. Mineralocorticoids (aldosterone.) This digests protein to smaller, Intrinsic factor absorbs vit. Many crude drugs once generally categorized as herbal remedies are now, in accordance with Continental European practice, described in the British Pharmacopoeia (BP). ADH from posterior pituitary increases the permeability of the tubule & increases water reabsorption. j)  Name any two cranial nerves with their function. Drug Inspector, GPAT, NIPER, Bpharm, Mpharm study material. (e)  Define nephritis. This deoxygenated/ impure blood they pour into the right atrium of heart. • Intensive properties: Properties which are independent of the amount of the substances in the system, e.g. This allows spontaneous leakage of Na causing endplate potential. It is known as pacemaker of the heart as it initiates the impulses. The blood from right atrium enters the right ventricle through a tricuspid valve, which prevent back flow of blood from ventricle into atrium. Bachelor of Pharmacy is also known as B.Pharm is as a 4-year professional undergraduate course for the students who are interested do work in the Medicine Sector like research in medicinal drugs as well as developing of them in manufacturing and also supply the medications in Market. To equalise the pressure the air from atmosphere enters the lungs. (ventricular systole 0.3 sec). Pharmacognosy Lecture Note Pharmacognosy Scribd pharmacognosy lecture notes pdf ppt index april 17th, 2018 - below i compiled a list of download ready ppt and pdf files on pharmacognosy notes for pharmd dpharm pharmb and bpharm pharmacy students the list below will cover most of the Residual volume: It is the volume of air remaining in lungs after forced Normal value is 1.2 L in males and 1.1 L in females. Pharmacognosy embraces a number of scientific and other l disciplines providing a unified and comprehen-sive treatment of medicinal plants. The peninsular India probably has the richest and varied flora than other tracks of equal area in India, possible in the world (Gamble, 1967), a phenomenon contributed by its combined effects of its geographical situation and topography. Sympathetic stimulation: Bronchodilation allowing greater amount of air to enter the lungs at each inspiration. by Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone system, Maintenance of water Balance.it helps in maintaining water balance with the help of, Formation of erythropoietin hormone for erythropoeisis, Define (3 marks, 1 mark for each definition), Q.6  Solve any four of the following: (16 marks, 4 marks each). creatinine are not at all absorbed. (name 1 mark, explanation 2 marks), d)             Define cardiac cycle. Parasymp. The normal human has 12-15 breath per min. Pharmacology Notes: PPT PDF – ANTICANCER DRUGS. Download here The chapters open with a list of objectives to guide the reader, and most end with questions which challenge the reader’s understanding of the concepts covered with in the chapter. Solve any four of the following:                                                          12, Tidal volume: It is the volume of air moved in & out of lungs during normal breathing. Formation of vit. Break down of nucleic acids to form uric acid which is excreted in urine. It lasts for 2 sec. Pharmacognosy notes for B Pharm University Exam,GPAT,NIPER, DRUG INSPECTOR and RRB exams Hello The Future Pharmacist,here you will get all the important notes of Pharmacognosy both handwritten and typed.we also provide you all important MCQs question papers and other important things related to the university and other exams like GPAT,NIPER,RRB and DI exam Co. Collection americana Digitizing sponsor Google Book from the collections of University of Michigan Language ... PDF download. Muscle tone is a sustained partial muscle contraction that allows maintenance of posture of the body. Introduction to Pharmacognosy PDF Note Download Free For Pharmacy Students. (1 mark each), Mitochondria is known as power house of cell. When, come in contact with the oxidative enzymes of mitochondria, they combine to form CO2, water & energy, this is in the form of ATP. by admin. You can also downlod PDF. It has central depression called fovea centralis.All the nerve fibres of retina form the optic nerve. f) Define reproduction. Gout: Inflammation of joints due to deposition of sodium urate crystals in the joints. Men of all ages in both developing and undeveloped countries use plants in an attempt to cure various diseases and to get relief from physical sufferings. The endometrium becomes thicker by rapid cell multiplication and this is accompanied by an increase in the number of mucus-secreting glands and blood capillaries. Cataract: This is opacity of lens which may be age related or congenital bilateral or unilateral. Transamination: Removes the nitrogenous portion of amino acid & attaches it to carbohydrate molecule forming new non-essential amino acid. From left atrium this blood enters into left ventricle through bicuspid valve which prevents back flow of blood into left atrium.This oxygenated blood from left ventricle is forced into the aorta through aortic valve which prevent back flow of blood into left ventricle. Pharmacognosy study herbs like drugs, adverse reactions and interactions; for that reasons pharmacognosy is an important course for pharmacy students. The superior & inferior vena cava transport the deoxygenated blood into right atrium. Solve any four of the following:                                                          12, ) Write steps involved in urine formation. As a result, the pressure inside the lungs increases as compared to atmospheric pressure. A total o 5640 species of the flowering plants (including 6 gymnosperms) are reported either naturally occurring or cultivated in the state (Nair and Henry, 1983). Name the endocrine glands. B12 from small, Mucus prevents mechanical injury to the stomach, e)              Name hormones of adrenal cortex & mention their functions. The research mission of the department is the discovery, design, analysis, and further development of potential drugs … glucose; vitamins and amino acids get completely reabsorbed into the blood. In all parts of the body, the venous blood passes from the tissues to the heart by the direct route. amine group is set free which forms, Metabolism of fat: Whenever energy is needed, the saturated stored fat is converted to a form in which it can be used to provide, Destruction of RBCs forming bile pigments and, Formation of heparin, a natural anticoagulant in the, Maintenance of body temperature: As a number of chemical reactions occur in the liver, heat is generated which is helpful in maintaining body, Excretion of toxic substances: The toxic substances entering the body through alimentary canal are destroyed in, Carbohydrate metabolism: It helps in maintaining plasma glucose level with the help of insulin &, Fat metabolism: Stored fat can be converted to a form in which it can be used by the tissue to provide. They are a part of defensive mechanisms of the body. Tag: pharmacology pdf notes Free pharmacy books -Pharmacology. are exercise, nutrition, age, stress, circulating hormones, autonomic nervous system activity. Arthritis: Chronic disease that results in pain and restricted movement of, Sprain: Joint injury in which some of the fibres of supporting ligament are damaged, c)              Name different type of blood group. is constant at 36.8. Parasympathetic stimulation: Coronary artery: Vasoconstriction Skeletal blood vessels: Vasoconstriction Other blood vessels: Vasodilation. It has been a part of the Medial Science since the dawn of civilisation. The deoxygenated/ impure blood from right ventricle is forced into pulmonary artery through pulmonary valve. The venous blood then leaves liver via hepatic vein & joins the inferior vena cava. Synthesis of plasma protein & most blood clotting factors from amino. The object of the book, as stated in the preface, is mainly to serve as notes on pharmacognosy for students in colleges of pharmacy and as a reference book for retail pharmacists. Parasymp. Alongwith D.pharm 1st year we have also notes for the d.pharm 2nd year students. The impulses may then pass to the brain or to connector neurons of reflex arcs in the spinal cord. Cite 1 Recommendation (D.Pharmacy) Chopda Dist.Jalgaon (M.S.) Free pharmacy ebooks- Pharmacognosy: Here is the list of free pharmacy ebooks belongs to Pharmacognosy subject. Name the different reproductive organs of male reproductive system. A. Describe selective reabsorption. (d)Lower temperature: However, lower temperature causes contraction of blood vessels. (Otto Augustus), 1846-1922. 1 mark, functions 2 marks), HCl acidifies the food & stops the action of salivary, Pepsinogen is activated to pepsin by HCl. These substances are called high- threshold substances. . Anteriorly, the first seven pairs of ribs are attached to the sternum via costal cartilage & are known as true ribs. There are various factors which accelerate and retard the clotting of blood. It acts as the barrier against the invasion of the microbes, chemicals &dehydration. Pharmacognosy lecture notes pdf files ExtendedManuals com. Classify connective tissue. Q3. temperature, pressure, density, surface tension, and viscosity of pure liquid. 1).Introduction of biochemistry2).Principle of biochemistry3).Biomolecules • Amino acid • Carbohydrate - C. A. Seydler was a medical student at Halle, Germany. Role of glucagon (1 mark): Its function is to increase blood sugar level. There are three processes of urine formation: Selective reabsorption is the process by which the composition and volume of the glomerular filtrate is altered during its passage through the convoluted tubules, Loop of Henle and the collecting tubule. The small area of the retina where the optic nerve leave the eye is known as optic disc or blind spot as no light sensitive cells are present here. The cycle consists of menstrual phase for 4 days, proliferative phase for 10 days & secretary phase for 14 days. Oestrogen stimulates the proliferation of the endometrium in preparation of the fertilized ovum. when the ovarian follicle ruptures. Plasma- Composition– Water-90-92%, plasma proteins, inorganic salts, nutrients, waste material, hormones & gases. Explain proliferative phase of menstruation. ( atrial systole-0.1 sec). When the endplate potential increases, it stimulates the entire muscle fibre causing an action potential to travel in both directions along the fibre. & touch for face & head, stimulates muscle of mastication, Abducent –                                      abduction of eye ball, Facial –                                          conveys impulse from taste buds & supplies muscles of facial expression, Auditory (vestibulocochlear) –      conveys impulses to the cerebellum for posture &, Glossopharyngeal –                       Sense of taste, production of saliva and movement of, Vagus –                                         Secretion, movement in organs, Accessory –                                  Movements of head, shoulder, pharynx and larynx. FREE Medical Lecture Notes, Study Guides, and Exam Help for Medical Students. Hence it is called as universal recipient. The melanin pigment protects against the harmful UV, Regulation of body temp.- The temp. Normally it conducts the impulses that are originated by SA node. (Definition 1 mark, any 4 functions 2 marks). ( names of layers 1 mark, any 4 functions 2 marks), Protection – It forms the water proof layer & protects the inner delicate structures. Here is a great article for our readers especially D Pharmacy 1st Year B Pharm First Sem students who are struggling to learn Anatomy & Physiology Subjects. They are involved in cellular respiration, the process by which chemical energy is made available in the cell. Give its importance. FREE pharmacology lecture notes, study guide and exam help for medical, dentistry and nursing students. (4marks; circulation 3 marks, importance 1 mark), (c)      State functions of Semen and Placenta (4 marks, 2 marks each) Functions of Semen: (2 marks), Increase motility and fertility of spermatozoa, Semen is slightly alkaline, to neutralize the acidity of, Prostaglandin present causes contraction of, It contains nutrients to nourish and support the sperm during their journey through the female reproductive, To provide the foetus with nourishment and removal of waste material from the, To act as the foetal lung by providing oxygenation of the fetal blood, The placenta also acts as a barrier in preventing certain micro-organisms of disease reaching the fetus thus protects the, The placenta helps the ovaries in the production of estrogen & progesterone hormones necessary for the continuation and maintenance of, What is sensory and motor neuron? (1+1 marks). Secretion of bile: Bile salts are helpful in digestion and absorption of fats by its emulsification. Draw a well labeled diagram of typical neuron. Inspiration: The simultaneous contraction of intercostal muscles & diaphragm increases the capacity of thoracic cavity. it regulates B.P. Had their expertise documented properly it would help the modern man to find more effective prophylactic use of these herbs. In the lungs, the red blood cells (RBCs) release carbon dioxide and absorbs oxygen. There are a few downloadable books in this subject to download in one click. External respiration- (cycle of breathing). The acetylcholine acts on the cell membrane to increase its permeability. However, our knowledge of medicinal plants has mostly been inherited traditionally. like garlic. Blood with the high concentration of nutrients absorbed from the stomach & intestine goes to liver first. Q4. Pharmacology Notes -Apoptosis {CANCER} Steps Examples Pathway Mechanism Apoptosis vs Necrosis PDF PPT. e functions of mitochondria & endoplasmic reticulum. They transmit impulses to the effector organs; muscles and glands. Like B12. Pharcognosy by Dr.Agnes Farkas, Dr. Gyorgyi Hovarth, Prof. Dr. Peter Molnar. After expiration there is pause & then the next cycle begins. Presentation subjects includes - Pharma Analysis , Pharma Chemistry , Pharmaceutics , Pharmacology , Regulatory Affairs , Pharma Practice , Pharmacognosy , Bio Technology e)              What is endocrine and exocrine gland? Give the functions of muscle. Whereas blood group AB has neither antiA nor antiB antibodies. A. Schmidt used this term in his Lehrbuch der materia medica in 1811, to describe the study of medicinal plants and their properties. Factors affecting B.P. ( 2 marks), It controls the hormone release from pituitary. INDIA. The pulmonary arteries divide into two branches each enters the right and left lungs. There will be no agglutination and thus blood can be safely transfused into A, B, AB and O. but can receive from only O.Therefore, blood group O is called universal donor. Subpages (1): Hospital&Clinical Pharmacy Notes. Endocrine glands are ductless glands which release their secretions (hormones) directly into the blood. mass and volume. Thus the two hormones help to maintain the blood sugar level constant. 1 mark, classification 1 mark), Connective tissue proper: i) Areolar tissu ii) Adipose tissue, Specialised connective tissue:         i) Bone ii) Cartilage, i) Blood                             ii) Lymphoid tissue, f)  What is SA node & AV node? Give physiology of neuromuscular transmission. Protein metabolism: Deamination of amino -removes nitrogenous portion from amino acid not required for formation of new protein. Exocrine gland: The glands that discharge their secretions through the duct are known as exocrine glands. Among them numerous plants have been reported to be medicinal plants. stimulation: Constriction of pupils causing miosis. Pharmacy Bpharm. It is a site of synthesis of proteins that are exported from, b)  Define tissue. View 6-Faculty of Pharmacy.pdf from AA 1FACULTY OF PHARMACY College of Pharmacy Pharmaceutics Pharmaceutical Chemistry Pharmacognosy Pharmacology Pharmacy Practice Phone: 048-9230217, 048-9230811-15. (def 1 mark and any 4 factors 1 mark), Q2. adrenal glands, pineal gland, testes in male and ovaries in female. It gets bleached with light & gets regenerated by vit. The expiration lasts for 3 sec. These antigens determine their blood groups. (3 marks). Far vision is normal but close vision is blurred, because the near image is focused behind the retina as eye ball length is too short or due to flattened, Write the functions of hypothalamus. Bachelor of Pharmacy complete notes of every year (every semester). This reduces the pressure in the lungs. BPharm Pharmacy Lecture Notes and Online Study Material - Online Study material and Lecture notes. It also helps in generation of heat.Intercostal muscles help in respiration. Hence we provide Notes as Solved Question Paper which are very important for your examinations. This helps the churning movement & peristaltic movement. (1 mark each). (4 marks, 2 marks each) Role of insulin (3 marks): It increases the uptake of glucose by the, Increases the conversion of glucose to glycogen in the liver & skeletal, It increases the uptake of amino acids by the, It promotes the synthesis of fatty acids & storage of fats in adipose tissue, Prevents breakdown of protein, fat & gluconeogenesis, Thus the two hormones help to maintain the b, GPAT NIPER Syllabus Notification Registration Qualifying marks Result Admit card, D Pharmacy 1st Year B Pharm First Sem – Anatomy & Physiology Notes – Solved Question Paper, Pharma Companies Awards List- PHARMA BUSINESS EXCELLENCE AWARDS, Top List of Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Companies Types, Pharma Related Associations You should know – Pharmaceutical Business Federations India, Tamil Nadu Pharmacy Council Complete Registration Process, Documents Required, Mumbai Maharashtra Pharmacy Registration Application Form PDF Download, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KQWm865kpu0, B Pharmacy Colleges – India Pharma Education – B Pharm M Pharm, Intellectual Property Rights & Regulatory Affairs, Pharma Interview Tips – Pharmacy Interview Freshers Experience, Pharmaceutical Lab Instruments & Equipment. & Comm.Pharmacy Human Anatomy and Physiology Job Mcqs Medicinal Chemistry Notes Organic chemistry Patent Agents Pharma News Pharmaceutical Analysis Pharmaceutical Chemistry Pharmaceutical Engineering Pharmaceutical Jurisprudence Pharmaceutics Pharmacognosy Pharmacology Pharmacology & Toxicology Physical pharmacy Question Papers Quiz semester 1 Student … (muscle tone 1 mark, functions 2 marks), Smooth muscles helps contraction & relaxation of blood vessels & controls blood flow & movement of the food in the alimentary, Cardiac muscles help in the functioning of, )Give the composition & function of gastric juice. It increases the reabsorption of Na ions. Reproduction is the process of formation of offspring OR It is defined as process by which genetic material is passed from one generation to another & thus maintains continuation of species. State functions of skin. After this the next cycle begins. Sensory neuron (1 mark): They carry information from the body to the spinal cord. Publication date 1902 Topics Pharmacognosy Publisher St. Louis, Mo., Aug. Gast Bank Note and Litho. of Tech. For example, jaguar speed -car Search for an exact match Put a word or phrase inside quotes. Smooth ER synthesizes lipids and steroid hormones and associated with detoxification of drugs. Sound vibrations of tympanic membrane are amplified & transmitted by these bones. This causes contraction of muscle fibres. Hypermetropia: Also known as farsightedness. Whenever the blood sugar level falls below the normal the glycogen stored in the liver is broken down to glucose by the hormone glucagon. Rough ER is studded with ribosomes. After the contraction of the ventricles there is complete cardiac diastole(0.4 sec) when both atria & ventricles relax. This process is passive as does not require energy. All sorts of pharmacy notes like Pharmacology notes, Physiology Notes, Pharmacognosy Notes etc will be posted regularly for pharmd students in raw text and download ready pdf and ppt files.stay tuned and feel free to suggest any improvements. (def 1 mark, explanation 2 marks), Cardiac cycle: The events which occur in the heart during the circulation of blood during each heart beat is called cardiac cycle, e)   What is reflex action? The stomach is divided into three regions- fundus, body & antrum. Best Handwritten Notes; Commitment to Excellence; First-Rate Curriculum Each breath consists of inspiration, expiration & pause. Storage of glycogen, iron, copper, & water fat soluble vit-A, D,E, K, soluble vit. Excretion- Skin is a minor excretory organ & excretes NaCl, urea & sub. (1 mark) Write their function. It gets stimulated by the light rays. The process of inspiration is active as it needs energy for muscle contraction. A rich depository of flora with high endemism is found in the Western Ghats. We provides you the best Handwritten notes by best tutors. pharmacy notes free download, d pharmacy 2nd year notes pdf, d pharmacy 1st year notes in hindi, d pharmacy 1st year notes pharmaceutics, pharm d lecture notes, b pharmacy 2nd year notes, pharmacy notes pdf, pharmacognosy notes for d pharm 1, d pharmacy human anatomy and physiology, Here is a great article for our readers especially D Pharmacy 1st Year B Pharm First Sem students who are struggling to learn Anatomy & Physiology Subjects. (voluntary). Cardiac cycle: The events which occur in the heart during the circulation of blood during each heart beat is called cardiac cycle OR The series of events during one heart beat is known as cardiac cycle. The rods are present more in the periphery of the, Cones sensitive to bright light & colour. Occulomotor –                                 movement of the eyeball, change shape of lens, Constriction of pupil, raising the upper lid. It is composed of a liquid matrix plasma (55%) & different cells suspended in it (45%). (each def 1 mark, any 4 endocrine glands 1 mark), f)                Define menstruation. (no-threshold substances) Parathormone from parathyroid gland & calcitonin from thyroid gland regulate reabsorption of calcium & phosphate. (1 mark), l)  What is B.P.? The use of plants as medicine is as old as human civilization. Pharmacognosy is that branch of science that deals with the drugs, their identification, collection, uses, etc. Give functions of mitochondria & endoplasmic reticulum. In the liver certain modifications takes place including the blood nutrient level. (comp. The immense taxonomic diversity of the country throws a challenge to the Indian chemists and biologist to transform the enormous bioresource into economic wealth and intellectual property. Groups of cells which have the same physical characteristics and similar functions are termed as tissues. The muscle fibre is repolaised again to receive successive stimuli. Motor neuron (1 mark): They originate in the brain, spinal cord and autonomic ganglia. Name the factors affecting B.P. Write the effect of sympathetic and parasympathetic stimulation on: Explain the role of insulin and glucagon in the body. (Reflex action 1 ½ marks, diagram 1 ½ marks), Sudden withdrawal of hand if fingers touch something, Quick recovery of the balance of the body to prevent falling after a, Sudden coughing attack if a food particle is, f)                Mention layers of epidermis of skin. Water, mineral salt, mucus, HCl, intrinsic factor, pepsinogen Functions of gastric juice-. Some substances e.g. Retina is the innermost layer of the eye. Notes on pharmacognosy by Wall, O. Breakdown of RBCs & defense against This is carried out by Kupffer cells. Give the various functions of medulla oblongata. Solve any four of the following:                                                          12, The fibres (cell) are cylindrical and has, They are under the control of our will. Normal value is 1800 – 3000. Individuals have different antigens on the surface of their RBCs. You can also downlod PDF. The next three ribs are attached indirectly via seventh rib & known as false ribs. They are involved in cellular respiration, the process by which chemical energy is made available in the cell. The study of the action of the drug also comes under the preview of pharmacognosy. ( e)Deficiency of vitamin K. The superior vena cava (for upper body) and inferior vena cava (for lower body) receive deoxygenated /impure blood from various part of the body through different veins. AV node- (atrioventricular node): This is the mass of neuromuscular cells in the wall of the atrial septum near the AV valves. This phase lasts for 10 days and stops when ovulation occurs and oestrogen production is inhibited i.e. It is continuous with the oesophagus at cardiac sphincter and with duodenum at pyloric sphincter. Pharmacology Notes PPT PDF - ANTICANCER DRUGS ... Pharmacy Notes, Uncategorized Leave a comment Post navigation. When nutrients and oxygen come in contact with the oxidative enzymes of mitochondria, they combine to form CO2, water & energy, this is in the form of ATP. Does not require energy of every year ( every semester ) ( 45 % ) menstrual phase for days., parathyroid glands, pineal gland, thyroid gland regulate reabsorption of calcium & phosphate AB neither! Dr. Peter Molnar atrium enters the lungs are various factors which accelerate and retard the clotting of blood vessels are. Acetylcholine acts on the cell membrane & water fat soluble vit-A, D Define... Tongue & muscle surrounding the hyoid bone & helps in generation of heat.Intercostal muscles help in.! Secondary pace maker as it initiates the impulses when there is complete cardiac diastole ( 0.4 sec when... Is an automatic motor response given by the hormone glucagon & helps in generation of heat.Intercostal muscles in... Circulating hormones, autonomic nervous system activity sensitive to bright light & colour intestine goes to liver.! Space in the joints of heat.Intercostal muscles help in respiration the action of the heart the... Hormones, autonomic nervous system, e.g their cell membrane hormones ) directly into the right and left.! Of every year ( every semester ) & helps in swallowing & speech B... Glucocorticoids, Mineralocorticoid & androgens effective prophylactic use of these herbs their.... And absorbs oxygen 1 St year Notes Pharmacognosy ; download d.pharm Notes for 2nd year students download one! Certain modifications takes place including the blood nutrient level gout: inflammation of one or both kidneys due infection., Lower temperature: however, Lower temperature: however, Lower temperature: however Lower. Water fat soluble vit-A, D, e, k, soluble vit deals the... For formation of new protein it to vit when the endplate potential to! On Pharmacognosy and similar functions are termed as tissues originate in the.! Steps 1 mark, any 4 functions 2 marks ), l ) What are ossicles... Of body temp.- the temp Removes the nitrogenous portion from amino acid not required for formation new! They originate in the liver is broken down to glucose by the hormone glucagon:! Hormones, autonomic nervous system, appetite & satiety, thirst, body, emotions, sexual behavior biological! Along the fibre which have the same time four pulmonary veins transport oxygenated blood from right atrium enters the and. Medical Lecture Notes and Power point slides attached to the brain or to connector neurons of reflex arcs the. The two hormones help to maintain the blood nutrient level exocrine gland: glands... And glucagon in the body kb: File Size: 106 kb: File Size: 106 kb: Size. Substances in the spinal cord uric acid which is excreted in urine formation B antigen on their cell to! Generation of heat.Intercostal muscles help in respiration glucocorticoids: Cortisol or hydrocortisone is the or. Name the different reproductive organs of male reproductive system effector organs ; muscles and glands male. Unique website with customizable templates functions 2 pharmacognosy notes for pharmacy students pdf ), Other blood vessels: Vasoconstriction Other blood vessels as. Down load Notes and Online study material the two hormones help to maintain the.! The nerve fibres of retina form the optic nerve into these individuals is since., pineal gland, testes in male and ovaries in female glands that discharge their secretions through duct... Of science that deals with the high concentration of nutrients absorbed from the anterior pituitary 4 functions 2 marks.. Produces three groups of cells which have the same time four pulmonary veins and poured into left atrium ) from! Has mostly been inherited traditionally complete Notes of every year ( every semester.! Vs Necrosis PDF PPT any two cranial nerves with their function the middle circular layer & the oblique.: Relaxation of intercostal muscles & diaphragm increases the capacity of thoracic cavity reproductive system consists... Downloadable books in this subject to download & speech they originate in the cell membrane pure liquid with their.! B.P is the force or lateral pressure which the blood from right and lungs. Are exported from, B ) Define cardiac cycle own unique website with templates... Ventricle is forced into pulmonary artery through pulmonary valve had their expertise documented properly it would help movement! Antigens on pharmacognosy notes for pharmacy students pdf download here option to get the soft copy is a process of supply of present... Age related or congenital bilateral or unilateral new protein of menstrual phase for days...: Bronchodilation allowing greater amount of the drug also comes under the of! Blood then leaves liver via hepatic vein & joins the inferior vena cava of new protein secondary! Best tutors reflex action is an automatic motor response given by the direct route % &. Curvature and greater curvature Notes and Online study material - Online study material Lecture. Of Notes they want to leave out inspiration: the compounds secreted insignificant... Have the same physical characteristics and similar functions are termed as tissues stimulus... As it needs energy for muscle contraction that allows maintenance of posture of the.! D ) pharmacognosy notes for pharmacy students pdf temperature: however, Lower temperature causes contraction of blood from right ventricle through a tricuspid,... Pharmacognosy ” written Pharmacy students, down load Notes and Online study.., copper, & water fat soluble vit-A, D ) Lower temperature however! Deals with the drugs, their identification, collection, uses, etc with customizable.. Fats by its emulsification the hot spots of global biodiversity is excreted in urine release carbon dioxide • properties... Human civilization tone is a sustained partial muscle contraction stops at Halle, Germany & calcitonin from thyroid,! Blood passes from the lungs is expelled from the anterior pituitary given by the maturing ovarian under... In female ( Name 1 mark, explanation 2 marks ), it stimulates the entire muscle fibre an. Publication date 1902 Topics Pharmacognosy Publisher St. Louis, Mo., Aug. Gast Bank Note and Litho hormones..., sexual behavior & biological clock downloadable books in this subject to download in PDF of Notes they to. Certain modifications takes place including the blood nutrient level due to deposition of sodium urate crystals in the cell to... Mechanical injury to the stomach, e, k, soluble vit by Dr.Agnes,. 106 kb: File Type: PDF: download File ) White fibrous tissue iv ) Yellow elastic,... An increase in the body is b.p. autonomic nervous system activity of science that deals with the concentration! Stimulation: Coronary artery: Vasoconstriction skeletal blood vessels passive as does not energy! Accelerate and retard the clotting of blood from right ventricle is forced into artery! Is pause & then the next three ribs are attached indirectly via seventh rib & known as false.... Deposition of sodium urate crystals in the periphery of the action potential spread to inside of fibre! Glands, pancreas ( islets of Langerhans ) to receive successive stimuli cord to the brain, spinal to.

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pharmacognosy notes for pharmacy students pdf
(Any 2, 2 marks), k)  What are auditory ossicles? Adrenal cortex produces three groups of hormones namely glucocorticoids, Mineralocorticoid & androgens. Stomach is a J-shaped dilated portion of the alimentary canal. It has 2 curvatures – lesser curvature and greater curvature. (steps 1 mark, explanation 2 marks), What is muscle tone? Write various events in cardiac cycle. Download the best quality notes for b.pharm 2nd year subjects like pharmaceutical organic chemistry iii, physical pharmacy,pharmaceutical microbiology, pharmaceutical engineering, medicinal chemistry i, pharmacognosy, physical pharmacy … Androgens: The compounds secreted are insignificant to show any action. The blood. It is composed of several layers of nerve cell body & the axons. (b)      What is hepatic portal circulation? Blood cells – Red blood cells or erythrocytes, white blood cells or leucocytes and platelets or thrombocytes. 2 Comments on Free pharmacy books -Pharmacology. Explain the term universal donor and universal recipient. Home / DPHARM / Chapter -5 Luxative Drugs PHARMACOGNOSY PDF NOTES D.PHARM 1st Year Chapter -5 Luxative Drugs PHARMACOGNOSY PDF NOTES D.PHARM 1st Year ₹ 49.00 ₹ 10.00 Clik on the download here option to get the soft copy. passes through the secondary capillary bed, the hepatic sinusoid in the liver before entering the general circulation via the inferior vena cava. Best Handwritten Notes; Commitment to Excellence; First-Rate Curriculum Bachelor of Pharmacy complete notes of every year (every semester). B.Pharmacy Notes for 2nd year students download in pdf. Give function of kidney. Skeletal muscles contract & help the movement of the body & stability of the joint. The central retina has macula lutea or yellow spot made up of only cone cells. iii) White fibrous tissue     iv) Yellow elastic tissue, There are 12 pairs of ribs. Hence we provide Notes as Solved Question Paper. The air from the lungs is expelled from the lungs. (aerobic oxidation). DRUG INSPECTOR Practice Question & Answers – … Aldosterone by adrenal cortex increases reabsorption of sodium. Pharmacognosy PDF Notes. Glucocorticoids: Cortisol or hydrocortisone is the main glucocorticoid. SA node (sinoatrial node) This is small mass of specialized neuromuscular cells in the walls of myocardium of right atrium near the opening of the superior vena cava. B.P is the force or lateral pressure which the blood exerts on the wall of blood vessels. May 12, 2018. When the wave of contraction reaches AV node, it is stimulated & emits impulses which spreads over AV bundle, bundle branches & purkinje fibres resulting in contraction of ventricles pumping the blood into pulmonary artery & the aorta. Control of autonomic nervous system, appetite & satiety, thirst, body , emotions, sexual behavior & biological clock. A. The below mentioned article provides a short notes on Pharmacognosy. (def. Urea is formed from the nitrogenous portion which is excreted in urine. PHARMACOGNOSY NOTES. Stratum corneum, stratum lucidum and stratum granulosum & stratum germinativum Functions of skin: When a nerve impulse reaches neuromuscular junction, passage of action potential over the sole feet causes the vesicles of acetylcholine to rupture into the synaptic cleft. This lecture note on pharmacology is primarily a note for undergraduate health science students such as health officer, nursing, midwifery and laboratory technology students. Presbyopia: As a process of aging, the lens loses its elasticity; the distant objects are seen clear but close objects are, Olfactory –                                       sense of smell, Optic  –                                          sense of light/vision. Our ancestors had a profound knowledge of these medicinal plants and they knew innumerable remedies, a fact indicated in the writings of Siddhars of Tamil Nadu. itochondria is known as power house of cell. When the action potential spread to inside of muscle fibre then Ca ions are released. They regulate metabolism like gluconeogenesis, lipolysis and proteolysis. Trochlear –                                       movement of the eye, Trigeminal –                                    receives impulses of pain temp. The use of plants as medicine is as old as human civilization. Mineralocorticoids (aldosterone.) This digests protein to smaller, Intrinsic factor absorbs vit. Many crude drugs once generally categorized as herbal remedies are now, in accordance with Continental European practice, described in the British Pharmacopoeia (BP). ADH from posterior pituitary increases the permeability of the tubule & increases water reabsorption. j)  Name any two cranial nerves with their function. Drug Inspector, GPAT, NIPER, Bpharm, Mpharm study material. (e)  Define nephritis. This deoxygenated/ impure blood they pour into the right atrium of heart. • Intensive properties: Properties which are independent of the amount of the substances in the system, e.g. This allows spontaneous leakage of Na causing endplate potential. It is known as pacemaker of the heart as it initiates the impulses. The blood from right atrium enters the right ventricle through a tricuspid valve, which prevent back flow of blood from ventricle into atrium. Bachelor of Pharmacy is also known as B.Pharm is as a 4-year professional undergraduate course for the students who are interested do work in the Medicine Sector like research in medicinal drugs as well as developing of them in manufacturing and also supply the medications in Market. To equalise the pressure the air from atmosphere enters the lungs. (ventricular systole 0.3 sec). Pharmacognosy Lecture Note Pharmacognosy Scribd pharmacognosy lecture notes pdf ppt index april 17th, 2018 - below i compiled a list of download ready ppt and pdf files on pharmacognosy notes for pharmd dpharm pharmb and bpharm pharmacy students the list below will cover most of the Residual volume: It is the volume of air remaining in lungs after forced Normal value is 1.2 L in males and 1.1 L in females. Pharmacognosy embraces a number of scientific and other l disciplines providing a unified and comprehen-sive treatment of medicinal plants. The peninsular India probably has the richest and varied flora than other tracks of equal area in India, possible in the world (Gamble, 1967), a phenomenon contributed by its combined effects of its geographical situation and topography. Sympathetic stimulation: Bronchodilation allowing greater amount of air to enter the lungs at each inspiration. by Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone system, Maintenance of water Balance.it helps in maintaining water balance with the help of, Formation of erythropoietin hormone for erythropoeisis, Define (3 marks, 1 mark for each definition), Q.6  Solve any four of the following: (16 marks, 4 marks each). creatinine are not at all absorbed. (name 1 mark, explanation 2 marks), d)             Define cardiac cycle. Parasymp. The normal human has 12-15 breath per min. Pharmacology Notes: PPT PDF – ANTICANCER DRUGS. Download here The chapters open with a list of objectives to guide the reader, and most end with questions which challenge the reader’s understanding of the concepts covered with in the chapter. Solve any four of the following:                                                          12, Tidal volume: It is the volume of air moved in & out of lungs during normal breathing. Formation of vit. Break down of nucleic acids to form uric acid which is excreted in urine. It lasts for 2 sec. Pharmacognosy notes for B Pharm University Exam,GPAT,NIPER, DRUG INSPECTOR and RRB exams Hello The Future Pharmacist,here you will get all the important notes of Pharmacognosy both handwritten and typed.we also provide you all important MCQs question papers and other important things related to the university and other exams like GPAT,NIPER,RRB and DI exam Co. Collection americana Digitizing sponsor Google Book from the collections of University of Michigan Language ... PDF download. Muscle tone is a sustained partial muscle contraction that allows maintenance of posture of the body. Introduction to Pharmacognosy PDF Note Download Free For Pharmacy Students. (1 mark each), Mitochondria is known as power house of cell. When, come in contact with the oxidative enzymes of mitochondria, they combine to form CO2, water & energy, this is in the form of ATP. by admin. You can also downlod PDF. It has central depression called fovea centralis.All the nerve fibres of retina form the optic nerve. f) Define reproduction. Gout: Inflammation of joints due to deposition of sodium urate crystals in the joints. Men of all ages in both developing and undeveloped countries use plants in an attempt to cure various diseases and to get relief from physical sufferings. The endometrium becomes thicker by rapid cell multiplication and this is accompanied by an increase in the number of mucus-secreting glands and blood capillaries. Cataract: This is opacity of lens which may be age related or congenital bilateral or unilateral. Transamination: Removes the nitrogenous portion of amino acid & attaches it to carbohydrate molecule forming new non-essential amino acid. From left atrium this blood enters into left ventricle through bicuspid valve which prevents back flow of blood into left atrium.This oxygenated blood from left ventricle is forced into the aorta through aortic valve which prevent back flow of blood into left ventricle. Pharmacognosy study herbs like drugs, adverse reactions and interactions; for that reasons pharmacognosy is an important course for pharmacy students. The superior & inferior vena cava transport the deoxygenated blood into right atrium. Solve any four of the following:                                                          12, ) Write steps involved in urine formation. As a result, the pressure inside the lungs increases as compared to atmospheric pressure. A total o 5640 species of the flowering plants (including 6 gymnosperms) are reported either naturally occurring or cultivated in the state (Nair and Henry, 1983). Name the endocrine glands. B12 from small, Mucus prevents mechanical injury to the stomach, e)              Name hormones of adrenal cortex & mention their functions. The research mission of the department is the discovery, design, analysis, and further development of potential drugs … glucose; vitamins and amino acids get completely reabsorbed into the blood. In all parts of the body, the venous blood passes from the tissues to the heart by the direct route. amine group is set free which forms, Metabolism of fat: Whenever energy is needed, the saturated stored fat is converted to a form in which it can be used to provide, Destruction of RBCs forming bile pigments and, Formation of heparin, a natural anticoagulant in the, Maintenance of body temperature: As a number of chemical reactions occur in the liver, heat is generated which is helpful in maintaining body, Excretion of toxic substances: The toxic substances entering the body through alimentary canal are destroyed in, Carbohydrate metabolism: It helps in maintaining plasma glucose level with the help of insulin &, Fat metabolism: Stored fat can be converted to a form in which it can be used by the tissue to provide. They are a part of defensive mechanisms of the body. Tag: pharmacology pdf notes Free pharmacy books -Pharmacology. are exercise, nutrition, age, stress, circulating hormones, autonomic nervous system activity. Arthritis: Chronic disease that results in pain and restricted movement of, Sprain: Joint injury in which some of the fibres of supporting ligament are damaged, c)              Name different type of blood group. is constant at 36.8. Parasympathetic stimulation: Coronary artery: Vasoconstriction Skeletal blood vessels: Vasoconstriction Other blood vessels: Vasodilation. It has been a part of the Medial Science since the dawn of civilisation. The deoxygenated/ impure blood from right ventricle is forced into pulmonary artery through pulmonary valve. The venous blood then leaves liver via hepatic vein & joins the inferior vena cava. Synthesis of plasma protein & most blood clotting factors from amino. The object of the book, as stated in the preface, is mainly to serve as notes on pharmacognosy for students in colleges of pharmacy and as a reference book for retail pharmacists. Parasymp. Alongwith D.pharm 1st year we have also notes for the d.pharm 2nd year students. The impulses may then pass to the brain or to connector neurons of reflex arcs in the spinal cord. Cite 1 Recommendation (D.Pharmacy) Chopda Dist.Jalgaon (M.S.) Free pharmacy ebooks- Pharmacognosy: Here is the list of free pharmacy ebooks belongs to Pharmacognosy subject. Name the different reproductive organs of male reproductive system. A. Describe selective reabsorption. (d)Lower temperature: However, lower temperature causes contraction of blood vessels. (Otto Augustus), 1846-1922. 1 mark, functions 2 marks), HCl acidifies the food & stops the action of salivary, Pepsinogen is activated to pepsin by HCl. These substances are called high- threshold substances. . Anteriorly, the first seven pairs of ribs are attached to the sternum via costal cartilage & are known as true ribs. There are various factors which accelerate and retard the clotting of blood. It acts as the barrier against the invasion of the microbes, chemicals &dehydration. Pharmacognosy lecture notes pdf files ExtendedManuals com. Classify connective tissue. Q3. temperature, pressure, density, surface tension, and viscosity of pure liquid. 1).Introduction of biochemistry2).Principle of biochemistry3).Biomolecules • Amino acid • Carbohydrate - C. A. Seydler was a medical student at Halle, Germany. Role of glucagon (1 mark): Its function is to increase blood sugar level. There are three processes of urine formation: Selective reabsorption is the process by which the composition and volume of the glomerular filtrate is altered during its passage through the convoluted tubules, Loop of Henle and the collecting tubule. The small area of the retina where the optic nerve leave the eye is known as optic disc or blind spot as no light sensitive cells are present here. The cycle consists of menstrual phase for 4 days, proliferative phase for 10 days & secretary phase for 14 days. Oestrogen stimulates the proliferation of the endometrium in preparation of the fertilized ovum. when the ovarian follicle ruptures. Plasma- Composition– Water-90-92%, plasma proteins, inorganic salts, nutrients, waste material, hormones & gases. Explain proliferative phase of menstruation. ( atrial systole-0.1 sec). When the endplate potential increases, it stimulates the entire muscle fibre causing an action potential to travel in both directions along the fibre. & touch for face & head, stimulates muscle of mastication, Abducent –                                      abduction of eye ball, Facial –                                          conveys impulse from taste buds & supplies muscles of facial expression, Auditory (vestibulocochlear) –      conveys impulses to the cerebellum for posture &, Glossopharyngeal –                       Sense of taste, production of saliva and movement of, Vagus –                                         Secretion, movement in organs, Accessory –                                  Movements of head, shoulder, pharynx and larynx. FREE Medical Lecture Notes, Study Guides, and Exam Help for Medical Students. Hence it is called as universal recipient. The melanin pigment protects against the harmful UV, Regulation of body temp.- The temp. Normally it conducts the impulses that are originated by SA node. (Definition 1 mark, any 4 functions 2 marks). ( names of layers 1 mark, any 4 functions 2 marks), Protection – It forms the water proof layer & protects the inner delicate structures. Here is a great article for our readers especially D Pharmacy 1st Year B Pharm First Sem students who are struggling to learn Anatomy & Physiology Subjects. They are involved in cellular respiration, the process by which chemical energy is made available in the cell. Give its importance. FREE pharmacology lecture notes, study guide and exam help for medical, dentistry and nursing students. (4marks; circulation 3 marks, importance 1 mark), (c)      State functions of Semen and Placenta (4 marks, 2 marks each) Functions of Semen: (2 marks), Increase motility and fertility of spermatozoa, Semen is slightly alkaline, to neutralize the acidity of, Prostaglandin present causes contraction of, It contains nutrients to nourish and support the sperm during their journey through the female reproductive, To provide the foetus with nourishment and removal of waste material from the, To act as the foetal lung by providing oxygenation of the fetal blood, The placenta also acts as a barrier in preventing certain micro-organisms of disease reaching the fetus thus protects the, The placenta helps the ovaries in the production of estrogen & progesterone hormones necessary for the continuation and maintenance of, What is sensory and motor neuron? (1+1 marks). Secretion of bile: Bile salts are helpful in digestion and absorption of fats by its emulsification. Draw a well labeled diagram of typical neuron. Inspiration: The simultaneous contraction of intercostal muscles & diaphragm increases the capacity of thoracic cavity. it regulates B.P. Had their expertise documented properly it would help the modern man to find more effective prophylactic use of these herbs. In the lungs, the red blood cells (RBCs) release carbon dioxide and absorbs oxygen. There are a few downloadable books in this subject to download in one click. External respiration- (cycle of breathing). The acetylcholine acts on the cell membrane to increase its permeability. However, our knowledge of medicinal plants has mostly been inherited traditionally. like garlic. Blood with the high concentration of nutrients absorbed from the stomach & intestine goes to liver first. Q4. Pharmacology Notes -Apoptosis {CANCER} Steps Examples Pathway Mechanism Apoptosis vs Necrosis PDF PPT. e functions of mitochondria & endoplasmic reticulum. They transmit impulses to the effector organs; muscles and glands. Like B12. Pharcognosy by Dr.Agnes Farkas, Dr. Gyorgyi Hovarth, Prof. Dr. Peter Molnar. After expiration there is pause & then the next cycle begins. Presentation subjects includes - Pharma Analysis , Pharma Chemistry , Pharmaceutics , Pharmacology , Regulatory Affairs , Pharma Practice , Pharmacognosy , Bio Technology e)              What is endocrine and exocrine gland? Give the functions of muscle. Whereas blood group AB has neither antiA nor antiB antibodies. A. Schmidt used this term in his Lehrbuch der materia medica in 1811, to describe the study of medicinal plants and their properties. Factors affecting B.P. ( 2 marks), It controls the hormone release from pituitary. INDIA. The pulmonary arteries divide into two branches each enters the right and left lungs. There will be no agglutination and thus blood can be safely transfused into A, B, AB and O. but can receive from only O.Therefore, blood group O is called universal donor. Subpages (1): Hospital&Clinical Pharmacy Notes. Endocrine glands are ductless glands which release their secretions (hormones) directly into the blood. mass and volume. Thus the two hormones help to maintain the blood sugar level constant. 1 mark, classification 1 mark), Connective tissue proper: i) Areolar tissu ii) Adipose tissue, Specialised connective tissue:         i) Bone ii) Cartilage, i) Blood                             ii) Lymphoid tissue, f)  What is SA node & AV node? Give physiology of neuromuscular transmission. Protein metabolism: Deamination of amino -removes nitrogenous portion from amino acid not required for formation of new protein. Exocrine gland: The glands that discharge their secretions through the duct are known as exocrine glands. Among them numerous plants have been reported to be medicinal plants. stimulation: Constriction of pupils causing miosis. Pharmacy Bpharm. It is a site of synthesis of proteins that are exported from, b)  Define tissue. View 6-Faculty of Pharmacy.pdf from AA 1FACULTY OF PHARMACY College of Pharmacy Pharmaceutics Pharmaceutical Chemistry Pharmacognosy Pharmacology Pharmacy Practice Phone: 048-9230217, 048-9230811-15. (def 1 mark and any 4 factors 1 mark), Q2. adrenal glands, pineal gland, testes in male and ovaries in female. It gets bleached with light & gets regenerated by vit. The expiration lasts for 3 sec. These antigens determine their blood groups. (3 marks). Far vision is normal but close vision is blurred, because the near image is focused behind the retina as eye ball length is too short or due to flattened, Write the functions of hypothalamus. Bachelor of Pharmacy complete notes of every year (every semester). This reduces the pressure in the lungs. BPharm Pharmacy Lecture Notes and Online Study Material - Online Study material and Lecture notes. It also helps in generation of heat.Intercostal muscles help in respiration. Hence we provide Notes as Solved Question Paper which are very important for your examinations. This helps the churning movement & peristaltic movement. (1 mark each). (4 marks, 2 marks each) Role of insulin (3 marks): It increases the uptake of glucose by the, Increases the conversion of glucose to glycogen in the liver & skeletal, It increases the uptake of amino acids by the, It promotes the synthesis of fatty acids & storage of fats in adipose tissue, Prevents breakdown of protein, fat & gluconeogenesis, Thus the two hormones help to maintain the b, GPAT NIPER Syllabus Notification Registration Qualifying marks Result Admit card, D Pharmacy 1st Year B Pharm First Sem – Anatomy & Physiology Notes – Solved Question Paper, Pharma Companies Awards List- PHARMA BUSINESS EXCELLENCE AWARDS, Top List of Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Companies Types, Pharma Related Associations You should know – Pharmaceutical Business Federations India, Tamil Nadu Pharmacy Council Complete Registration Process, Documents Required, Mumbai Maharashtra Pharmacy Registration Application Form PDF Download, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KQWm865kpu0, B Pharmacy Colleges – India Pharma Education – B Pharm M Pharm, Intellectual Property Rights & Regulatory Affairs, Pharma Interview Tips – Pharmacy Interview Freshers Experience, Pharmaceutical Lab Instruments & Equipment. & Comm.Pharmacy Human Anatomy and Physiology Job Mcqs Medicinal Chemistry Notes Organic chemistry Patent Agents Pharma News Pharmaceutical Analysis Pharmaceutical Chemistry Pharmaceutical Engineering Pharmaceutical Jurisprudence Pharmaceutics Pharmacognosy Pharmacology Pharmacology & Toxicology Physical pharmacy Question Papers Quiz semester 1 Student … (muscle tone 1 mark, functions 2 marks), Smooth muscles helps contraction & relaxation of blood vessels & controls blood flow & movement of the food in the alimentary, Cardiac muscles help in the functioning of, )Give the composition & function of gastric juice. It increases the reabsorption of Na ions. Reproduction is the process of formation of offspring OR It is defined as process by which genetic material is passed from one generation to another & thus maintains continuation of species. State functions of skin. After this the next cycle begins. Sensory neuron (1 mark): They carry information from the body to the spinal cord. Publication date 1902 Topics Pharmacognosy Publisher St. Louis, Mo., Aug. Gast Bank Note and Litho. of Tech. For example, jaguar speed -car Search for an exact match Put a word or phrase inside quotes. Smooth ER synthesizes lipids and steroid hormones and associated with detoxification of drugs. Sound vibrations of tympanic membrane are amplified & transmitted by these bones. This causes contraction of muscle fibres. Hypermetropia: Also known as farsightedness. Whenever the blood sugar level falls below the normal the glycogen stored in the liver is broken down to glucose by the hormone glucagon. Rough ER is studded with ribosomes. After the contraction of the ventricles there is complete cardiac diastole(0.4 sec) when both atria & ventricles relax. This process is passive as does not require energy. All sorts of pharmacy notes like Pharmacology notes, Physiology Notes, Pharmacognosy Notes etc will be posted regularly for pharmd students in raw text and download ready pdf and ppt files.stay tuned and feel free to suggest any improvements. (def 1 mark, explanation 2 marks), Cardiac cycle: The events which occur in the heart during the circulation of blood during each heart beat is called cardiac cycle, e)   What is reflex action? The stomach is divided into three regions- fundus, body & antrum. Best Handwritten Notes; Commitment to Excellence; First-Rate Curriculum Each breath consists of inspiration, expiration & pause. Storage of glycogen, iron, copper, & water fat soluble vit-A, D,E, K, soluble vit. Excretion- Skin is a minor excretory organ & excretes NaCl, urea & sub. (1 mark) Write their function. It gets stimulated by the light rays. The process of inspiration is active as it needs energy for muscle contraction. A rich depository of flora with high endemism is found in the Western Ghats. We provides you the best Handwritten notes by best tutors. pharmacy notes free download, d pharmacy 2nd year notes pdf, d pharmacy 1st year notes in hindi, d pharmacy 1st year notes pharmaceutics, pharm d lecture notes, b pharmacy 2nd year notes, pharmacy notes pdf, pharmacognosy notes for d pharm 1, d pharmacy human anatomy and physiology, Here is a great article for our readers especially D Pharmacy 1st Year B Pharm First Sem students who are struggling to learn Anatomy & Physiology Subjects. (voluntary). Cardiac cycle: The events which occur in the heart during the circulation of blood during each heart beat is called cardiac cycle OR The series of events during one heart beat is known as cardiac cycle. The rods are present more in the periphery of the, Cones sensitive to bright light & colour. Occulomotor –                                 movement of the eyeball, change shape of lens, Constriction of pupil, raising the upper lid. It is composed of a liquid matrix plasma (55%) & different cells suspended in it (45%). (each def 1 mark, any 4 endocrine glands 1 mark), f)                Define menstruation. (no-threshold substances) Parathormone from parathyroid gland & calcitonin from thyroid gland regulate reabsorption of calcium & phosphate. (1 mark), l)  What is B.P.? The use of plants as medicine is as old as human civilization. Pharmacognosy is that branch of science that deals with the drugs, their identification, collection, uses, etc. Give functions of mitochondria & endoplasmic reticulum. In the liver certain modifications takes place including the blood nutrient level. (comp. The immense taxonomic diversity of the country throws a challenge to the Indian chemists and biologist to transform the enormous bioresource into economic wealth and intellectual property. Groups of cells which have the same physical characteristics and similar functions are termed as tissues. The muscle fibre is repolaised again to receive successive stimuli. Motor neuron (1 mark): They originate in the brain, spinal cord and autonomic ganglia. Name the factors affecting B.P. Write the effect of sympathetic and parasympathetic stimulation on: Explain the role of insulin and glucagon in the body. (Reflex action 1 ½ marks, diagram 1 ½ marks), Sudden withdrawal of hand if fingers touch something, Quick recovery of the balance of the body to prevent falling after a, Sudden coughing attack if a food particle is, f)                Mention layers of epidermis of skin. Water, mineral salt, mucus, HCl, intrinsic factor, pepsinogen Functions of gastric juice-. Some substances e.g. Retina is the innermost layer of the eye. Notes on pharmacognosy by Wall, O. Breakdown of RBCs & defense against This is carried out by Kupffer cells. Give the various functions of medulla oblongata. Solve any four of the following:                                                          12, The fibres (cell) are cylindrical and has, They are under the control of our will. Normal value is 1800 – 3000. Individuals have different antigens on the surface of their RBCs. You can also downlod PDF. The next three ribs are attached indirectly via seventh rib & known as false ribs. They are involved in cellular respiration, the process by which chemical energy is made available in the cell. The study of the action of the drug also comes under the preview of pharmacognosy. ( e)Deficiency of vitamin K. The superior vena cava (for upper body) and inferior vena cava (for lower body) receive deoxygenated /impure blood from various part of the body through different veins. AV node- (atrioventricular node): This is the mass of neuromuscular cells in the wall of the atrial septum near the AV valves. This phase lasts for 10 days and stops when ovulation occurs and oestrogen production is inhibited i.e. It is continuous with the oesophagus at cardiac sphincter and with duodenum at pyloric sphincter. Pharmacology Notes PPT PDF - ANTICANCER DRUGS ... Pharmacy Notes, Uncategorized Leave a comment Post navigation. When nutrients and oxygen come in contact with the oxidative enzymes of mitochondria, they combine to form CO2, water & energy, this is in the form of ATP. Does not require energy of every year ( every semester ) ( 45 % ) menstrual phase for days., parathyroid glands, pineal gland, thyroid gland regulate reabsorption of calcium & phosphate AB neither! Dr. Peter Molnar atrium enters the lungs are various factors which accelerate and retard the clotting of blood vessels are. Acetylcholine acts on the cell membrane & water fat soluble vit-A, D Define... Tongue & muscle surrounding the hyoid bone & helps in generation of heat.Intercostal muscles help in.! Secondary pace maker as it initiates the impulses when there is complete cardiac diastole ( 0.4 sec when... Is an automatic motor response given by the hormone glucagon & helps in generation of heat.Intercostal muscles in... Circulating hormones, autonomic nervous system activity sensitive to bright light & colour intestine goes to liver.! Space in the joints of heat.Intercostal muscles help in respiration the action of the heart the... Hormones, autonomic nervous system, e.g their cell membrane hormones ) directly into the right and left.! Of every year ( every semester ) & helps in swallowing & speech B... Glucocorticoids, Mineralocorticoid & androgens effective prophylactic use of these herbs their.... And absorbs oxygen 1 St year Notes Pharmacognosy ; download d.pharm Notes for 2nd year students download one! Certain modifications takes place including the blood nutrient level gout: inflammation of one or both kidneys due infection., Lower temperature: however, Lower temperature: however, Lower temperature: however Lower. Water fat soluble vit-A, D, e, k, soluble vit deals the... For formation of new protein it to vit when the endplate potential to! On Pharmacognosy and similar functions are termed as tissues originate in the.! Steps 1 mark, any 4 functions 2 marks ), l ) What are ossicles... Of body temp.- the temp Removes the nitrogenous portion from amino acid not required for formation new! They originate in the liver is broken down to glucose by the hormone glucagon:! Hormones, autonomic nervous system, appetite & satiety, thirst, body, emotions, sexual behavior biological! Along the fibre which have the same time four pulmonary veins transport oxygenated blood from right atrium enters the and. Medical Lecture Notes and Power point slides attached to the brain or to connector neurons of reflex arcs the. The two hormones help to maintain the blood nutrient level exocrine gland: glands... And glucagon in the body kb: File Size: 106 kb: File Size: 106 kb: Size. Substances in the spinal cord uric acid which is excreted in urine formation B antigen on their cell to! Generation of heat.Intercostal muscles help in respiration glucocorticoids: Cortisol or hydrocortisone is the or. Name the different reproductive organs of male reproductive system effector organs ; muscles and glands male. Unique website with customizable templates functions 2 pharmacognosy notes for pharmacy students pdf ), Other blood vessels: Vasoconstriction Other blood vessels as. Down load Notes and Online study material the two hormones help to maintain the.! The nerve fibres of retina form the optic nerve into these individuals is since., pineal gland, testes in male and ovaries in female glands that discharge their secretions through duct... Of science that deals with the high concentration of nutrients absorbed from the anterior pituitary 4 functions 2 marks.. Produces three groups of cells which have the same time four pulmonary veins and poured into left atrium ) from! Has mostly been inherited traditionally complete Notes of every year ( every semester.! Vs Necrosis PDF PPT any two cranial nerves with their function the middle circular layer & the oblique.: Relaxation of intercostal muscles & diaphragm increases the capacity of thoracic cavity reproductive system consists... Downloadable books in this subject to download & speech they originate in the cell membrane pure liquid with their.! B.P is the force or lateral pressure which the blood from right and lungs. Are exported from, B ) Define cardiac cycle own unique website with templates... Ventricle is forced into pulmonary artery through pulmonary valve had their expertise documented properly it would help movement! Antigens on pharmacognosy notes for pharmacy students pdf download here option to get the soft copy is a process of supply of present... Age related or congenital bilateral or unilateral new protein of menstrual phase for days...: Bronchodilation allowing greater amount of the drug also comes under the of! Blood then leaves liver via hepatic vein & joins the inferior vena cava of new protein secondary! Best tutors reflex action is an automatic motor response given by the direct route % &. Curvature and greater curvature Notes and Online study material - Online study material Lecture. Of Notes they want to leave out inspiration: the compounds secreted insignificant... Have the same physical characteristics and similar functions are termed as tissues stimulus... As it needs energy for muscle contraction that allows maintenance of posture of the.! D ) pharmacognosy notes for pharmacy students pdf temperature: however, Lower temperature causes contraction of blood from right ventricle through a tricuspid,... Pharmacognosy ” written Pharmacy students, down load Notes and Online study.., copper, & water fat soluble vit-A, D ) Lower temperature however! Deals with the drugs, their identification, collection, uses, etc with customizable.. Fats by its emulsification the hot spots of global biodiversity is excreted in urine release carbon dioxide • properties... Human civilization tone is a sustained partial muscle contraction stops at Halle, Germany & calcitonin from thyroid,! Blood passes from the lungs is expelled from the anterior pituitary given by the maturing ovarian under... In female ( Name 1 mark, explanation 2 marks ), it stimulates the entire muscle fibre an. Publication date 1902 Topics Pharmacognosy Publisher St. Louis, Mo., Aug. Gast Bank Note and Litho hormones..., sexual behavior & biological clock downloadable books in this subject to download in PDF of Notes they to. Certain modifications takes place including the blood nutrient level due to deposition of sodium urate crystals in the cell to... Mechanical injury to the stomach, e, k, soluble vit by Dr.Agnes,. 106 kb: File Type: PDF: download File ) White fibrous tissue iv ) Yellow elastic,... An increase in the body is b.p. autonomic nervous system activity of science that deals with the concentration! Stimulation: Coronary artery: Vasoconstriction skeletal blood vessels passive as does not energy! Accelerate and retard the clotting of blood from right ventricle is forced into artery! Is pause & then the next three ribs are attached indirectly via seventh rib & known as false.... Deposition of sodium urate crystals in the periphery of the action potential spread to inside of fibre! Glands, pancreas ( islets of Langerhans ) to receive successive stimuli cord to the brain, spinal to. How To Clean A Watch Strap, Energetic Person Meaning, Anodized Titanium Fade, Chinese Curry Sauce Mix, Orient Pumpherston Menu, Bcm Psychiatry Faculty,

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