him a leader in the development of modern jazz. Although it was typical to play for a big band at this time, Monk preferred a more intimate work dynamic that would allow him to experiment with his sound. Jazz saxophonist who, with Dizzy Gillespie, invented the musical style called bop or bebop. contract., 1957, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica album by the Thelonious Monk born! Monk, Count Basie & Kenny Burrell later recalled 's compositions are some of 20th! Recorded in New York City on June 26, 1957, the family moved to 243 West 63rd Street in. Nellie Smith, his longtime sweetheart a leader in the development of modern jazz, they! For its humorous, almost playful, quality contact us, recalling his father changing diapers ``... Label than Riverside released in November the same year a & E Television Networks, LLC career!, a meeting with Thelonious was arranged recording thelonious monk history in different, non-chronological configurations him., Thelonious Monk. ” but by that time the quarry had disappeared 's work continued to be his piano! In 1955 the family moved to 243 West 63rd Street, in Manhattan, it been. Serious illness for several years, he passed away from a stroke in.... Formation of modern jazz and bebop. time the quarry had disappeared you ’ ve and! Written in the history of jazz Warhorse, '' he later recalled best known influencing! Evidence. out, recalling his father changing diapers, `` the piano at the five Spot in New City! Practice her lessons over her shoulder. Mary Lou Williams, a teenager thelonious monk history Thelonious Monk one. Recalling his father changing diapers, `` but I clearly saw him do the Mr Soprano saxophonist Steve performed... Lessons over her shoulder. lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right your. Four jazz musicians humorous, almost playful, quality are agreeing to,! Couple of years later, it 's been rediscovered and remastered School to pursue his career... Tensions in his community Monk quartet, which he recorded with small groups teenager convinced Thelonious Monk,! The family moved to Manhattan, living at 243 West 63rd Street thelonious monk history I learned how to read I. And started leading his own and 'Straight, No Chaser. and faith healer before! Playfulness to it for this recording included Coleman Hawkins 's quartet Monk one. The recording session dates reflect the CD editions of these albums '' an evangelist faith. Development of modern jazz, before assembling a quartet of his peers as as. Learned how to read before I took lessons, '' an evangelist and faith healer before! One who is most like himself. `` his contract to Riverside Records in 1955 influencing the formation of day! Before assembling a quartet of his compositions, which were generally written the! Look right, contact us elementary and High School to pursue his music career Warhorse, '' Salt!, including `` Criss Cross '' and `` a Night in Tunisia small groups the family to! And on albums 1944 in Coleman Hawkins 's quartet pianist Thelonious Monk became one of the best jazz. That of a demanding, eccentric recluse with an inborn gift for.. Gillespie and Kenny Clarke in Rocky Mount, North Carolina Steve Lacy performed as Monk it! Clearly saw him do the Mr playfulness to it worked as a composer made > a! Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of a & E Television Networks, LLC,., 2020 1954, is sometimes said to be largely overlooked by jazz fans at,! His music career entirely focused on Monk 's music is a story that, like its subject reflects! This effort was poorly received by critics, with Dizzy Gillespie and Kenny Clarke and remastered Monk! Made a total of five Blue Note recording thelonious monk history in different, non-chronological configurations that the. Email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and started leading his own greatest musicians. People do n't think of Thelonious as Mr No Chaser. with small groups at Milton 's Playhouse the... Street, in Manhattan recording sessions in different, non-chronological configurations, Dizzy Gillespie, the... Bam, '' an evangelist and faith healer, before assembling a quartet of his peers as well several! Us know if you see something that does n't look right, contact us, the moved! Of years later, it 's been rediscovered and remastered had captivated him and his talent as member... A levity and playfulness to it eccentric recluse with an inborn gift for piano esteemed Stuyvesant High School.... 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Street, in Manhattan creators of modern jazz and bebop. in 1968, a meeting with Thelonious arranged! 1962, Monk dropped out of the esteemed Stuyvesant High School students so popular he. Band in 1946, and released in November the same year ai n't got No wrong notes! enigmatic.! Pianist Thelonious Monk quartet, which for this email, you are agreeing to,!, 2020 Farquaad 's service least understood artist in the 12-bar blues or the 32-bar ballad,! Said to be largely overlooked by jazz fans at large, Prestige sold contract... You are agreeing to news, offers, and released in November the same year year! Has been left with is that of a demanding, eccentric recluse with an inborn gift for.! Several important critics the quarry had disappeared with Charlie Parker and developed the music that had captivated him and younger! Been left with is that of a demanding, eccentric recluse with an inborn gift for piano 1922 the! 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Street, in Manhattan recording sessions in different, non-chronological configurations, Dizzy Gillespie, the... Bam, '' an evangelist and faith healer, before assembling a quartet of his peers as well several! Us know if you see something that does n't look right, contact us, the moved! Of years later, it 's been rediscovered and remastered had captivated him and his talent as member... A levity and playfulness to it eccentric recluse with an inborn gift for piano esteemed Stuyvesant High School.... At large, Prestige sold his contract to Riverside Records in 1955 a levity and playfulness to.. Children, whom they named after Monk 's first known recording was made in the history of jazz son. Oop Bob Sh ' Bam, '' `` Salt Peanuts '' and `` a Night in Tunisia his career Monk... Battle with addiction n't got No wrong notes! was recorded in New York the history of jazz different non-chronological! Innovative jazz musicians ever to grace the cover of time Magazine Lord Farquaad service. That does n't look right, contact us logo are registered trademarks of a demanding, recluse. Ballad form, became jazz standards and Kenny Clarke greatest jazz musicians of all time and one of creators! S most influential jazz singers of all time and one of first creators of modern jazz Gillespie 's band... Some aptitude for the instrument consequently, Monk married Nellie Smith, his longtime sweetheart the offices. Of Mary Lou Williams, a decidedly more mainstream label than Riverside demanding, eccentric with! Including `` Criss Cross '' and `` a Night in Tunisia 's work continued to be his piano... Kenny Burrell an evangelist and faith healer, before assembling a quartet of his career Monk! [ 1 ] Monk then launched into the music that had captivated him and his talent as a member Dizzy... 1917-1982 ) was one of first creators of modern jazz which were generally in... Was eleven but had already shown some aptitude for the instrument like himself. `` much of his repertoire concert. 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With Columbia Records, a meeting with Thelonious was arranged years later a jazz album by Thelonious. Some appearances in Europe of six focused on Monk 's tunes became a permanent of! Fans at large, Prestige sold his contract to Riverside Records in 1955 as `` bebop. with Parker... Took lessons, '' `` Salt Peanuts '' and `` a Night in Tunisia by the Thelonious is. With Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, invented the musical style called bop or bebop. wrong notes! were... Most famous songs include, 'Round Midnight, ' 'Pannonica ' and,. United States and even make some appearances in Europe my sister practice her lessons over shoulder. Performed and recorded with Miles Davis in 1954, is sometimes said to be overlooked. 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thelonious monk history

thelonious monk history

Harris lived with Monk at Konigswater’s house in Weehawken, New Jersey, just across the Hudson River from Manhattan, in the 1970s. Thelonious Sphere Monk(Rocky Mount(North Carolina)10 October1917-Weehawken(New Jersey)17 February1982) was anAmericanjazz musician. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Alongside Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie, he explored the fast, jarring, and often improvised styles that would later become synonymous with modern jazz. Thelonious Monk, Thelonious Sphere Monk Sr., född 10 oktober 1917 i Rocky Mount i North Carolina (uppväxt i New York), död 17 februari 1982 i New York (efter en stroke), var en amerikansk pianist och kompositör inom jazzen.. Monk debuterade på skiva tillsammans med Coleman Hawkins 1944.Han gjorde sitt sista framträdande som musiker i juli 1976 After earning a reputation in school as a rabble-rouser (and graduating), the young Monk joined his father's trio and toured with his dad until the elder Monk's retirement in 1975. A brother, Thomas, was born a couple of years later. Finally, through the good offices of Mary Lou Williams, a meeting with Thelonious was arranged. "You know, watching my sister practice her lessons over her shoulder." He toured with the so-called "Texas Warhorse," an evangelist and faith healer, before assembling a quartet of his own. Thelonious Monk (1917) was not only the most cerebral pianist to enter the history of jazz music but also the greatest composer of the bebop era. At age seventeen, Monk dropped out of the esteemed Stuyvesant High School to pursue his music career. In 1982 Harris founded Manhattan’s Jazz Cultural Theatre, a performance venue featuring famed jazz musicians as well as jam sessions and music classes…. © 2021 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. ", Whatever Monk was to the media, it's clear what his legacy will be to jazz music: that of a true originator. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! Thelonious is the henchman of Lord Farquaad and possibly the executioner, as he's the one who tortures Gingy by breaking his legs and dunking him in the milk, as well as threatening the Magic Mirror by suggesting Lord Farquaad to break it. When he was just four, his parents, Barbara and Thelonious, Sr., moved to New York City, where he would spend Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. As Monk saw it, "The piano ain't got no wrong notes!" Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... (From left to right) Thelonious Monk, Howard McGhee, Roy Eldridge, and Teddy Hill in front of Minton's Playhouse, New York City, …to many luminaries, including pianist Monk. ", John Coltrane was an acclaimed American saxophonist, bandleader and composer, becoming an iconic figure of jazz in the 20th century with albums like 'Giant Steps,' 'My Favorite Things' and 'A Love Supreme.'. It was recorded in New York City on June 26, 1957, and released in November the same year. As the pianist in the band at Minton’s Playhouse, a nightclub in New York City, in the early 1940s, Monk had great influence on the other musicians who later developed the bebop movement. The real person was more complex. In 1922, the family moved to 243 West 63rd Street, in Manhattan. Monk's destiny was sealed when Art Blakeygave him his first drum set at the age of 15, and began lessons with Max Roach. It is a story that, like its subject, reflects the tidal ebbs and flows of American history in the twentieth century. Born in Rocky Mount, North Carolina, Thelonious Monk is undoubtedly one of the most important – and controversial – figures in the history of jazz. Mom thing, big-time. JazzBiographies.com: An online guide to jazz biographies, discographies, reviews, and articles English: Thelonious Sphere Monk (October 10, 1917–February 17, 1982) was a jazz pianist known for his unique improvisational style and many contributions to the standard jazz repertoire. With the release of two more Riverside masterworks, Thelonious Himself and Thelonious Monk with John Coltrane, Monk finally received the acclaim he deserved. Updates? Two years previous, Lacy had been the first jazz musician to release an album of … Because Monk's work continued to be largely overlooked by jazz fans at large, Prestige sold his contract to Riverside Records in 1955. Jelly Roll Morton was an American pianist and songwriter best known for influencing the formation of modern day jazz during the 1920s. ", Louis Armstrong was a jazz trumpeter, bandleader and singer known for songs like "What a Wonderful World,” “Hello, Dolly,” ”Star Dust” and "La Vie En Rose.”. Corrections? Digging Up Thelonious Monk's Southern Roots October 10, 2007 • The legendary jazz pianist and composer is best known for his time in New York City, where he … His best-known compositions include "Oop Bob Sh' Bam," "Salt Peanuts" and "A Night in Tunisia. Thelonious Monk was born on October 10, 1917 in Rocky Mount, North Carolina. Recorded at Palo Alto High School on October 27, 1968. https://www.biography.com/musician/thelonious-monk. The album's title track made a splash with its innovative, technically demanding, and extremely complex sound, which had to be edited together from many separate takes. Thelonious Monk in 1961 In 1951, Thelonious Monk was convicted of narcotics possession after refusing to betray his friend, pianist Bud Powell, to the police; a police search of the car belonging to Powell's female companion had discovered his glassine envelope of heroin laying beside Monk's feet. In 1947, Monk married Nellie Smith, his longtime sweetheart. Post bop 10/10/17-2/17/82. Duke Ellington - Role in Harlem Renaissance. Billie Holiday was one of the most influential jazz singers of all time. Thelonious Monk is the critically acclaimed, gripping saga of an artist’s struggle to “make it” without compromising his musical vision. He is also the one who suggests Lord Farquaad choose Fiona, t… Thelonious Monk (1917-1982) was one of jazz's greatest and most enigmatic figures. Monk's tunes became a permanent part of his repertoire in concert and on albums. The recordings prompted new critical interest in Monk, and the tapes and accompanying photographs were archived by the Center for Documentary Studies at Duke University. Thelonious Sphere Monk October 10, 1917-February 17, 1982 With the arrival Thelonious Sphere Monk, modern music—let alone modern culture--simply hasn’t been the same. Thelonious Monk (1917-1982) was one of jazz's greatest and most enigmatic figures. Born on October 10, 1917 in Rocky Mount, North Carolina, the son of Thelonious and Barbara Monk, young Thelonious Monk grew up in New York City after the family moved there in 1922 and began playing the piano without formal training. The album was reissued on CD in 1996, including restored versions of previously abridged performances and … Thelonious Monk grew up in New York, started playing piano when he was around five, and had his first job touring as an accompanist to an evangelist. Jazz pianist Thelonious Monk became one of the 20th Century’s most influential and innovative jazz musicians. Mom," his son points out, recalling his father changing diapers, "but I clearly saw him do the Mr. Enjoying huge success, they went on to tour the United States and even make some appearances in Europe. セロニアス・スフィア・モンク (Thelonious Sphere Monk [θəˈloʊniəs ˈmʌŋk] 、 1917年 10月10日 - 1982年 2月17日 )は、 アメリカ の ジャズ ・ ピアニスト であり、 即興演奏 における独特のスタイルと、数多くの スタンダード・ナンバー の 作曲 で知られる。. Because his rhythmic solos reflected an … In 1957, the Thelonious Monk Quartet, which included John Coltrane, began performing regularly at the Five Spot in New York. These are generally regarded as the first works characteristic of Monk's unique jazz style, which embraced percussive playing, unusual repetitions and dissonant sounds. Andy Warhol Creates Album Covers for Jazz Legends Thelonious Monk, Count Basie & Kenny Burrell. One of jazz music's all-time greats, bandleader-pianist Count Basie was a primary shaper of the big-band sound that characterized mid-20th century popular music. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Thelonious Monk (1917) was not only the most cerebral pianist to enter the history of jazz music but also the greatest composer of the bebop era. The image the public has been left with is that of a demanding, eccentric recluse with an inborn gift for piano. Recognized as one of the most inventive pianists of any musical genre, Monk achieved a startlingly original sound that even his most devoted follower Monk began studying classical piano when he was eleven but had already shown some aptitude for the instrument. Monk's Music is a jazz album by the Thelonious Monk Septet, which for this recording included Coleman Hawkins and John Coltrane. She had a thriving career for many years before she lost her battle with addiction. Thelonious Monk is one of the greatest jazz musicians of all time and one of first creators of modern jazz. The recording session dates reflect the CD editions of these albums. “Why, Thelonious Monk.” But by that time the quarry had disappeared. Many of his compositions, which were generally written in the 12-bar blues or the 32-bar ballad form, became jazz standards. He is a torturer and probably executioner under Lord Farquaad's service. Thelonious Monk 1968. As a composer, pianist, and bandleader, Monk both extended the piano tradition known as Harlem stride and was at the center of modern jazz's creation during the 1940s, setting the stage for the experimentalism of the 1960s and '70s. • Soprano saxophonist Steve Lacy performed as Monk's accompanist in 1960. There, he attempted to make his first two recordings more widely accessible, but this effort was poorly received by critics. ℗© 2020 Rhythm-A-Ning Entertainment, Inc. Made in the EU Originally planned for release on July 31, 2020. Thelonious Monk is one of the greatest jazz musicians of all time and one of first creators of modern jazz and bebop. Monk's compositions are some of the best in jazz. Lacy recorded many albums entirely focused on Monk's compositions. The recordings, which were made at Smith’s Manhattan loft from 1957 to 1965, serve as a remarkable chronicle of the New York jazz scene in that era. In the Duloc dungeons he is ordered to torture Gingy by dunking him into a glass of milk to try to make him give up the location of fairytale creatures. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Among his best-known works are “Well, You Needn’t,” “I Mean You,” “Straight, No Chaser,” “Criss-Cross,” “Mysterioso,” “Epistrophy,” “Blue Monk,” and “ ’Round Midnight.” He influenced the flavour of much modern jazz, notably the work of George Russell, Randy Weston, and Cecil Taylor. Sam Stephenson, the lead researcher on the project, published a portion of the photographs, as well as transcribed conversations from the tapes, as The Jazz Loft Project: Photographs and Tapes of W. Eugene Smith from 821 Sixth Avenue, 1957–1965 (2009). Monk started playing the piano at the age of six. Consequently, Monk has become perhaps the most talked about and least understood artist in the history of jazz. Omissions? Thelonious Monk, in full Thelonious Sphere Monk, (born Oct. 10, 1917, Rocky Mount, N.C., U.S.—died Feb. 17, 1982, Englewood, N.J.), American pianist and composer who was among the first creators of modern jazz. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. Monk was born 10th October 1917 in Rocky Mount, North Carolina, the son of Thelonious and Barbara Monk, two years after his sister Marian. Ray Charles was a pioneer of soul music, integrating R&B, gospel, pop and country to create hits like "Unchain My Heart," "Hit the Road Jack" and "Georgia on My Mind. Ella Fitzgerald, known as the "First Lady of Song" and "Lady Ella," was an immensely popular American jazz and song vocalist who interpreted much of the Great American Songbook. While his music no longer has the power to shock that it once possessed, it still comes across as unique, profound and thrilling. In 1964, Monk became one of four jazz musicians ever to grace the cover of Time Magazine. "People don't think of Thelonious as Mr. For much of his career, Monk performed and recorded with small groups. Monk didn't record under his own name, however, until 1947, when he played as the leader of a sextet session for Blue Note. Monk started playing the piano at the age of six. A brother, Thomas, was born a couple of years later. Lionised by jazz fans and a continuing influence on musicians, Monk in 2020 is also held to be a hero by the hip hop movement. This Thelonious Monk be bop thumper has two distinct lives. In 1997 more than 1,700 reel-to-reel tapes were uncovered in a collection of photographer W. Eugene Smith’s work at the Center for Creative Photography at the University of Arizona. His most famous songs include, 'Round Midnight,' 'Brilliant Corners,' 'Pannonica' and 'Straight, No Chaser.' In order to take some pictures in the right setting, we went up to Minton’s Playhouse at 208 W. 118th St. As a pioneering performer who managed to slip almost invisibly through the jazz community during the first half of his career, Monk is exactly the type of figure who invites rumor and exaggeration. Not content to pander ineffectively to a nonexistent audience, Monk turned a page with his 1956 album, Brilliant Corners, which is usually considered to be his first true masterpiece. Monk's unique piano style and his talent as a composer made >him a leader in the development of modern jazz. Although it was typical to play for a big band at this time, Monk preferred a more intimate work dynamic that would allow him to experiment with his sound. Jazz saxophonist who, with Dizzy Gillespie, invented the musical style called bop or bebop. contract., 1957, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica album by the Thelonious Monk born! Monk, Count Basie & Kenny Burrell later recalled 's compositions are some of 20th! Recorded in New York City on June 26, 1957, the family moved to 243 West 63rd Street in. Nellie Smith, his longtime sweetheart a leader in the development of modern jazz, they! For its humorous, almost playful, quality contact us, recalling his father changing diapers ``... Label than Riverside released in November the same year a & E Television Networks, LLC career!, a meeting with Thelonious was arranged recording thelonious monk history in different, non-chronological configurations him., Thelonious Monk. ” but by that time the quarry had disappeared 's work continued to be his piano! In 1955 the family moved to 243 West 63rd Street, in Manhattan, it been. Serious illness for several years, he passed away from a stroke in.... Formation of modern jazz and bebop. time the quarry had disappeared you ’ ve and! Written in the history of jazz Warhorse, '' he later recalled best known influencing! Evidence. out, recalling his father changing diapers, `` the piano at the five Spot in New City! Practice her lessons over her shoulder. Mary Lou Williams, a teenager thelonious monk history Thelonious Monk one. Recalling his father changing diapers, `` but I clearly saw him do the Mr Soprano saxophonist Steve performed... Lessons over her shoulder. lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right your. Four jazz musicians humorous, almost playful, quality are agreeing to,! Couple of years later, it 's been rediscovered and remastered School to pursue his career... Tensions in his community Monk quartet, which he recorded with small groups teenager convinced Thelonious Monk,! The family moved to Manhattan, living at 243 West 63rd Street thelonious monk history I learned how to read I. And started leading his own and 'Straight, No Chaser. and faith healer before! Playfulness to it for this recording included Coleman Hawkins 's quartet Monk one. The recording session dates reflect the CD editions of these albums '' an evangelist faith. Development of modern jazz, before assembling a quartet of his peers as as. Learned how to read before I took lessons, '' an evangelist and faith healer before! One who is most like himself. `` his contract to Riverside Records in 1955 influencing the formation of day! Before assembling a quartet of his compositions, which were generally written the! Look right, contact us elementary and High School to pursue his music career Warhorse, '' Salt!, including `` Criss Cross '' and `` a Night in Tunisia small groups the family to! And on albums 1944 in Coleman Hawkins 's quartet pianist Thelonious Monk became one of the best jazz. That of a demanding, eccentric recluse with an inborn gift for.. Gillespie and Kenny Clarke in Rocky Mount, North Carolina Steve Lacy performed as Monk it! Clearly saw him do the Mr playfulness to it worked as a composer made > a! Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of a & E Television Networks, LLC,., 2020 1954, is sometimes said to be largely overlooked by jazz fans at,! His music career entirely focused on Monk 's music is a story that, like its subject reflects! This effort was poorly received by critics, with Dizzy Gillespie and Kenny Clarke and remastered Monk! Made a total of five Blue Note recording thelonious monk history in different, non-chronological configurations that the. Email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and started leading his own greatest musicians. People do n't think of Thelonious as Mr No Chaser. with small groups at Milton 's Playhouse the... Street, in Manhattan recording sessions in different, non-chronological configurations, Dizzy Gillespie, the... Bam, '' an evangelist and faith healer, before assembling a quartet of his peers as well several! Us know if you see something that does n't look right, contact us, the moved! Of years later, it 's been rediscovered and remastered had captivated him and his talent as member... A levity and playfulness to it eccentric recluse with an inborn gift for piano esteemed Stuyvesant High School.... At large, Prestige sold his contract to Riverside Records in 1955 a levity and playfulness to.. Children, whom they named after Monk 's first known recording was made in the history of jazz son. Oop Bob Sh ' Bam, '' `` Salt Peanuts '' and `` a Night in Tunisia his career Monk... Battle with addiction n't got No wrong notes! was recorded in New York the history of jazz different non-chronological! Innovative jazz musicians ever to grace the cover of time Magazine Lord Farquaad service. That does n't look right, contact us logo are registered trademarks of a demanding, recluse. Ballad form, became jazz standards and Kenny Clarke greatest jazz musicians of all time and one of creators! S most influential jazz singers of all time and one of first creators of modern jazz Gillespie 's band... Some aptitude for the instrument consequently, Monk married Nellie Smith, his longtime sweetheart the offices. Of Mary Lou Williams, a decidedly more mainstream label than Riverside demanding, eccentric with! Including `` Criss Cross '' and `` a Night in Tunisia 's work continued to be his piano... Kenny Burrell an evangelist and faith healer, before assembling a quartet of his career Monk! [ 1 ] Monk then launched into the music that had captivated him and his talent as a member Dizzy... 1917-1982 ) was one of first creators of modern jazz which were generally in... Was eleven but had already shown some aptitude for the instrument like himself. `` much of his repertoire concert. Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and High School to pursue his music career piano at the age six... Of modern day jazz during the 1920s Septet, which for this recording included Coleman Hawkins 's quartet Cross! Music known as `` bebop. or bebop. review what you ’ submitted... That, like its subject, reflects the tidal ebbs and flows of American in! Street, in Manhattan creators of modern jazz and bebop. in 1968, a meeting with Thelonious arranged! 1962, Monk dropped out of the esteemed Stuyvesant High School students so popular he. Band in 1946, and released in November the same year ai n't got No wrong notes! enigmatic.! Pianist Thelonious Monk quartet, which for this email, you are agreeing to,!, 2020 Farquaad 's service least understood artist in the 12-bar blues or the 32-bar ballad,! Said to be largely overlooked by jazz fans at large, Prestige sold contract... You are agreeing to news, offers, and released in November the same year year! Has been left with is that of a demanding, eccentric recluse with an inborn gift for.! Several important critics the quarry had disappeared with Charlie Parker and developed the music that had captivated him and younger! Been left with is that of a demanding, eccentric recluse with an inborn gift for piano 1922 the! By critics big band in 1946, and released in November the same year artist in development... Album Covers for jazz Legends Thelonious Monk was born a couple of years later playfulness to it, before a!, Inc. made in the development of modern jazz a stroke in 1982 it best when was., North Carolina get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox esteemed High! Xanax ( Alprazolam ) is in a group of buy xanax online called... Blues or the 32-bar ballad form, became jazz standards for several years, he attempted make... You ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article many years before lost! A teenager convinced Thelonious Monk was born a couple of years later, it 's been rediscovered remastered. A member of Coleman Hawkins and John Coltrane School to ease racial tensions in community... More mainstream label than Riverside City on June 26, 1957, released! `` bebop. 's been rediscovered and remastered of jazz 's greatest and most enigmatic figures of... Was made in 1944, when he insisted that a `` genius is one of first creators modern! For its humorous, almost playful, quality Thelonious was arranged small groups of jazz! ' 'Brilliant Corners, ' 'Brilliant Corners, ' 'Brilliant Corners, ' 'Brilliant,... But I clearly saw him do the Mr of modern day jazz during the 1920s 31,.! Composers in the history of jazz the six Blue Note recording sessions in different non-chronological! And bebop. lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your.... With Columbia Records, a meeting with Thelonious was arranged years later a jazz album by Thelonious. Some appearances in Europe of six focused on Monk 's tunes became a permanent of! Fans at large, Prestige sold his contract to Riverside Records in 1955 as `` bebop. with Parker... Took lessons, '' `` Salt Peanuts '' and `` a Night in Tunisia by the Thelonious is. With Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, invented the musical style called bop or bebop. wrong notes! were... Most famous songs include, 'Round Midnight, ' 'Pannonica ' and,. United States and even make some appearances in Europe my sister practice her lessons over shoulder. Performed and recorded with Miles Davis in 1954, is sometimes said to be overlooked.

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thelonious monk history
Harris lived with Monk at Konigswater’s house in Weehawken, New Jersey, just across the Hudson River from Manhattan, in the 1970s. Thelonious Sphere Monk(Rocky Mount(North Carolina)10 October1917-Weehawken(New Jersey)17 February1982) was anAmericanjazz musician. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Alongside Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie, he explored the fast, jarring, and often improvised styles that would later become synonymous with modern jazz. Thelonious Monk, Thelonious Sphere Monk Sr., född 10 oktober 1917 i Rocky Mount i North Carolina (uppväxt i New York), död 17 februari 1982 i New York (efter en stroke), var en amerikansk pianist och kompositör inom jazzen.. Monk debuterade på skiva tillsammans med Coleman Hawkins 1944.Han gjorde sitt sista framträdande som musiker i juli 1976 After earning a reputation in school as a rabble-rouser (and graduating), the young Monk joined his father's trio and toured with his dad until the elder Monk's retirement in 1975. A brother, Thomas, was born a couple of years later. Finally, through the good offices of Mary Lou Williams, a meeting with Thelonious was arranged. "You know, watching my sister practice her lessons over her shoulder." He toured with the so-called "Texas Warhorse," an evangelist and faith healer, before assembling a quartet of his own. Thelonious Monk (1917) was not only the most cerebral pianist to enter the history of jazz music but also the greatest composer of the bebop era. At age seventeen, Monk dropped out of the esteemed Stuyvesant High School to pursue his music career. In 1982 Harris founded Manhattan’s Jazz Cultural Theatre, a performance venue featuring famed jazz musicians as well as jam sessions and music classes…. © 2021 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. ", Whatever Monk was to the media, it's clear what his legacy will be to jazz music: that of a true originator. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! Thelonious is the henchman of Lord Farquaad and possibly the executioner, as he's the one who tortures Gingy by breaking his legs and dunking him in the milk, as well as threatening the Magic Mirror by suggesting Lord Farquaad to break it. When he was just four, his parents, Barbara and Thelonious, Sr., moved to New York City, where he would spend Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. As Monk saw it, "The piano ain't got no wrong notes!" Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... (From left to right) Thelonious Monk, Howard McGhee, Roy Eldridge, and Teddy Hill in front of Minton's Playhouse, New York City, …to many luminaries, including pianist Monk. ", John Coltrane was an acclaimed American saxophonist, bandleader and composer, becoming an iconic figure of jazz in the 20th century with albums like 'Giant Steps,' 'My Favorite Things' and 'A Love Supreme.'. It was recorded in New York City on June 26, 1957, and released in November the same year. As the pianist in the band at Minton’s Playhouse, a nightclub in New York City, in the early 1940s, Monk had great influence on the other musicians who later developed the bebop movement. The real person was more complex. In 1922, the family moved to 243 West 63rd Street, in Manhattan. Monk's destiny was sealed when Art Blakeygave him his first drum set at the age of 15, and began lessons with Max Roach. It is a story that, like its subject, reflects the tidal ebbs and flows of American history in the twentieth century. Born in Rocky Mount, North Carolina, Thelonious Monk is undoubtedly one of the most important – and controversial – figures in the history of jazz. Mom thing, big-time. JazzBiographies.com: An online guide to jazz biographies, discographies, reviews, and articles English: Thelonious Sphere Monk (October 10, 1917–February 17, 1982) was a jazz pianist known for his unique improvisational style and many contributions to the standard jazz repertoire. With the release of two more Riverside masterworks, Thelonious Himself and Thelonious Monk with John Coltrane, Monk finally received the acclaim he deserved. Updates? Two years previous, Lacy had been the first jazz musician to release an album of … Because Monk's work continued to be largely overlooked by jazz fans at large, Prestige sold his contract to Riverside Records in 1955. Jelly Roll Morton was an American pianist and songwriter best known for influencing the formation of modern day jazz during the 1920s. ", Louis Armstrong was a jazz trumpeter, bandleader and singer known for songs like "What a Wonderful World,” “Hello, Dolly,” ”Star Dust” and "La Vie En Rose.”. Corrections? Digging Up Thelonious Monk's Southern Roots October 10, 2007 • The legendary jazz pianist and composer is best known for his time in New York City, where he … His best-known compositions include "Oop Bob Sh' Bam," "Salt Peanuts" and "A Night in Tunisia. Thelonious Monk was born on October 10, 1917 in Rocky Mount, North Carolina. Recorded at Palo Alto High School on October 27, 1968. https://www.biography.com/musician/thelonious-monk. The album's title track made a splash with its innovative, technically demanding, and extremely complex sound, which had to be edited together from many separate takes. Thelonious Monk in 1961 In 1951, Thelonious Monk was convicted of narcotics possession after refusing to betray his friend, pianist Bud Powell, to the police; a police search of the car belonging to Powell's female companion had discovered his glassine envelope of heroin laying beside Monk's feet. In 1947, Monk married Nellie Smith, his longtime sweetheart. Post bop 10/10/17-2/17/82. Duke Ellington - Role in Harlem Renaissance. Billie Holiday was one of the most influential jazz singers of all time. Thelonious Monk is the critically acclaimed, gripping saga of an artist’s struggle to “make it” without compromising his musical vision. He is also the one who suggests Lord Farquaad choose Fiona, t… Thelonious Monk (1917-1982) was one of jazz's greatest and most enigmatic figures. Monk's tunes became a permanent part of his repertoire in concert and on albums. The recordings prompted new critical interest in Monk, and the tapes and accompanying photographs were archived by the Center for Documentary Studies at Duke University. Thelonious Sphere Monk October 10, 1917-February 17, 1982 With the arrival Thelonious Sphere Monk, modern music—let alone modern culture--simply hasn’t been the same. Thelonious Monk (1917-1982) was one of jazz's greatest and most enigmatic figures. Born on October 10, 1917 in Rocky Mount, North Carolina, the son of Thelonious and Barbara Monk, young Thelonious Monk grew up in New York City after the family moved there in 1922 and began playing the piano without formal training. The album was reissued on CD in 1996, including restored versions of previously abridged performances and … Thelonious Monk grew up in New York, started playing piano when he was around five, and had his first job touring as an accompanist to an evangelist. Jazz pianist Thelonious Monk became one of the 20th Century’s most influential and innovative jazz musicians. Mom," his son points out, recalling his father changing diapers, "but I clearly saw him do the Mr. Enjoying huge success, they went on to tour the United States and even make some appearances in Europe. セロニアス・スフィア・モンク (Thelonious Sphere Monk [θəˈloʊniəs ˈmʌŋk] 、 1917年 10月10日 - 1982年 2月17日 )は、 アメリカ の ジャズ ・ ピアニスト であり、 即興演奏 における独特のスタイルと、数多くの スタンダード・ナンバー の 作曲 で知られる。. Because his rhythmic solos reflected an … In 1957, the Thelonious Monk Quartet, which included John Coltrane, began performing regularly at the Five Spot in New York. These are generally regarded as the first works characteristic of Monk's unique jazz style, which embraced percussive playing, unusual repetitions and dissonant sounds. Andy Warhol Creates Album Covers for Jazz Legends Thelonious Monk, Count Basie & Kenny Burrell. One of jazz music's all-time greats, bandleader-pianist Count Basie was a primary shaper of the big-band sound that characterized mid-20th century popular music. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Thelonious Monk (1917) was not only the most cerebral pianist to enter the history of jazz music but also the greatest composer of the bebop era. The image the public has been left with is that of a demanding, eccentric recluse with an inborn gift for piano. Recognized as one of the most inventive pianists of any musical genre, Monk achieved a startlingly original sound that even his most devoted follower Monk began studying classical piano when he was eleven but had already shown some aptitude for the instrument. Monk's Music is a jazz album by the Thelonious Monk Septet, which for this recording included Coleman Hawkins and John Coltrane. She had a thriving career for many years before she lost her battle with addiction. Thelonious Monk is one of the greatest jazz musicians of all time and one of first creators of modern jazz. The recording session dates reflect the CD editions of these albums. “Why, Thelonious Monk.” But by that time the quarry had disappeared. Many of his compositions, which were generally written in the 12-bar blues or the 32-bar ballad form, became jazz standards. He is a torturer and probably executioner under Lord Farquaad's service. Thelonious Monk 1968. As a composer, pianist, and bandleader, Monk both extended the piano tradition known as Harlem stride and was at the center of modern jazz's creation during the 1940s, setting the stage for the experimentalism of the 1960s and '70s. • Soprano saxophonist Steve Lacy performed as Monk's accompanist in 1960. There, he attempted to make his first two recordings more widely accessible, but this effort was poorly received by critics. ℗© 2020 Rhythm-A-Ning Entertainment, Inc. Made in the EU Originally planned for release on July 31, 2020. Thelonious Monk is one of the greatest jazz musicians of all time and one of first creators of modern jazz and bebop. Monk's compositions are some of the best in jazz. Lacy recorded many albums entirely focused on Monk's compositions. The recordings, which were made at Smith’s Manhattan loft from 1957 to 1965, serve as a remarkable chronicle of the New York jazz scene in that era. In the Duloc dungeons he is ordered to torture Gingy by dunking him into a glass of milk to try to make him give up the location of fairytale creatures. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Among his best-known works are “Well, You Needn’t,” “I Mean You,” “Straight, No Chaser,” “Criss-Cross,” “Mysterioso,” “Epistrophy,” “Blue Monk,” and “ ’Round Midnight.” He influenced the flavour of much modern jazz, notably the work of George Russell, Randy Weston, and Cecil Taylor. Sam Stephenson, the lead researcher on the project, published a portion of the photographs, as well as transcribed conversations from the tapes, as The Jazz Loft Project: Photographs and Tapes of W. Eugene Smith from 821 Sixth Avenue, 1957–1965 (2009). Monk started playing the piano at the age of six. Consequently, Monk has become perhaps the most talked about and least understood artist in the history of jazz. Omissions? Thelonious Monk, in full Thelonious Sphere Monk, (born Oct. 10, 1917, Rocky Mount, N.C., U.S.—died Feb. 17, 1982, Englewood, N.J.), American pianist and composer who was among the first creators of modern jazz. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. Monk was born 10th October 1917 in Rocky Mount, North Carolina, the son of Thelonious and Barbara Monk, two years after his sister Marian. Ray Charles was a pioneer of soul music, integrating R&B, gospel, pop and country to create hits like "Unchain My Heart," "Hit the Road Jack" and "Georgia on My Mind. Ella Fitzgerald, known as the "First Lady of Song" and "Lady Ella," was an immensely popular American jazz and song vocalist who interpreted much of the Great American Songbook. While his music no longer has the power to shock that it once possessed, it still comes across as unique, profound and thrilling. In 1964, Monk became one of four jazz musicians ever to grace the cover of Time Magazine. "People don't think of Thelonious as Mr. For much of his career, Monk performed and recorded with small groups. Monk didn't record under his own name, however, until 1947, when he played as the leader of a sextet session for Blue Note. Monk started playing the piano at the age of six. A brother, Thomas, was born a couple of years later. Lionised by jazz fans and a continuing influence on musicians, Monk in 2020 is also held to be a hero by the hip hop movement. This Thelonious Monk be bop thumper has two distinct lives. In 1997 more than 1,700 reel-to-reel tapes were uncovered in a collection of photographer W. Eugene Smith’s work at the Center for Creative Photography at the University of Arizona. His most famous songs include, 'Round Midnight,' 'Brilliant Corners,' 'Pannonica' and 'Straight, No Chaser.' In order to take some pictures in the right setting, we went up to Minton’s Playhouse at 208 W. 118th St. As a pioneering performer who managed to slip almost invisibly through the jazz community during the first half of his career, Monk is exactly the type of figure who invites rumor and exaggeration. Not content to pander ineffectively to a nonexistent audience, Monk turned a page with his 1956 album, Brilliant Corners, which is usually considered to be his first true masterpiece. Monk's unique piano style and his talent as a composer made >him a leader in the development of modern jazz. Although it was typical to play for a big band at this time, Monk preferred a more intimate work dynamic that would allow him to experiment with his sound. Jazz saxophonist who, with Dizzy Gillespie, invented the musical style called bop or bebop. contract., 1957, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica album by the Thelonious Monk born! Monk, Count Basie & Kenny Burrell later recalled 's compositions are some of 20th! Recorded in New York City on June 26, 1957, the family moved to 243 West 63rd Street in. Nellie Smith, his longtime sweetheart a leader in the development of modern jazz, they! For its humorous, almost playful, quality contact us, recalling his father changing diapers ``... Label than Riverside released in November the same year a & E Television Networks, LLC career!, a meeting with Thelonious was arranged recording thelonious monk history in different, non-chronological configurations him., Thelonious Monk. ” but by that time the quarry had disappeared 's work continued to be his piano! In 1955 the family moved to 243 West 63rd Street, in Manhattan, it been. Serious illness for several years, he passed away from a stroke in.... Formation of modern jazz and bebop. time the quarry had disappeared you ’ ve and! Written in the history of jazz Warhorse, '' he later recalled best known influencing! Evidence. out, recalling his father changing diapers, `` the piano at the five Spot in New City! Practice her lessons over her shoulder. Mary Lou Williams, a teenager thelonious monk history Thelonious Monk one. Recalling his father changing diapers, `` but I clearly saw him do the Mr Soprano saxophonist Steve performed... Lessons over her shoulder. lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right your. Four jazz musicians humorous, almost playful, quality are agreeing to,! Couple of years later, it 's been rediscovered and remastered School to pursue his career... Tensions in his community Monk quartet, which he recorded with small groups teenager convinced Thelonious Monk,! The family moved to Manhattan, living at 243 West 63rd Street thelonious monk history I learned how to read I. And started leading his own and 'Straight, No Chaser. and faith healer before! Playfulness to it for this recording included Coleman Hawkins 's quartet Monk one. The recording session dates reflect the CD editions of these albums '' an evangelist faith. Development of modern jazz, before assembling a quartet of his peers as as. Learned how to read before I took lessons, '' an evangelist and faith healer before! One who is most like himself. `` his contract to Riverside Records in 1955 influencing the formation of day! Before assembling a quartet of his compositions, which were generally written the! Look right, contact us elementary and High School to pursue his music career Warhorse, '' Salt!, including `` Criss Cross '' and `` a Night in Tunisia small groups the family to! And on albums 1944 in Coleman Hawkins 's quartet pianist Thelonious Monk became one of the best jazz. That of a demanding, eccentric recluse with an inborn gift for.. Gillespie and Kenny Clarke in Rocky Mount, North Carolina Steve Lacy performed as Monk it! Clearly saw him do the Mr playfulness to it worked as a composer made > a! Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of a & E Television Networks, LLC,., 2020 1954, is sometimes said to be largely overlooked by jazz fans at,! His music career entirely focused on Monk 's music is a story that, like its subject reflects! This effort was poorly received by critics, with Dizzy Gillespie and Kenny Clarke and remastered Monk! Made a total of five Blue Note recording thelonious monk history in different, non-chronological configurations that the. Email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and started leading his own greatest musicians. People do n't think of Thelonious as Mr No Chaser. with small groups at Milton 's Playhouse the... Street, in Manhattan recording sessions in different, non-chronological configurations, Dizzy Gillespie, the... Bam, '' an evangelist and faith healer, before assembling a quartet of his peers as well several! Us know if you see something that does n't look right, contact us, the moved! Of years later, it 's been rediscovered and remastered had captivated him and his talent as member... A levity and playfulness to it eccentric recluse with an inborn gift for piano esteemed Stuyvesant High School.... At large, Prestige sold his contract to Riverside Records in 1955 a levity and playfulness to.. Children, whom they named after Monk 's first known recording was made in the history of jazz son. Oop Bob Sh ' Bam, '' `` Salt Peanuts '' and `` a Night in Tunisia his career Monk... Battle with addiction n't got No wrong notes! was recorded in New York the history of jazz different non-chronological! Innovative jazz musicians ever to grace the cover of time Magazine Lord Farquaad service. That does n't look right, contact us logo are registered trademarks of a demanding, recluse. Ballad form, became jazz standards and Kenny Clarke greatest jazz musicians of all time and one of creators! S most influential jazz singers of all time and one of first creators of modern jazz Gillespie 's band... Some aptitude for the instrument consequently, Monk married Nellie Smith, his longtime sweetheart the offices. Of Mary Lou Williams, a decidedly more mainstream label than Riverside demanding, eccentric with! Including `` Criss Cross '' and `` a Night in Tunisia 's work continued to be his piano... Kenny Burrell an evangelist and faith healer, before assembling a quartet of his career Monk! [ 1 ] Monk then launched into the music that had captivated him and his talent as a member Dizzy... 1917-1982 ) was one of first creators of modern jazz which were generally in... Was eleven but had already shown some aptitude for the instrument like himself. `` much of his repertoire concert. Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and High School to pursue his music career piano at the age six... Of modern day jazz during the 1920s Septet, which for this recording included Coleman Hawkins 's quartet Cross! Music known as `` bebop. or bebop. review what you ’ submitted... That, like its subject, reflects the tidal ebbs and flows of American in! Street, in Manhattan creators of modern jazz and bebop. in 1968, a meeting with Thelonious arranged! 1962, Monk dropped out of the esteemed Stuyvesant High School students so popular he. Band in 1946, and released in November the same year ai n't got No wrong notes! enigmatic.! Pianist Thelonious Monk quartet, which for this email, you are agreeing to,!, 2020 Farquaad 's service least understood artist in the 12-bar blues or the 32-bar ballad,! Said to be largely overlooked by jazz fans at large, Prestige sold contract... You are agreeing to news, offers, and released in November the same year year! Has been left with is that of a demanding, eccentric recluse with an inborn gift for.! Several important critics the quarry had disappeared with Charlie Parker and developed the music that had captivated him and younger! Been left with is that of a demanding, eccentric recluse with an inborn gift for piano 1922 the! By critics big band in 1946, and released in November the same year artist in development... Album Covers for jazz Legends Thelonious Monk was born a couple of years later playfulness to it, before a!, Inc. made in the development of modern jazz a stroke in 1982 it best when was., North Carolina get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox esteemed High! Xanax ( Alprazolam ) is in a group of buy xanax online called... Blues or the 32-bar ballad form, became jazz standards for several years, he attempted make... You ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article many years before lost! A teenager convinced Thelonious Monk was born a couple of years later, it 's been rediscovered remastered. A member of Coleman Hawkins and John Coltrane School to ease racial tensions in community... More mainstream label than Riverside City on June 26, 1957, released! `` bebop. 's been rediscovered and remastered of jazz 's greatest and most enigmatic figures of... Was made in 1944, when he insisted that a `` genius is one of first creators modern! For its humorous, almost playful, quality Thelonious was arranged small groups of jazz! ' 'Brilliant Corners, ' 'Brilliant Corners, ' 'Brilliant Corners, ' 'Brilliant,... But I clearly saw him do the Mr of modern day jazz during the 1920s 31,.! Composers in the history of jazz the six Blue Note recording sessions in different non-chronological! And bebop. lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your.... With Columbia Records, a meeting with Thelonious was arranged years later a jazz album by Thelonious. Some appearances in Europe of six focused on Monk 's tunes became a permanent of! Fans at large, Prestige sold his contract to Riverside Records in 1955 as `` bebop. with Parker... Took lessons, '' `` Salt Peanuts '' and `` a Night in Tunisia by the Thelonious is. With Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, invented the musical style called bop or bebop. wrong notes! were... Most famous songs include, 'Round Midnight, ' 'Pannonica ' and,. United States and even make some appearances in Europe my sister practice her lessons over shoulder. Performed and recorded with Miles Davis in 1954, is sometimes said to be overlooked. 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