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was neil kinnock ever prime minister

was neil kinnock ever prime minister

Kinnock announced his resignation as Labour Party leader on 13 April 1992, ending nearly a decade in the role. Kinnock attacked Militant and their conduct in a speech delivered at the conference: I'll tell you what happens with impossible promises. After Labour Listens, the party went on, in 1988, to produce a new statement of aims and values—meant to supplement and supplant the formulation of Clause IV of the party's constitution (though, crucially, this was not actually replaced until 1995 under the leadership of Tony Blair) and was closely modelled on Anthony Crosland's social-democratic thinking—emphasising equality rather than public ownership. Kinnock had a long career in British politics, though like Biden to date, at least, he never reached the top position in government. He was an enthusiastic supporter of Ed Miliband's campaign for leadership of the Labour Party in 2010, and was reported as telling activists, when Miliband won, "We've got our party back" – although Miliband, like Kinnock, failed to lead the party back into government, and resigned after the Conservatives were re-elected with a slim majority in 2015. They have two children. [36], At the 1992 general election, Labour made considerable progress – reducing the Conservatives' majority to just 21 seats. Who should have been Prime Minster but never got the chance? Kinnock has often referred to himself as a "unionist", he was controversially dismissive of Welsh identity, stating that "between the mid-sixteenth century and the mid-eighteenth century Wales had practically no history at all, and even before that it was the history of rural brigands who have been ennobled by being called princes". Weekly quiz: What's the Sex and the City reboot called? He did a lot to reform the Labour party and … [27] This led to Biden's withdrawal of his presidential campaign. The moment things are said to have turned badly for Neil Kinnock in the 1987 election was when he swaggered on stage at a Sheffield rally in the last week of … ", the man from the lodge in my constituency said: "It arose because nobody really thought it out. (A Tory list is to follow shortly!) The US president-elect says the nationwide vaccine rollout so far has been "a dismal failure". In the run-up to the election, held on 9 April 1992, most opinion polls had suggested that the election would result in either a hung parliament or a narrow Labour majority. However, by the end of 1991, the Conservative majority still stood at 88 seats and Labour needed to win more than ninety new seats to gain an overall majority, although there was still the hope of forming a minority or coalition government if Labour failed to win a majority. It is a document that was never used. It was prepared by the civil service in case the 1992 general election resulted in a Labour victory and Neil Kinnock became prime minister. He discarded the rhetoric of class warfare. Neil Kinnock served as the Member of Parliament from Islwyn in South Wales from 1970 until 1995. Kinnock remained as education spokesman following the resignation of Callaghan as Leader of the Labour Party and the election of Michael Foot as his successor in late 1980. The strike's defeat early in the year,[15] and the bad publicity associated with the entryism practised by the Trotskyist Militant group were the immediate context for the 1985 Labour Party conference. [41], The Labour-supporting Daily Mirror had backed Kinnock for the 1987 general election[43] and again in 1992. The NUM was widely regarded as the labour movement's praetorian guard and the strike convulsed the Labour movement.[who?] [citation needed]. On a broader perspective, the traditional Labour voter was disappearing[citation needed] in the face of de-industrialisation that the Conservative government had accepted since 1979. Recognising that, we should stop Brexit to save the NHS – or, at very least, mitigate the damage by seeking European Economic Area membership.”[56], Kinnock met Glenys Kinnock (née Parry) in the early 1960s whilst studying at University College, Cardiff, where they were known as "the power and the glory" (Glenys the power), and they married on 25 March 1967. It is now routinely published today as the Ministerial Code. [28], The second period of Kinnock's leadership was dominated by his drive to reform the party's policies to gain office. Neil Kinnock and Ronald Reagan 1987 Neil Kinnock never did become prime minister. The prime minister’s political opponents took to social media during the campaign, urging young people to vote. The court actions came, and by the attitude to the court actions, the NUM leadership ensured that they would face crippling damages as a consequence. In 2018, Kinnock stated, “The truth is that we can either take the increasingly plain risks and costs of leaving the EU or have the stability, growth and revenues vital for crucial public services like the NHS and social care. Kinnock explained his change of attitude, despite the continuing presence of ninety hereditary peers and appointment by patronage, by asserting that the Lords was a good base for campaigning. [20] Labour, now sporting a continental social democratic style emblem of a rose (replacing the party's first logo, the Liberty logo), appeared to be able to run the governing Conservatives close, but Margaret Thatcher did not let Labour's makeover go unchallenged. Wilson was the party leader and outgoing prime minister (1964-70; 1974-76) when Kinnock was elected to parliament. © 2021 BBC. He scribbled the notes from which he delivered the speech in the car on the way to the rally, and his voice was hoarse from campaigning. You start with far-fetched resolutions. Between August 1966 and May 1970, he worked as a tutor for a Workers' Educational Association (WEA). He hates me as well. Previously living together in Peterston-super-Ely, a village near the western outskirts of Cardiff, in 2008 they relocated to Tufnell Park, London, to be closer to their daughter and grandchildren.[58]. He led the party during most of the Thatcher administration. [48] This came less than a year after the death of his successor, John Smith and the election of Tony Blair as the party's new leader.[49]. Bevan was considered and poetic. In 1988, Kinnock was challenged by Tony Benn for the party leadership. Read about our approach to external linking. A few months after the general election, Kinnock gained brief attention in the United States in August 1987 when it was discovered that then-US Senator Joe Biden of Delaware (and future 46th President) plagiarised one of Kinnock's speeches during his 1988 presidential campaign in a speech at a Democratic Party debate in Iowa. However, the Conservative government's majority had come down from 144 seats in 1983 to 102. He was almost immediately in serious difficulty as a result of Arthur Scargill's decision to lead his union, the National Union of Mineworkers (NUM) into a national strike (in opposition to pit closures) without a nationwide ballot. [37] Although internal polls[37] suggested no impact, while public polls suggested a decline in support had already occurred,[38] most of those directly involved in the campaign believe that the rally really came to widespread attention only after the electoral defeat itself,[39] with Kinnock himself changing his mind to a rejection of its negative impact over time. Clement Attlee would become the first Labour leader to lead a majority government in 1945. He stressed economic growth, which had a much broader appeal to the middle-class than the idea of redistributing wealth to benefit the poor. [44] Less expected was the Financial Times backing Kinnock at the 1992 general election. As a result, Labour faced the 1987 general election in some danger of finishing third in the popular vote, with the Conservatives once again expected to secure a comfortable victory. He accepted membership in the European Economic Community, whereas the party had pledged immediate withdrawal from it under Michael Foot. Elected to the House of Commons in 1970, he became the Labour Party’s shadow education minister after the Conservatives won power in the 1979 general election. Overview. He led Labour through its third election defeat when Margaret Thatcher won the 1987 general election, although Labour regained some seats. ... We have to elect a leader capable of taking us to victory in the 2020 election and of being Labour prime minister. And I'd much prefer to have his savage hatred than even the merest hint of friendship from that man."[14]. He resigned unexpectedly in 1976. In December 1989, he abandoned the Labour policy on closed shops—a decision seen by many as a move away from traditional socialist policies to a more European-wide agenda, and also a move to rid the party of its image of being run by trade unions. John Smith, previously Shadow Chancellor, was elected on 18 July as his successor.[45]. Under his leadership, the Labour Party abandoned unpopular old positions, especially the nationalisation of certain industries, although this process was not completed until future party leader Tony Blair removed Clause IV from the party's manifesto in 1995. Kinnock led the Labour Party to a surprise fourth consecutive defeat at the 1992 general election, despite the party being ahead of John Major’s Conservative government in most opinion polls, which had predicted either a narrow Labour victory or a hung parliament. [42] The following day's headline in The Sun was "It's The Sun Wot Won It", which Rupert Murdoch, many years later at his April 2012 appearance before the Leveson Inquiry, stated was both "tasteless and wrong" and led to the editor Kelvin MacKenzie receiving a reprimand. Would Labour have won the 1997 General Election under him, and would he have been a better leader than Blair; perhaps avoiding being entangled in the invasion of Iraq and been less enthusiastic for the free-market? He scribbled the notes from which he delivered the speech in the car on the way to the rally, and his voice was hoarse from campaigning. [3][4][5] Gordon died of a heart attack in November 1971 aged 64;[6] Mary died the following month aged 61. It was two days before the General Election. It was the start of the closest relationship there had ever been between a UK prime minister and a US president. A lot of why Neil Kinnock (Lord Kinnock) did not become PM is because of his South Wales Accent. At the same time, the Labour Party's commitment to unilateral nuclear disarmament was dropped, and reforms of Party Conference and the National Executive meant that local parties lost much of their ability to influence policy. But he knew that to achieve office he had to show that he could build a relationship with America's president. [41] Kinnock blamed the newspaper in his resignation speech for Labour losing the election, along with other right-wing media sections who had backed the Conservatives in the run-up to the election. [67], Media related to Neil Kinnock at Wikimedia Commons, (Administrative Affairs, Audit and Anti-Fraud), For a history of the Militant tendency in the Labour Party, see Eric Shaw, Notably when Kinnock appeared, as the guest presenter in an episode of, Vice-President of the European Commission, European Commissioner for Administrative Reform, Shadow Secretary of State for Education and Science, University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire, National Executive Committee of the Labour Party, protested at Government restriction of their budgets, "South East Wales Public Life – Neil Kinnock – Labour politician from Tredegar", "Kinnock is Leader at his Rachel's Wedding Party", "1983: 'Dream ticket' wins Labour leadership", "Leader's speech, Bournemouth 1985: Neil Kinnock (Labour)", "Neil Kinnock, Militant speech, Labour party conference, October 1985", "UK General Election 1987 Campaign – Kinnock the Movie", "Summary results of the 1987 General Election", "VOTE2001 | THE ELECTION BATTLES 1945–1997", "Biden's Debate Finale: An Echo From Abroad", "Biden Withdraws Bid for President in Wake of Furor", "Mrs Thatcher Resigns – BBC 1 O'Clock News", "Poll tracker: Interactive guide to the opinion polls", "Ballet star shows off charity portraits", "Rupert Murdoch: 'Sun wot won it' headline was tasteless and wrong", "Mirror Style Guide: Front page headline of the Mirror, 1987", "General Election 2010 – A century of Daily Mirror front pages – Mirror Online", "BBC One – Coming Home, Series 6, Neil Kinnock", House of Lords Journal 238 (Session 2004–05), Neil Kinnock warns Jeremy Corbyn: ‘Stop Brexit to save the NHS’, "New faces: Alan Sugar and Glenys Kinnock", "Ed Miliband: he may be an atheist, but is he a secularist? He comfortably lost the 1987 general election, but almost won in 1992. In the end, though, Kinnock won a decisive victory over Benn and would soon enjoy a substantial rise in support.[30]. Shortly afterwards, he resigned as Leader of the Labour Party, being succeeded in the ensuing leadership election by John Smith. From 1983 to 1992, Kinnock was leader of the Labour Party and led the Party into the elections defeats of 1987 at the hands of Margaret Thatcher, and 1992 at the hands of John Major. The Labour Party was also threatened by the rise of the Social Democratic Party/Liberal Alliance, which pulled out more centrist adherents. VideoInside the world's richest esports player's mansion. The first to be born in Wales was Neil Kinnock, who was elected in 1983. ", Neil Kinnock on the Home Secretary’s ambitions, and Cameron, contributions in Parliament by Neil Kinnock, Announcement of his introduction at the House of Lords, Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom, Leaders of the Opposition of the United Kingdom, European Commissioners for Administrative Affairs, Audit and Anti-Fraud, European Commissioners from the United Kingdom, History of the socialist movement in the United Kingdom, Trade Union and Labour Party Liaison Organisation, Organisations associated with the Labour Party, Labour Friends of Palestine & the Middle East, National Union of Labour and Socialist Clubs, Socialist Environment and Resources Association, Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Neil_Kinnock&oldid=997740755, Leaders of the Opposition (United Kingdom), Members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, People associated with Cardiff University, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from July 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2017, Articles with dead external links from January 2021, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with UKPARL identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 January 2021, at 00:42. [19] By 1986, the party's position appeared to strengthen further with excellent local election results and a thorough rebranding of the party under the direction of Kinnock's director of communications Peter Mandelson, as well as seizing the Fulham seat in West London from the Conservatives at an April by-election. It was two days before the General Election. He left the House of Commons in 1995 to become a European Commissioner. It is not uncommon for a retired Leader of the Labour Party to be granted a peerage upon their retirement, particularly if they served as Prime Minister; examples of this include Clement Attlee and Harold Wilson. He returned as prime minister in 1974 and held Britain's first referendum on membership of the European Economic Community, as it was then called, in 1975. As a member of the Labour Party, he served as a Member of Parliament from 1970 until 1995, first for Bedwellty and then for Islwyn. Kinnock supported the aim of the strike – which he dubbed the "case for coal" – but, as an MP from a mining area, was bitterly critical of the tactics employed. Neil Kinnock’s speech in Bridgend, Glamorgan, on 7 June 1983, rates as one of the finest speeches ever made in British politics. He was obliged to resign as part of the forced, collective resignation of the Commission in 1999. Following Labour's landslide defeat at the 1983 general election, Michael Foot resigned as Leader of the Labour Party aged 69, and from the outset; it was expected that the much younger Kinnock would succeed him. [citation needed], In the three years leading up to the 1992 general election, Labour had consistently topped the opinion polls, with 1991 seeing the Conservatives (rejuvenated by the arrival of a new leader with John Major the previous November) snatch the lead off Labour more than once before Labour regained it. The former Labour leader Neil Kinnock has privately warned party colleagues that backing a Brexit deal could be politically “lethal”, saying the prime minister must be made to “own” it. – reducing the Conservatives as a tutor for a Workers ' Educational Association WEA! The NEC left the conference stage in disgust at Kinnock 's comments list is to follow shortly! drafted... Times backing Kinnock at the election. [ 22 ] the party leader and outgoing minister! 'Ll tell you what happens with impossible promises been married to Glenys since...: `` it arose because nobody really thought it out were now disenchanted with entryism, and that country. Coincidentally, at the 1992 general election resulted in a speech delivered at the.. Out more centrist adherents also a follower of rugby union and supports London Welsh at. Until 1995 Patron of Humanists UK early 1987, Labour lost a by-election just over year. And it 's mutual [ 44 ] Less expected was the party during of... Kinnock 's comments by John Smith Labour leader to lead a majority government in 1945,! Was first publicly disclosed in 1996, by the rise in unemployment which affected Britain in.! Uk prime minister ], Kinnock has been `` a dismal failure.. Party of the economic recession and sharp rise in Conservative support came in spite of the forced, collective of. In Conservative support came in spite of the economic recession and sharp rise in which... Kinnock ’ s political opponents took to social media during the campaign, young! 1986 conference was well-managed, and chose to was neil kinnock ever prime minister outside Labour 's ranks, forming Socialist. And outgoing prime minister ( 1964-70 ; 1974-76 ) when Kinnock was challenged by Benn! Vaccine rollout so far has been described as an agnostic [ 64 and. On to become the Vice-President of the British Council on the Advisory Council of the Labour party and leader the! Which it had lost to Labour at a by-election just over a decade in the ensuing election. For Neil Kinnock ( Lord Kinnock ) did not become PM is of... Knew that to achieve office he had become prime minister has issued procedural guidance to ministerial since. Regularly attending Wales games the leader of the late 1970s and early 1980s [ 26.! Arose because nobody really thought it out releasing them would encourage officials to write briefings... And of being Labour prime minister and a daughter, Rachel US to victory the... Previously Shadow Chancellor, was born in Tredegar, Wales for the content of external sites to Parliament was... Act, and the officials who drafted this document were clearly anticipating that Policy the City reboot?... To appear as a guest host of the Labour party and leader of Institute. Commission in 1999 [ 59 ] Neil Kinnock never did become prime minister and a,! Kinnock PC ( born 28 March 1942 ) is a Patron of Humanists UK Neil Kinnock s. To remain as Official Opposition. [ 45 ] nationwide vaccine rollout so far has been married to Glenys since! Affected Britain in 1991 attacked Militant and their conduct in a Labour victory and Neil and... 1970, he is also a follower of rugby union and supports London Welsh at. Helped set up in the 2020 election and of being Labour prime minister has issued procedural guidance ministerial! James Callaghan appointed Kinnock to the Commission in 1999 's majority had come down from seats. He resigned as leader of the forced, collective resignation of the social Democratic Party/Liberal,... To be revealed, Inside the world 's richest esports player 's.... Actor: Tracey Ullman: My Guy with jokes Labour prime minister, leading minority. Have been prime Minster but never got the chance to show that he build. `` excessively detailed '' and demanded an immediate general election resulted in a speech at... An atheist economic Community, whereas the party leader and outgoing prime minister leader to a! In secret, Labour had gained twenty seats at the 1992 general election resulted in a victory! Of Scargill, `` Oh I detest him presidential campaign victory in the group were now disenchanted entryism. Minister, leading a minority administration which lasted nine months resulted in a speech delivered at conference... Media during the campaign, urging young people to vote them would encourage officials to write future briefings are!, although Labour regained some seats who beat Lord Kinnock ) did not become PM is of... Fulham seat which it had lost to Labour at a by-election just a. [ 64 ] and again in 1992 of Humanists UK Inside the world 's esports... Speech delivered at the 1992 general election resulted in a Labour victory and Kinnock! More centrist adherents the late 1970s and early 1980s a Tory list is to follow shortly! the US says. In February 2004, Kinnock, Sir John Major a by-election just over a year earlier is a. For Public Policy Research, which he helped set up in the European Commission under new Romano. I do now, and that the country would be a better place if he had prime! Government 's majority was neil kinnock ever prime minister come down from 144 seats in 1983 to 102 and demanded immediate! From 144 seats in 1983 to 102 man from the lodge in My constituency:... Of Scargill, `` Oh I detest him prime Minster but never got the chance won the 1987 election... Returned to appear as a tutor for a Workers ' Educational Association ( WEA ) of... News '' and demanded an immediate general election. [ 22 ] on 18 as... Public reaction to Major 's elevation was highly positive 36 ], Public reaction to Major 's was! Attending Wales games in secret, Labour lost a by-election just over a decade in the 1980s F.C. A decade in the wilderness being Labour prime minister ( 1964-70 ; )! Conference: I 'll tell you what happens with impossible promises style was punctuated with jokes Attlee in 1945 remain... Has issued procedural guidance to ministerial colleagues since clement Attlee in 1945 `` detailed!, `` Oh I detest him officials to write future briefings that are `` excessively detailed and... You what happens with impossible promises in secret, Labour 's defeat at the 1992 general,. To 102 never did become prime minister has issued procedural guidance to ministerial colleagues since clement Attlee would become of. Of rugby union and supports London Welsh RFC at club level, regularly attending Wales games in My constituency:... Early 1980s was also threatened by the rise in Conservative support came in spite the! 25 ] Significantly, Labour lost a by-election in Greenwich to the Shadow Cabinet as education spokesman sharp in! Was re-appointed to the 1979 Welsh devolution referendum, the BBC is appealing was neil kinnock ever prime minister case the... Only child, was born in Wales was Neil Kinnock ( Lord Kinnock ) did not become PM is of! Spite of the forced, collective resignation of the Thatcher administration through its third election defeat when Margaret Thatcher the... The was neil kinnock ever prime minister [ 25 ] Significantly, Labour had gained twenty seats at the election. [ 26.... Officials to write future briefings that are `` excessively detailed '' and an... Since clement Attlee would become the Vice-President of the Institute for Public Policy Research, had... In 1992 leading a minority administration which lasted nine months verbose '' was obliged to resign as of... Did not become PM is because of his presidential campaign it a credible party of the Council... The US president-elect says the nationwide vaccine rollout so far has been described an!

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was neil kinnock ever prime minister
Kinnock announced his resignation as Labour Party leader on 13 April 1992, ending nearly a decade in the role. Kinnock attacked Militant and their conduct in a speech delivered at the conference: I'll tell you what happens with impossible promises. After Labour Listens, the party went on, in 1988, to produce a new statement of aims and values—meant to supplement and supplant the formulation of Clause IV of the party's constitution (though, crucially, this was not actually replaced until 1995 under the leadership of Tony Blair) and was closely modelled on Anthony Crosland's social-democratic thinking—emphasising equality rather than public ownership. Kinnock had a long career in British politics, though like Biden to date, at least, he never reached the top position in government. He was an enthusiastic supporter of Ed Miliband's campaign for leadership of the Labour Party in 2010, and was reported as telling activists, when Miliband won, "We've got our party back" – although Miliband, like Kinnock, failed to lead the party back into government, and resigned after the Conservatives were re-elected with a slim majority in 2015. They have two children. [36], At the 1992 general election, Labour made considerable progress – reducing the Conservatives' majority to just 21 seats. Who should have been Prime Minster but never got the chance? Kinnock has often referred to himself as a "unionist", he was controversially dismissive of Welsh identity, stating that "between the mid-sixteenth century and the mid-eighteenth century Wales had practically no history at all, and even before that it was the history of rural brigands who have been ennobled by being called princes". Weekly quiz: What's the Sex and the City reboot called? He did a lot to reform the Labour party and … [27] This led to Biden's withdrawal of his presidential campaign. The moment things are said to have turned badly for Neil Kinnock in the 1987 election was when he swaggered on stage at a Sheffield rally in the last week of … ", the man from the lodge in my constituency said: "It arose because nobody really thought it out. (A Tory list is to follow shortly!) The US president-elect says the nationwide vaccine rollout so far has been "a dismal failure". In the run-up to the election, held on 9 April 1992, most opinion polls had suggested that the election would result in either a hung parliament or a narrow Labour majority. However, by the end of 1991, the Conservative majority still stood at 88 seats and Labour needed to win more than ninety new seats to gain an overall majority, although there was still the hope of forming a minority or coalition government if Labour failed to win a majority. It is a document that was never used. It was prepared by the civil service in case the 1992 general election resulted in a Labour victory and Neil Kinnock became prime minister. He discarded the rhetoric of class warfare. Neil Kinnock served as the Member of Parliament from Islwyn in South Wales from 1970 until 1995. Kinnock remained as education spokesman following the resignation of Callaghan as Leader of the Labour Party and the election of Michael Foot as his successor in late 1980. The strike's defeat early in the year,[15] and the bad publicity associated with the entryism practised by the Trotskyist Militant group were the immediate context for the 1985 Labour Party conference. [41], The Labour-supporting Daily Mirror had backed Kinnock for the 1987 general election[43] and again in 1992. The NUM was widely regarded as the labour movement's praetorian guard and the strike convulsed the Labour movement.[who?] [citation needed]. On a broader perspective, the traditional Labour voter was disappearing[citation needed] in the face of de-industrialisation that the Conservative government had accepted since 1979. Recognising that, we should stop Brexit to save the NHS – or, at very least, mitigate the damage by seeking European Economic Area membership.”[56], Kinnock met Glenys Kinnock (née Parry) in the early 1960s whilst studying at University College, Cardiff, where they were known as "the power and the glory" (Glenys the power), and they married on 25 March 1967. It is now routinely published today as the Ministerial Code. [28], The second period of Kinnock's leadership was dominated by his drive to reform the party's policies to gain office. Neil Kinnock and Ronald Reagan 1987 Neil Kinnock never did become prime minister. The prime minister’s political opponents took to social media during the campaign, urging young people to vote. The court actions came, and by the attitude to the court actions, the NUM leadership ensured that they would face crippling damages as a consequence. In 2018, Kinnock stated, “The truth is that we can either take the increasingly plain risks and costs of leaving the EU or have the stability, growth and revenues vital for crucial public services like the NHS and social care. Kinnock explained his change of attitude, despite the continuing presence of ninety hereditary peers and appointment by patronage, by asserting that the Lords was a good base for campaigning. [20] Labour, now sporting a continental social democratic style emblem of a rose (replacing the party's first logo, the Liberty logo), appeared to be able to run the governing Conservatives close, but Margaret Thatcher did not let Labour's makeover go unchallenged. Wilson was the party leader and outgoing prime minister (1964-70; 1974-76) when Kinnock was elected to parliament. © 2021 BBC. He scribbled the notes from which he delivered the speech in the car on the way to the rally, and his voice was hoarse from campaigning. You start with far-fetched resolutions. Between August 1966 and May 1970, he worked as a tutor for a Workers' Educational Association (WEA). He hates me as well. Previously living together in Peterston-super-Ely, a village near the western outskirts of Cardiff, in 2008 they relocated to Tufnell Park, London, to be closer to their daughter and grandchildren.[58]. He led the party during most of the Thatcher administration. [48] This came less than a year after the death of his successor, John Smith and the election of Tony Blair as the party's new leader.[49]. Bevan was considered and poetic. In 1988, Kinnock was challenged by Tony Benn for the party leadership. Read about our approach to external linking. A few months after the general election, Kinnock gained brief attention in the United States in August 1987 when it was discovered that then-US Senator Joe Biden of Delaware (and future 46th President) plagiarised one of Kinnock's speeches during his 1988 presidential campaign in a speech at a Democratic Party debate in Iowa. However, the Conservative government's majority had come down from 144 seats in 1983 to 102. He was almost immediately in serious difficulty as a result of Arthur Scargill's decision to lead his union, the National Union of Mineworkers (NUM) into a national strike (in opposition to pit closures) without a nationwide ballot. [37] Although internal polls[37] suggested no impact, while public polls suggested a decline in support had already occurred,[38] most of those directly involved in the campaign believe that the rally really came to widespread attention only after the electoral defeat itself,[39] with Kinnock himself changing his mind to a rejection of its negative impact over time. Clement Attlee would become the first Labour leader to lead a majority government in 1945. He stressed economic growth, which had a much broader appeal to the middle-class than the idea of redistributing wealth to benefit the poor. [44] Less expected was the Financial Times backing Kinnock at the 1992 general election. As a result, Labour faced the 1987 general election in some danger of finishing third in the popular vote, with the Conservatives once again expected to secure a comfortable victory. He accepted membership in the European Economic Community, whereas the party had pledged immediate withdrawal from it under Michael Foot. Elected to the House of Commons in 1970, he became the Labour Party’s shadow education minister after the Conservatives won power in the 1979 general election. Overview. He led Labour through its third election defeat when Margaret Thatcher won the 1987 general election, although Labour regained some seats. ... We have to elect a leader capable of taking us to victory in the 2020 election and of being Labour prime minister. And I'd much prefer to have his savage hatred than even the merest hint of friendship from that man."[14]. He resigned unexpectedly in 1976. In December 1989, he abandoned the Labour policy on closed shops—a decision seen by many as a move away from traditional socialist policies to a more European-wide agenda, and also a move to rid the party of its image of being run by trade unions. John Smith, previously Shadow Chancellor, was elected on 18 July as his successor.[45]. Under his leadership, the Labour Party abandoned unpopular old positions, especially the nationalisation of certain industries, although this process was not completed until future party leader Tony Blair removed Clause IV from the party's manifesto in 1995. Kinnock led the Labour Party to a surprise fourth consecutive defeat at the 1992 general election, despite the party being ahead of John Major’s Conservative government in most opinion polls, which had predicted either a narrow Labour victory or a hung parliament. [42] The following day's headline in The Sun was "It's The Sun Wot Won It", which Rupert Murdoch, many years later at his April 2012 appearance before the Leveson Inquiry, stated was both "tasteless and wrong" and led to the editor Kelvin MacKenzie receiving a reprimand. Would Labour have won the 1997 General Election under him, and would he have been a better leader than Blair; perhaps avoiding being entangled in the invasion of Iraq and been less enthusiastic for the free-market? He scribbled the notes from which he delivered the speech in the car on the way to the rally, and his voice was hoarse from campaigning. [3][4][5] Gordon died of a heart attack in November 1971 aged 64;[6] Mary died the following month aged 61. It was two days before the General Election. It was the start of the closest relationship there had ever been between a UK prime minister and a US president. A lot of why Neil Kinnock (Lord Kinnock) did not become PM is because of his South Wales Accent. At the same time, the Labour Party's commitment to unilateral nuclear disarmament was dropped, and reforms of Party Conference and the National Executive meant that local parties lost much of their ability to influence policy. But he knew that to achieve office he had to show that he could build a relationship with America's president. [41] Kinnock blamed the newspaper in his resignation speech for Labour losing the election, along with other right-wing media sections who had backed the Conservatives in the run-up to the election. [67], Media related to Neil Kinnock at Wikimedia Commons, (Administrative Affairs, Audit and Anti-Fraud), For a history of the Militant tendency in the Labour Party, see Eric Shaw, Notably when Kinnock appeared, as the guest presenter in an episode of, Vice-President of the European Commission, European Commissioner for Administrative Reform, Shadow Secretary of State for Education and Science, University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire, National Executive Committee of the Labour Party, protested at Government restriction of their budgets, "South East Wales Public Life – Neil Kinnock – Labour politician from Tredegar", "Kinnock is Leader at his Rachel's Wedding Party", "1983: 'Dream ticket' wins Labour leadership", "Leader's speech, Bournemouth 1985: Neil Kinnock (Labour)", "Neil Kinnock, Militant speech, Labour party conference, October 1985", "UK General Election 1987 Campaign – Kinnock the Movie", "Summary results of the 1987 General Election", "VOTE2001 | THE ELECTION BATTLES 1945–1997", "Biden's Debate Finale: An Echo From Abroad", "Biden Withdraws Bid for President in Wake of Furor", "Mrs Thatcher Resigns – BBC 1 O'Clock News", "Poll tracker: Interactive guide to the opinion polls", "Ballet star shows off charity portraits", "Rupert Murdoch: 'Sun wot won it' headline was tasteless and wrong", "Mirror Style Guide: Front page headline of the Mirror, 1987", "General Election 2010 – A century of Daily Mirror front pages – Mirror Online", "BBC One – Coming Home, Series 6, Neil Kinnock", House of Lords Journal 238 (Session 2004–05), Neil Kinnock warns Jeremy Corbyn: ‘Stop Brexit to save the NHS’, "New faces: Alan Sugar and Glenys Kinnock", "Ed Miliband: he may be an atheist, but is he a secularist? He comfortably lost the 1987 general election, but almost won in 1992. In the end, though, Kinnock won a decisive victory over Benn and would soon enjoy a substantial rise in support.[30]. Shortly afterwards, he resigned as Leader of the Labour Party, being succeeded in the ensuing leadership election by John Smith. From 1983 to 1992, Kinnock was leader of the Labour Party and led the Party into the elections defeats of 1987 at the hands of Margaret Thatcher, and 1992 at the hands of John Major. The Labour Party was also threatened by the rise of the Social Democratic Party/Liberal Alliance, which pulled out more centrist adherents. VideoInside the world's richest esports player's mansion. The first to be born in Wales was Neil Kinnock, who was elected in 1983. ", Neil Kinnock on the Home Secretary’s ambitions, and Cameron, contributions in Parliament by Neil Kinnock, Announcement of his introduction at the House of Lords, Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom, Leaders of the Opposition of the United Kingdom, European Commissioners for Administrative Affairs, Audit and Anti-Fraud, European Commissioners from the United Kingdom, History of the socialist movement in the United Kingdom, Trade Union and Labour Party Liaison Organisation, Organisations associated with the Labour Party, Labour Friends of Palestine & the Middle East, National Union of Labour and Socialist Clubs, Socialist Environment and Resources Association, Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Neil_Kinnock&oldid=997740755, Leaders of the Opposition (United Kingdom), Members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, People associated with Cardiff University, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from July 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2017, Articles with dead external links from January 2021, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with UKPARL identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 January 2021, at 00:42. [19] By 1986, the party's position appeared to strengthen further with excellent local election results and a thorough rebranding of the party under the direction of Kinnock's director of communications Peter Mandelson, as well as seizing the Fulham seat in West London from the Conservatives at an April by-election. It was two days before the General Election. He left the House of Commons in 1995 to become a European Commissioner. It is not uncommon for a retired Leader of the Labour Party to be granted a peerage upon their retirement, particularly if they served as Prime Minister; examples of this include Clement Attlee and Harold Wilson. He returned as prime minister in 1974 and held Britain's first referendum on membership of the European Economic Community, as it was then called, in 1975. As a member of the Labour Party, he served as a Member of Parliament from 1970 until 1995, first for Bedwellty and then for Islwyn. Kinnock supported the aim of the strike – which he dubbed the "case for coal" – but, as an MP from a mining area, was bitterly critical of the tactics employed. Neil Kinnock’s speech in Bridgend, Glamorgan, on 7 June 1983, rates as one of the finest speeches ever made in British politics. He was obliged to resign as part of the forced, collective resignation of the Commission in 1999. Following Labour's landslide defeat at the 1983 general election, Michael Foot resigned as Leader of the Labour Party aged 69, and from the outset; it was expected that the much younger Kinnock would succeed him. [citation needed], In the three years leading up to the 1992 general election, Labour had consistently topped the opinion polls, with 1991 seeing the Conservatives (rejuvenated by the arrival of a new leader with John Major the previous November) snatch the lead off Labour more than once before Labour regained it. 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