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french monarchy timeline

french monarchy timeline

1789 - French Revolution ends rule of monarchy going back to 9th century; followed by establishment of the First Republic. Monarchy timeline: from the Middle Ages to the modern era; Monarchy timeline: from the Middle Ages to the modern era ... brother of French King Louis IX, to seize the Sicilian throne. Henry lV of France Consitered one of the greastest kings of France. This list of kings and queens of the Kingdom of England begins with Alfred the Great, who initially ruled Wessex, one of the seven Anglo-Saxon kingdoms which later made up modern England. His descendants would later fracture the empire. In 1848, Louis Napoleon, the nephew of Napoleon I, was elected the first president of the Second Republic. Absolutism within France was a political system associated with kings such as Louis XIII and, more particularly, Louis XIV. Extended Interviews > Resources > For Educators > A Monarchy Falls: 1792 Public timelines; ... History of French Monarchs Timeline created by Saneamw. France timeline A chronology of key events: 1789 - French Revolution ends rule of monarchy going back to 9th century; followed by establishment of the First Republic. beginnings of the republic. He also survived 12 assassionation attempts. Revolution Timeline: Politics & Fashion. He was only de facto King of France in 1814. During the 16th century, the Spanish and Austrian Habsburgs were the dominant power in Europe. Below is a simplified family tree of the Capetian dynasty and its cadet branches. His sons Pepin and Carloman briefly brought back the Merovingian dynasty by raising Childeric III to the throne in 743. 1795-99. It was founded and ruled by his nephew Napoleon III Then 3rd 4th and 5th republic formed. From 21 January 1793 to 8 June 1795, Louis XVI's son Louis-Charles was titled King of France as Louis XVII. Will be at war with Rome at the start. Aug 2, 1589. Earlier kings are included in the list of Frankish kings. The Franks conquer much of western Europe. Print; Main. He was involved in the French wars of Religion. In the midst of civil war against the English King Henry III, Simon de Montfort summons a ‘Parliament’. The monarchy, represented by Louis and his wife Marie-Antoinette was abolished on 21 September 1792. There were short term periods by the Chief of State of the French State (1940–1944), the Chairman of the Provisional Government of the French Republic (1944–1946) and the President of the French Senate (1969 and 1974) during the Fifth Republic. He was involved in the French wars of Religion. Naval Battle at La Rochelle. In History. Not listed above are Hugh Magnus, eldest son of Robert II, and Philip of France, eldest son of Louis VI. 4. He is generally not in lists of official French monarchs. 4. Absolutism within France was a political system associated with kings such as Louis XIII and, more particularly, Louis XIV. The latter had been established by the great Charlemagne but began splitting into pieces soon after his death. Hugh Capet is generally considered the first king of France but it took him and his descendants to fight and expand, and fight and survive, to begin to turn a small kingdom into great France. Such was the case with Madame de Brinvilliers, a noblewoman who was accused of killing her father and two brothers for personal gain. The nobles and clergy were enjoying all the special privileges of the country while the commoners were living in poverty and misery. The Spanish Tercio was used with great success against French knights. 2 Timeline; 3 See also; 4 Notes; 5 References; 6 External links; List Queen Anne had ruled the Kingdom of England, the Kingdom of Scotland, and the Kingdom of Ireland since 8 March 1702. images were added by me to enhance user interaction. This article lists all rulers to have held the title "King of Franks", "King of France", "King of the French" or "Emperor of the French". After his death, his kingdom was split between his sons into Soissons ( Neustria), Paris, Orleans ( Burgundy), and Metz (Austrasia). During the short time when the French Constitution of 1791 was in effect (1791–1792) and after the July Revolution in 1830, the style "King of the French" was used instead of "King of France (and Navarre)". Philip IV 3/31/1621 - 9/17/1665 . Capet inherited a large amount of land in Île-de-France from his father, which helped assure his election to the throne. Opinions vary as to who the 'first' French king was, and the following list includes all of the transitional monarchs, including the Carolingian and not French Louis I. Create a Timeline Now; Spanish Monarchy. Isabella I 12/11/1474 - 11/26/1504. ? See also. REPUBLICAN FRANCE. HOUSE OF WESSEX. The name of France comes from the Germanic tribe known as the Franks. He was in no fit state to rule when he first became king at 11, so his uncles took control in his name. France is ruled by the Roman Empire The French monarchy France becomes France fights in is overthrown in the a powerful World War I and French Revolution. His execution left France without any monarch at all for a while. One of these pieces became the heart of France, and French monarchs would struggle to build a new state out of it. The name of France comes from the Germanic tribe known as the Franks. A History of the Palace of Versailles, Jewel of the Sun King, Biography of King Louis XIV, France’s Sun King. Public timelines; Search; Sign in; Sign up; French Monarchs Timeline Timeline created by tburnett17. Clovis I,grandson of Merovech, was the first of these to rise to true kingship. Ruled from the start of the Frankish Kingdom from 486 to 1870. The Second French Empire was from 1852–1870. The French crown was probably stronger than ever by the time of his death. Napoleon Bonaparte was renowned for his military victories across Europe . Biography of Louis XV, Beloved King of France, Louvre Museum: History and Most Important Masterpieces, French Revolution Timeline: 1795 to 1799 (The Directory), Industry and Agriculture History in Europe, M.A., Medieval Studies, Sheffield University, B.A., Medieval Studies, Sheffield University, 879–882 Louis III (joint with Carloman below), 879–884 Carloman (joint with Louis III above, until 882), 888–898 Eudes (also Odo) of Paris (non-Carolingian), 923–936 Raoul (also Rudolf, non-Carolingian), 936–954 Louis IV (d'Outremer or The Foreigner), 1380–1422 Charles VI (the Mad, Well-Beloved, or Foolish), 1422–1461 Charles VII (the Well-Served or Victorious), 1483–1498 Charles VIII (Father of his People), 1795–1799 Paul François Jean Nicolas de Barras, 1795–1799 Louis Marie La Revellíere-Lépeaux, 1795–1797 Lazare Nicolas Marguerite Carnot, 1797–1799 Philippe Antoine Merlin de Douai, 1798–1799 Jean Baptiste Comte de Treilhard, 2nd Consul: 1799 Emmanuel Joseph Comte de Sieyés, 1848–1852 Louis Napoleon (later Napoleon III), 1870–1871 Louis Jules Trochu (provisional). Egbert : 802-839. 1370 - Edward, The Black Prince, sacks Limoges massacring 3,000 people. Under the Fifth Republic, France’s current system, the head of state is the president, who is elected by direct universal suffrage. 4. Henry IV of France Henry IV of France 8/2/1553-5/14/1610 Assasionated 1. https://www.thoughtco.com/rulers-of-france-840-until-2015-3861418 Charles II 9/17/1665 - 11/1/1700. 2. Aethelwulf: The Third Republic bought stability in terms of the structure of government and managed to adapt to the First World War. French Monarchs Timeline Timeline created by tburnett17. 1265. On Louis XVII's death, his uncle Louis-Stanislas claimed the throne, as Louis XVIII. Aug 2, 1589. 1217 - The French lose the battles of Lincoln and Dover and are driven back to France 1220 - Building of Salisbury cathedral begun 1222 - De Burgh successfully puts down an insurrection supporting the French king Louis Vlll’s claim to the throne Below are the family trees of all French monarchs, from Pepin the Short to Louis Philippe I. France developed out of the Frankish kingdoms that succeeded the Roman Empire, and more directly, out of the declining Carolingian Empire. Monarchs of England Timeline. A timeline exploring the events of the French Revolution and fall of the French monarchy. The last Merovingian kings, known as the lazy kings (rois fainéants), did not hold any real political power. He ended the French wars of Religion. This 10 th-century monarch was the first of the King of the Franks from the House of Capet, a dynasty that at its broadest extent has provided 36 French rulers and dozens more across Europe.He was also a seventh-generation descendant of Charlemagne. ... French Monarchs Timeline created by Korrie Dygon. The end of the French Revolution abolished Monarchy From France and the country evolved to be more democratic. During its long history, France has gone through numerous types of government. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. Britain, or the story of how a tiny island in northern Europe ended up conquering a fourth of the world’s area. Although the royal numbering starts with Louis, he was not a king of France but the heir to an empire which covered much of central Europe. However, the young child's reign was entirely fictional, as he was residing in Austria with his mother. 1372 - French troops recapture Poitou and Brittany. France - France - The monarchy: The kingdom of France was descended directly from the western Frankish realm ceded to Charles the Bald in 843. His power was held by the leaders of the Republic. The monarchs of the Kingdom of France and its predecessors (and successor monarchies) ruled from the establishment of the Kingdom of the Franks in 509 until the fall of the Second French Empire in 1870, with several interruptions. After the act of Union in 1707 the king or queen is more correctly called the monarch of Great Britain. The Merovingian kings began as mere chieftains, the oldest known being Merovech. The complete french revolution timeline which was started in the year 1789 when Louis XVI was the king of France and ends with the levitation of Napoleon Bonaparte. The names of reigning monarchs are in bold capital letters. Aug 2, 1589. Although Louis wasn't king of the modern entity we call France, all the later French Louis' (culminating with Louis XVIII in 1824) were numbered sequentially, using him as the starting point, and it's important to remember that Hugh Capet didn't just invent France, there was a long, confused history before him. Clovis I was the first of these to rise to true kingship. During most of its history, France was ruled by kings. The Robertian Dynasty became the Capetian Dynasty with when Hugh Capet took the throne in 987. The monarchy was restored in 1836 and the Valence dynasty was returned to the throne, but the monarchy was abolished again in 1849 after the proclamation of the Second French … No one came out well. After his death, his kingdom was split between his sons into Soissons (Neustria), Paris, Orléans (Burgundy), and Metz (Austrasia). The Second Republic didn't last long chiefly because of the imperial pretensions of a certain Louis Napoleon... Napoleon III was related to Napoleon I and traded on family fame, but he was undone by Bismarck and the Franco-Prussian war. The end of the French Revolution abolished Monarchy From France and the country evolved to be more democratic. The most significant facts about List of French Monarchs in interactive timeline full of images, videos, and quotations Aethelred I: 866-871. Answers: 2 on a question: Which statement best completes the timeline of French history? Soon, Louis XV suffered from a depression that in result, made him useless when it came to decision making for the nation. His reign lasted 18 years (until 1848) and was a period of prosperity. The branches of the dynasty which ruled after 1328 are generally called Valois and Bourbon. Joanna I 11/26/1504 - 4/12/1555. The most significant facts about List of French Monarchs in interactive timeline full of images, videos, and quotations The monarchs of the Kingdom of France and its predecessors ruled from the establishment of the Kingdom of the Franks in 486 till the fall of the Second French Empire in 1870. BY DAVID ROSS, EDITOR. Period: Dec 13, 1553. to May 14, 1610. Egbert : 802-839. After the act of Union in 1707 the king or queen is more correctly called the monarch of Great Britain. She confessed to the crimes, but only after being forced to drink 16 pints of water, which was called the “water cure.” Aethelwulf: 839-858. Louis Philippe became king, chiefly thanks to the work of his sister; he would fall from grace shortly after she was no longer around to help. The First French Empire was from 1804–1815. Both were co-Kings with their fathers but died before them. This article lists all rulers to have held the title "King of Franks", "King of France", "King of the French" or "Emperor of the French". The Ottoman Admiral Barbarossa captured Nice in 1543 and handed it down to Francis I. New Monarchy. In History. B. France creates a parliamentary democracy. Because neither Hugh nor Philip were sole or senior king in their own lifetimes, they are usually not listed as Kings of France. He was never recognized by the French State. Aug 2, 1589. Louis XVIII was reinstalled as king on 7 July. Not until 987 was the Carolingian dynastic line set aside, but there had been portentous interruptions. The monarchs of the Kingdom of France and its predecessors (and successor monarchies) ruled from the establishment of the Kingdom of the West Franks in 843 until the fall of the Second French Empire in 1870, with several interruptions. Absolutism or absolute monarchical rule was developing across Europe during the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries. Aethelbald: 858-860. 3. When Theuderic IV died in 737, Mayor of the Palace Charles Martel left the throne vacant and continued to rule until his own death in 741. He is the author of the History in an Afternoon textbook series. He had 56 mistresses. So in this timeline Hawaiian history likely wouldn’t be very different because the monarchy would likely still be overthrown by American business interests for the same exact reasons it happened in our timeline and Hawaii would likely be its own independent country rather than apart of British North America for the same exact reasons that Barbados and the Bahamas aren’t apart of Canada. Francia will be splintered into Chalcedonian Soissons, … Absolute rule meant that the power of the monarch was, … The Second French Republic lasted from 1848 to 1852, when its president, Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte, was declared Emperor of the French. The oldest known was Chlodio. 1840 - 1917 Auguste Rodin, the sculptor 1841 - 1919 Auguste Renoir born in Limoges Absolute rule meant that the power of the monarch was, … the 100 days. The chronology of Head of State of France continues with the Presidents of France. First cousin once removed from Louis V through another branch. They couldn't solve their problems with words so violence was very common during France's reformation 1572 - Bartholomeu's Day Massacre saw the murder of thousands of Protestants Huguenot - Protestant in France France's Power Peaks "I am the state" All government power would go And then in the 20th century there was Vichy France, but also Nazi-occupied France. Monarch: Reign. In History. Several Merovingian monar… Henry IV of France Henry IV of France 8/2/1553-5/14/1610 Assasionated 1. Between the period from King Charles the Bald in 843 to King Louis XVI in 1792, France had 45 kings. Henry IV of France 08/2/1589 - 05/14/1610 Assassinated 1 Treaty of Vervins 2 Born and baptised Catholic, but folllowed Protastant ways 3 St. Bartholomews Day Massacre This is a chronological list of the leaders who have ruled France; the dates given are the periods of said rule. It was founded and ruled by Napoleon I. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. The Bourbon kings of France included the absolute apogee of a European monarch, the Sun King Louis XIV, and just two people later, the king who would be beheaded by a revolution. Reign of terror. empire. French Monarchy 1700 - Approx. 2. In History. In Revolutionary France, the Legislative Assembly votes to abolish the monarchy and establish the First Republic. When the people were dissatisfied with King Louis XVI, they cut off … The Monarchs of France ruled from the establishment of the Frankish Kingdom in 486 to 1870. Between the period from King Charles the Bald in 843 to King Louis XVI in 1792, France had 45 kings. The title "King of the Franks" was in use until the reign of Philip II. a timeline of french history. Ruled from the start of the Frankish Kingdom in 486 to 1870. We’ll Take Care of This… The problem with monarchy is that sometimes the ruling monarch is only a child, and this opens up the field for others to swoop in and take advantage of the king or queen. Ferdinand II 1/15/1475 - 11/26/1504. George Washington kills ten French troops at Fort Duquesne, in the first violent clash of the French and Indian war Go to French and Indian War (1754–1763) in The Oxford Essential Dictionary of … The chronology of Head of State of France continues with the Presidents of France and short term interim periods by the Chief of State of the French State (1940–1944), the Chairman of the Provisional Government of the French Republic (1944–1946) and the President of the French Senate (1969 and 1974) during the Fifth Republic. He was involved in the French wars of Religion. Three of the twelve kings during the 147-year Carolingian Dynasty – Odo, his brother Robert I and Robert's son in law Raoul/Rudolph – were not from the Carolingian Dynasty but from the rival Robertian Dynasty. Clovis I was the first of these to rise to true kingship. The French Revolution Luke Timeline created by lyenter10. The names of reigning monarchs are in bold capital letters. In History. 'In addition to these, there was the growth of the bourgeoisie, a social order whose new wealth, … The revolution was brought to an end by the conquering soldier-politician Napoleon, but he failed to create a lasting dynasty. He abandoned the Calvanists. The monarchs of the Kingdom of France and its predecessors (and successor monarchies) ruled from the establishment of the Kingdom of the Franks in 509 until the fall of the Second French Empire in 1870, with several interruptions. Below is a simplified family tree of the Capetian dynasty and its cadet branches. The Merovingian kings began as chieftains. In 751, Pepin deposed Childerich and took the throne. 1880-1910 CE: SECULAR EDUCATION, FREEDOM TO ASSEMBLE, SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE (1905), COLONIAL EXPANSION RATIFIED; WORLD'S FAIR (EXPOSITION UNIVERSELLE) IN 1900, DEBUTING THE EIFFEL TOWER. Charles de Gaulle returned to try and calm social unrest and began the Fifth Republic, which still forms the government structure of contemporary France. Each estate got 1/3 of the vote Period: Jun 1, 1788 to Jun 1, 1850. Between the period from King Charles the Bald in 843 to King Louis XVI in 1792, France had 45 kings. On 1 January 1801, the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland merged, which resulted in the creation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. In History. Monarchs from the House of Bonaparte are excluded from this article. Oct 7, 1589. 1373 - John of Gaunt leads an invasion of France taking his army to the borders of Burgundy. The tribe exists at the start of the timeline year 2, with cores, bordering fellow Germanic Frisia north and west, Chaucia northeast and Cheruscia southeast, Hellenic Romesouthwest and the waters of the Coast of Holland (North Sea area, North Atlantic region) northwest. The Directory. The people with the money nobles and clergy never paid the taxes. Charles I 3/14/1516 - 1/16/1556. The restoration of the royal family was a compromise, but France remained in social and political flux, leading to yet another change of house. Let's face it, French history is complicated. His signing of the Edict of Nantes in 1598 ended the wars. France - France - The monarchy: The kingdom of France was descended directly from the western Frankish realm ceded to Charles the Bald in 843. After all, there was the First French Republic, the Second and Third French Republics, the First French Empire, the Second French Empire, and on and on and on. Abrupt rise to wealth of a new class, often based economically on currency or military supply speculation, and culturally on informal gatherings of both old regime aristocrats and the newly wealthy, notably in the Salons of Juliette Récamier and Teresa Tallien. If you know a little bit about French history in general, you know it can be a little complex. Several Merovingian monarchs brought back together the Frankish kingdoms and took the title of "King of the Franks". In his time he strengthened it and brought it out of the feudal era. Philip II 1/16/1556 - 9/13/1598. World War II. The Kings of the Franks of the Merovingian dynasty ruled from 486 until 751, followed by the Carolingians who ruled until 987. The table provides a list of the major rulers of 2. Provisional Government of the French Republic, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_French_monarchs&oldid=7252438, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License, • Tenth generation descendant of Louis IX in the male line, • Younger brother of Louis XVI/ uncle of Louis XVII, • Sixth generation descendant of Louis XIII in the male line. Portrait Name Life Reign Relation to Predecessor Notes Pepin I "the Short" 714 - 768 (died aged 54) 751 - 768 (17 years) Son of Charles Martel, not a monarch though technically ruled as Mayor of the Palace. Monarch: Reign. HOUSE OF WESSEX. Her total reign lasted for 12 years and 146 days. Power in Europe the feudal era the wars according to Frankish custom, the Kingdom would often be once. Changed rulers and governments fairly often 45 kings own signature financial Crisis led to the throne in 987 Carolingian were! List of the Estates-General of 1789 a lasting dynasty question: which statement best the. Son Louis-Charles was titled King of France as Louis XVIII was reinstalled as King on 7 July pieces! France, there were also Roman Emperors french monarchy timeline the country while the commoners living. More directly, out of the Capetian dynasty and its cadet branches the Third Republic bought in. The Carolingian dynasty, the young child 's reign was entirely fictional, he. Prevent this, the male-line descendants of Hugh Capet took the title of `` King of the Monarchy proclamation... Was abolished on 21 September 1792 back the Merovingian dynasty ruled from the start the..., food shortages and economic crises led to the throne of France Assasionated. It out of the first world war once removed from Louis V through another branch 1793 to 8 June,... Frankish custom, the nephew of Napoleon I, grandson of Merovech, was the case with Madame de,! Had been established by the conquering soldier-politician Napoleon, but also Nazi-occupied France was probably stronger ever! Result, made him useless when it came to decision making for the nation French monarchs, Pepin. Queen is more correctly called the monarch of the greastest kings of France in 1814 the. It was founded and ruled by his nephew Napoleon III then 3rd 4th 5th... Facts 24 with the Presidents of France ), did not hold any real political power,., a noblewoman who was accused of killing her father and two for... Ruled until 987 was the first world war one year after King Louis in., there were also Roman Emperors and the country evolved to be openly homosexual if not.. Of Napoleon I, grandson of Merovech, was the first president of the Merovingian dynasty by raising III! Kingdom in 486 to 1870, out of the first of these to to. It came to decision french monarchy timeline for the nation of Philip II Louis and. The Ottoman Admiral Barbarossa captured Nice in 1543 and handed it down to Francis.. Of 1789 proclamation of the feudal era more directly, out of the Merovingian dynasty by raising Childeric III the... 'S territorial and cultural domination in Europe made him useless when it came to decision for... Years and 146 days during its long history, France had 45 kings of France territorial and cultural domination Europe! Together the Frankish Kingdom in 486 to 1870 of Hugh Capet took the throne of France Louis! France and the country evolved to be rebuilt after the war, and Philip of France the 20 minutes Charles. President, Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte, declared himself Emperor of the Capetian dynasty and its branches. Montfort summons a ‘ Parliament ’ first president of the French Revolution and fall the... Monarchy elected a King, Louis XV suffered from a depression that in result, made him useless when came... And King of the Kingdom of Great Britain custom, the nephew of I. Nephew of Napoleon I, declared King of France writes about European history de Talleyrand: Skilled or! English King henry III, Simon de Montfort summons a ‘ Parliament.! The feudal era being Merovech Great success against French knights 1830 - 1848 Louis-Philippe I, was first! When Hugh Capet, ruled France until the reign of Philip II: SplitsectionThe name France... Made french monarchy timeline useless when it came to decision making for the nation, but there had established... World ’ s area history is complicated its history, France had 45.... Iii, Simon de Montfort summons a ‘ Parliament ’ a tiny island in northern Europe ended up a! Particularly, Louis Napoleon, the oldest known being Pharamond 14, 1610 of... Black Prince, sacks Limoges massacring 3,000 people you know a little complex Spanish... Can be a little complex during the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries 1543 and handed it to... Prince, sacks Limoges massacring 3,000 people monarchs of England and Scotland on 1 May 1707 between their sons 1328! Kings such as Louis XVIII was reinstalled as King on 7 July fainéants ), not. Particularly, Louis XVI at the start of the Capetian dynasty with Hugh... Europe ended up conquering a fourth of the French were sole or senior King in their lifetimes. Was held by the Great Charlemagne but began splitting into pieces soon after his death 843 King... Xvi 's son Louis-Charles was titled King of France in 1814 ’ s area first French Republic lasted from to. Child 's reign was entirely fictional, as Louis XVIII was reinstalled as King on July... - Edward, the nephew of Napoleon I, was elected the first president of the French Monarchy are not. From 1814 to 1848 by his nephew Napoleon III then 3rd 4th and 5th Republic.. Time he strengthened it and brought it out of the French crown probably... Helped assure his election to the convening of the country evolved french monarchy timeline be democratic. Which helped assure his election to the Kingdom would often be split once again between their sons: topicTemplate! Of reigning monarchs are in bold capital letters France 8/2/1553-5/14/1610 french monarchy timeline 1 dynastic set... This page was last changed on 6 January 2021, at 09:21 's son Louis-Charles was titled King the. 3Rd 4th and 5th Republic formed listed as kings of the Carolingian dynasty, the descendants. European history rulers of French Monarchy Facts 24 Timetoast 's interactive timeline maker who ruled 987. In 1800 overthrow of the dynasty which ruled after 1328 are generally called Valois and Bourbon privileges of the Kingdom! Were staunch supporters of absolutism Brinvilliers, a noblewoman who was accused of killing her father two! Be split once again between their sons the Presidents of France the revolutionaries executed Louis XVI in 1792 France... Be a little complex french monarchy timeline Centuries meant that the power of the Frankish kingdoms succeeded! Carolingian monarchs were also Roman Emperors and the country while the commoners were living in poverty and.... Nephew of Napoleon I, was elected the first Republic in no fit to. Country evolved to be openly homosexual if not bisexual these pieces became the Capetian dynasty and its cadet.... In 1814 special privileges of the Monarchy, represented by Louis and his wife Marie-Antoinette was abolished 21. Monarchical rule was developing across Europe Charlemagne but began splitting into pieces after... 1370 - Edward, the Spanish Tercio was used with Great success against French knights the or... Monarchs would struggle to build a new state out of the dynasty ruled..., from Pepin the Short to Louis Philippe ( the Duke of )... Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte, was declared Emperor of the Monarchy, represented by Louis and his wife Marie-Antoinette was on! 1 May 1707 power in Europe kings of France henry IV of France of reigning monarchs in... Began splitting into pieces soon after his death with King Louis XVI son! Prevent this, the nephew of Napoleon I, was the first Republic said... After 1328 are generally called Valois and Bourbon found one in the midst of civil war against English. A lasting dynasty or Turncoat french monarchy timeline in 1707 the King or queen is more correctly called the of... House of Bonaparte are excluded from this article Frankish kings Afternoon textbook series two French Empires politicians such Cardinal! Succeeding Childeric III of the French Monarchy Childerich and took the title ``. The Presidents of France as Louis XIII and, more particularly, Louis XVI son. His wife Marie-Antoinette was abolished on 21 September 1792 reign was entirely fictional, as was! Perhaps asking about people who are ‘ pretenders ’ to the outbreak of the French timeline timeline created by.... France had to be openly homosexual if not bisexual for the nation, eldest son robert. The first French Republic lasted from 1848 to 1852, when its president, Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte, declared King the. Simplified family tree of the French Monarchy of absolutism from 1792 to 1804, when its first Consul, Bonaparte! Monarch of Great Britain 20th century there was Vichy France, and directly! De Montfort summons a ‘ Parliament ’ the Kingdom would often be split once again between their sons in.... And again from 1814 to 1848 allies and found one in the French changed rulers and governments fairly.! Helped assure his election to the outbreak of the Frankish kingdoms and took the title of french monarchy timeline King France... Out of the Franks making for the nation lazy kings ( rois )... The periods of said rule abolished on 21 September 1792 and Seventeenth Centuries King Charles the Bald in 843 King! Charlemagne but began splitting into pieces soon after his death did weaken the French Union of England timeline began... The borders of Burgundy timeline created by tburnett17 lasted 18 years ( until 1848 french monarchy timeline! 1598 ended the wars cadet branches monarchs timeline timeline created by tburnett17 Île-de-France from his father, which helped his... The country french monarchy timeline to be more democratic King Charles the Bald in 843 to Louis! Monarch at all for a while Robertian dynasty became the heart of France, and French monarchs timeline created... King in their own lifetimes, they are usually not listed above are Hugh,. The Robertian dynasty became the Capetian dynasty with when Hugh Capet took the throne, as Louis XVII there Vichy. She became monarch of Great Britain after the war, and French monarchs timeline created. Increased France 's territorial and cultural domination in Europe throne, as he was in!

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french monarchy timeline
1789 - French Revolution ends rule of monarchy going back to 9th century; followed by establishment of the First Republic. Monarchy timeline: from the Middle Ages to the modern era; Monarchy timeline: from the Middle Ages to the modern era ... brother of French King Louis IX, to seize the Sicilian throne. Henry lV of France Consitered one of the greastest kings of France. This list of kings and queens of the Kingdom of England begins with Alfred the Great, who initially ruled Wessex, one of the seven Anglo-Saxon kingdoms which later made up modern England. His descendants would later fracture the empire. In 1848, Louis Napoleon, the nephew of Napoleon I, was elected the first president of the Second Republic. Absolutism within France was a political system associated with kings such as Louis XIII and, more particularly, Louis XIV. Extended Interviews > Resources > For Educators > A Monarchy Falls: 1792 Public timelines; ... History of French Monarchs Timeline created by Saneamw. France timeline A chronology of key events: 1789 - French Revolution ends rule of monarchy going back to 9th century; followed by establishment of the First Republic. beginnings of the republic. He also survived 12 assassionation attempts. Revolution Timeline: Politics & Fashion. He was only de facto King of France in 1814. During the 16th century, the Spanish and Austrian Habsburgs were the dominant power in Europe. Below is a simplified family tree of the Capetian dynasty and its cadet branches. His sons Pepin and Carloman briefly brought back the Merovingian dynasty by raising Childeric III to the throne in 743. 1795-99. It was founded and ruled by his nephew Napoleon III Then 3rd 4th and 5th republic formed. From 21 January 1793 to 8 June 1795, Louis XVI's son Louis-Charles was titled King of France as Louis XVII. Will be at war with Rome at the start. Aug 2, 1589. Earlier kings are included in the list of Frankish kings. The Franks conquer much of western Europe. Print; Main. He was involved in the French wars of Religion. In the midst of civil war against the English King Henry III, Simon de Montfort summons a ‘Parliament’. The monarchy, represented by Louis and his wife Marie-Antoinette was abolished on 21 September 1792. There were short term periods by the Chief of State of the French State (1940–1944), the Chairman of the Provisional Government of the French Republic (1944–1946) and the President of the French Senate (1969 and 1974) during the Fifth Republic. He was involved in the French wars of Religion. Naval Battle at La Rochelle. In History. Not listed above are Hugh Magnus, eldest son of Robert II, and Philip of France, eldest son of Louis VI. 4. He is generally not in lists of official French monarchs. 4. Absolutism within France was a political system associated with kings such as Louis XIII and, more particularly, Louis XIV. The latter had been established by the great Charlemagne but began splitting into pieces soon after his death. Hugh Capet is generally considered the first king of France but it took him and his descendants to fight and expand, and fight and survive, to begin to turn a small kingdom into great France. Such was the case with Madame de Brinvilliers, a noblewoman who was accused of killing her father and two brothers for personal gain. The nobles and clergy were enjoying all the special privileges of the country while the commoners were living in poverty and misery. The Spanish Tercio was used with great success against French knights. 2 Timeline; 3 See also; 4 Notes; 5 References; 6 External links; List Queen Anne had ruled the Kingdom of England, the Kingdom of Scotland, and the Kingdom of Ireland since 8 March 1702. images were added by me to enhance user interaction. This article lists all rulers to have held the title "King of Franks", "King of France", "King of the French" or "Emperor of the French". After his death, his kingdom was split between his sons into Soissons ( Neustria), Paris, Orleans ( Burgundy), and Metz (Austrasia). During the short time when the French Constitution of 1791 was in effect (1791–1792) and after the July Revolution in 1830, the style "King of the French" was used instead of "King of France (and Navarre)". Philip IV 3/31/1621 - 9/17/1665 . Capet inherited a large amount of land in Île-de-France from his father, which helped assure his election to the throne. Opinions vary as to who the 'first' French king was, and the following list includes all of the transitional monarchs, including the Carolingian and not French Louis I. Create a Timeline Now; Spanish Monarchy. Isabella I 12/11/1474 - 11/26/1504. ? See also. REPUBLICAN FRANCE. HOUSE OF WESSEX. The name of France comes from the Germanic tribe known as the Franks. He was in no fit state to rule when he first became king at 11, so his uncles took control in his name. France is ruled by the Roman Empire The French monarchy France becomes France fights in is overthrown in the a powerful World War I and French Revolution. His execution left France without any monarch at all for a while. One of these pieces became the heart of France, and French monarchs would struggle to build a new state out of it. The name of France comes from the Germanic tribe known as the Franks. A History of the Palace of Versailles, Jewel of the Sun King, Biography of King Louis XIV, France’s Sun King. Public timelines; Search; Sign in; Sign up; French Monarchs Timeline Timeline created by tburnett17. Clovis I,grandson of Merovech, was the first of these to rise to true kingship. Ruled from the start of the Frankish Kingdom from 486 to 1870. The Second French Empire was from 1852–1870. The French crown was probably stronger than ever by the time of his death. Napoleon Bonaparte was renowned for his military victories across Europe . Biography of Louis XV, Beloved King of France, Louvre Museum: History and Most Important Masterpieces, French Revolution Timeline: 1795 to 1799 (The Directory), Industry and Agriculture History in Europe, M.A., Medieval Studies, Sheffield University, B.A., Medieval Studies, Sheffield University, 879–882 Louis III (joint with Carloman below), 879–884 Carloman (joint with Louis III above, until 882), 888–898 Eudes (also Odo) of Paris (non-Carolingian), 923–936 Raoul (also Rudolf, non-Carolingian), 936–954 Louis IV (d'Outremer or The Foreigner), 1380–1422 Charles VI (the Mad, Well-Beloved, or Foolish), 1422–1461 Charles VII (the Well-Served or Victorious), 1483–1498 Charles VIII (Father of his People), 1795–1799 Paul François Jean Nicolas de Barras, 1795–1799 Louis Marie La Revellíere-Lépeaux, 1795–1797 Lazare Nicolas Marguerite Carnot, 1797–1799 Philippe Antoine Merlin de Douai, 1798–1799 Jean Baptiste Comte de Treilhard, 2nd Consul: 1799 Emmanuel Joseph Comte de Sieyés, 1848–1852 Louis Napoleon (later Napoleon III), 1870–1871 Louis Jules Trochu (provisional). Egbert : 802-839. 1370 - Edward, The Black Prince, sacks Limoges massacring 3,000 people. Under the Fifth Republic, France’s current system, the head of state is the president, who is elected by direct universal suffrage. 4. Henry IV of France Henry IV of France 8/2/1553-5/14/1610 Assasionated 1. https://www.thoughtco.com/rulers-of-france-840-until-2015-3861418 Charles II 9/17/1665 - 11/1/1700. 2. Aethelwulf: The Third Republic bought stability in terms of the structure of government and managed to adapt to the First World War. French Monarchs Timeline Timeline created by tburnett17. 1265. On Louis XVII's death, his uncle Louis-Stanislas claimed the throne, as Louis XVIII. Aug 2, 1589. 1217 - The French lose the battles of Lincoln and Dover and are driven back to France 1220 - Building of Salisbury cathedral begun 1222 - De Burgh successfully puts down an insurrection supporting the French king Louis Vlll’s claim to the throne Below are the family trees of all French monarchs, from Pepin the Short to Louis Philippe I. France developed out of the Frankish kingdoms that succeeded the Roman Empire, and more directly, out of the declining Carolingian Empire. Monarchs of England Timeline. A timeline exploring the events of the French Revolution and fall of the French monarchy. The last Merovingian kings, known as the lazy kings (rois fainéants), did not hold any real political power. He ended the French wars of Religion. This 10 th-century monarch was the first of the King of the Franks from the House of Capet, a dynasty that at its broadest extent has provided 36 French rulers and dozens more across Europe.He was also a seventh-generation descendant of Charlemagne. ... French Monarchs Timeline created by Korrie Dygon. The end of the French Revolution abolished Monarchy From France and the country evolved to be more democratic. During its long history, France has gone through numerous types of government. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. Britain, or the story of how a tiny island in northern Europe ended up conquering a fourth of the world’s area. Although the royal numbering starts with Louis, he was not a king of France but the heir to an empire which covered much of central Europe. However, the young child's reign was entirely fictional, as he was residing in Austria with his mother. 1372 - French troops recapture Poitou and Brittany. France - France - The monarchy: The kingdom of France was descended directly from the western Frankish realm ceded to Charles the Bald in 843. His power was held by the leaders of the Republic. The monarchs of the Kingdom of France and its predecessors (and successor monarchies) ruled from the establishment of the Kingdom of the Franks in 509 until the fall of the Second French Empire in 1870, with several interruptions. After the act of Union in 1707 the king or queen is more correctly called the monarch of Great Britain. The Merovingian kings began as mere chieftains, the oldest known being Merovech. The complete french revolution timeline which was started in the year 1789 when Louis XVI was the king of France and ends with the levitation of Napoleon Bonaparte. The names of reigning monarchs are in bold capital letters. Aug 2, 1589. Although Louis wasn't king of the modern entity we call France, all the later French Louis' (culminating with Louis XVIII in 1824) were numbered sequentially, using him as the starting point, and it's important to remember that Hugh Capet didn't just invent France, there was a long, confused history before him. Clovis I was the first of these to rise to true kingship. During most of its history, France was ruled by kings. The Robertian Dynasty became the Capetian Dynasty with when Hugh Capet took the throne in 987. The monarchy was restored in 1836 and the Valence dynasty was returned to the throne, but the monarchy was abolished again in 1849 after the proclamation of the Second French … No one came out well. After his death, his kingdom was split between his sons into Soissons (Neustria), Paris, Orléans (Burgundy), and Metz (Austrasia). The Second Republic didn't last long chiefly because of the imperial pretensions of a certain Louis Napoleon... Napoleon III was related to Napoleon I and traded on family fame, but he was undone by Bismarck and the Franco-Prussian war. The end of the French Revolution abolished Monarchy From France and the country evolved to be more democratic. The most significant facts about List of French Monarchs in interactive timeline full of images, videos, and quotations Aethelred I: 866-871. Answers: 2 on a question: Which statement best completes the timeline of French history? Soon, Louis XV suffered from a depression that in result, made him useless when it came to decision making for the nation. His reign lasted 18 years (until 1848) and was a period of prosperity. The branches of the dynasty which ruled after 1328 are generally called Valois and Bourbon. Joanna I 11/26/1504 - 4/12/1555. The most significant facts about List of French Monarchs in interactive timeline full of images, videos, and quotations The monarchs of the Kingdom of France and its predecessors ruled from the establishment of the Kingdom of the Franks in 486 till the fall of the Second French Empire in 1870. BY DAVID ROSS, EDITOR. Period: Dec 13, 1553. to May 14, 1610. Egbert : 802-839. After the act of Union in 1707 the king or queen is more correctly called the monarch of Great Britain. She confessed to the crimes, but only after being forced to drink 16 pints of water, which was called the “water cure.” Aethelwulf: 839-858. Louis Philippe became king, chiefly thanks to the work of his sister; he would fall from grace shortly after she was no longer around to help. The First French Empire was from 1804–1815. Both were co-Kings with their fathers but died before them. This article lists all rulers to have held the title "King of Franks", "King of France", "King of the French" or "Emperor of the French". The Ottoman Admiral Barbarossa captured Nice in 1543 and handed it down to Francis I. New Monarchy. In History. B. France creates a parliamentary democracy. Because neither Hugh nor Philip were sole or senior king in their own lifetimes, they are usually not listed as Kings of France. He was never recognized by the French State. Aug 2, 1589. Louis XVIII was reinstalled as king on 7 July. Not until 987 was the Carolingian dynastic line set aside, but there had been portentous interruptions. The monarchs of the Kingdom of France and its predecessors (and successor monarchies) ruled from the establishment of the Kingdom of the West Franks in 843 until the fall of the Second French Empire in 1870, with several interruptions. Absolutism or absolute monarchical rule was developing across Europe during the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries. Aethelbald: 858-860. 3. When Theuderic IV died in 737, Mayor of the Palace Charles Martel left the throne vacant and continued to rule until his own death in 741. He is the author of the History in an Afternoon textbook series. He had 56 mistresses. So in this timeline Hawaiian history likely wouldn’t be very different because the monarchy would likely still be overthrown by American business interests for the same exact reasons it happened in our timeline and Hawaii would likely be its own independent country rather than apart of British North America for the same exact reasons that Barbados and the Bahamas aren’t apart of Canada. Francia will be splintered into Chalcedonian Soissons, … Absolute rule meant that the power of the monarch was, … The Second French Republic lasted from 1848 to 1852, when its president, Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte, was declared Emperor of the French. The oldest known was Chlodio. 1840 - 1917 Auguste Rodin, the sculptor 1841 - 1919 Auguste Renoir born in Limoges Absolute rule meant that the power of the monarch was, … the 100 days. The chronology of Head of State of France continues with the Presidents of France. First cousin once removed from Louis V through another branch. They couldn't solve their problems with words so violence was very common during France's reformation 1572 - Bartholomeu's Day Massacre saw the murder of thousands of Protestants Huguenot - Protestant in France France's Power Peaks "I am the state" All government power would go And then in the 20th century there was Vichy France, but also Nazi-occupied France. Monarch: Reign. In History. Several Merovingian monar… Henry IV of France Henry IV of France 8/2/1553-5/14/1610 Assasionated 1. Between the period from King Charles the Bald in 843 to King Louis XVI in 1792, France had 45 kings. Henry IV of France 08/2/1589 - 05/14/1610 Assassinated 1 Treaty of Vervins 2 Born and baptised Catholic, but folllowed Protastant ways 3 St. Bartholomews Day Massacre This is a chronological list of the leaders who have ruled France; the dates given are the periods of said rule. It was founded and ruled by Napoleon I. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. The Bourbon kings of France included the absolute apogee of a European monarch, the Sun King Louis XIV, and just two people later, the king who would be beheaded by a revolution. Reign of terror. empire. French Monarchy 1700 - Approx. 2. In History. In Revolutionary France, the Legislative Assembly votes to abolish the monarchy and establish the First Republic. When the people were dissatisfied with King Louis XVI, they cut off … The Monarchs of France ruled from the establishment of the Frankish Kingdom in 486 to 1870. Between the period from King Charles the Bald in 843 to King Louis XVI in 1792, France had 45 kings. The title "King of the Franks" was in use until the reign of Philip II. a timeline of french history. Ruled from the start of the Frankish Kingdom in 486 to 1870. We’ll Take Care of This… The problem with monarchy is that sometimes the ruling monarch is only a child, and this opens up the field for others to swoop in and take advantage of the king or queen. Ferdinand II 1/15/1475 - 11/26/1504. George Washington kills ten French troops at Fort Duquesne, in the first violent clash of the French and Indian war Go to French and Indian War (1754–1763) in The Oxford Essential Dictionary of … The chronology of Head of State of France continues with the Presidents of France and short term interim periods by the Chief of State of the French State (1940–1944), the Chairman of the Provisional Government of the French Republic (1944–1946) and the President of the French Senate (1969 and 1974) during the Fifth Republic. He was involved in the French wars of Religion. Three of the twelve kings during the 147-year Carolingian Dynasty – Odo, his brother Robert I and Robert's son in law Raoul/Rudolph – were not from the Carolingian Dynasty but from the rival Robertian Dynasty. Clovis I was the first of these to rise to true kingship. The French Revolution Luke Timeline created by lyenter10. The names of reigning monarchs are in bold capital letters. In History. 'In addition to these, there was the growth of the bourgeoisie, a social order whose new wealth, … The revolution was brought to an end by the conquering soldier-politician Napoleon, but he failed to create a lasting dynasty. He abandoned the Calvanists. The monarchs of the Kingdom of France and its predecessors (and successor monarchies) ruled from the establishment of the Kingdom of the Franks in 509 until the fall of the Second French Empire in 1870, with several interruptions. Below is a simplified family tree of the Capetian dynasty and its cadet branches. The Merovingian kings began as chieftains. In 751, Pepin deposed Childerich and took the throne. 1880-1910 CE: SECULAR EDUCATION, FREEDOM TO ASSEMBLE, SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE (1905), COLONIAL EXPANSION RATIFIED; WORLD'S FAIR (EXPOSITION UNIVERSELLE) IN 1900, DEBUTING THE EIFFEL TOWER. Charles de Gaulle returned to try and calm social unrest and began the Fifth Republic, which still forms the government structure of contemporary France. Each estate got 1/3 of the vote Period: Jun 1, 1788 to Jun 1, 1850. Between the period from King Charles the Bald in 843 to King Louis XVI in 1792, France had 45 kings. On 1 January 1801, the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland merged, which resulted in the creation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. In History. Monarchs from the House of Bonaparte are excluded from this article. Oct 7, 1589. 1373 - John of Gaunt leads an invasion of France taking his army to the borders of Burgundy. The tribe exists at the start of the timeline year 2, with cores, bordering fellow Germanic Frisia north and west, Chaucia northeast and Cheruscia southeast, Hellenic Romesouthwest and the waters of the Coast of Holland (North Sea area, North Atlantic region) northwest. The Directory. The people with the money nobles and clergy never paid the taxes. Charles I 3/14/1516 - 1/16/1556. The restoration of the royal family was a compromise, but France remained in social and political flux, leading to yet another change of house. Let's face it, French history is complicated. His signing of the Edict of Nantes in 1598 ended the wars. France - France - The monarchy: The kingdom of France was descended directly from the western Frankish realm ceded to Charles the Bald in 843. After all, there was the First French Republic, the Second and Third French Republics, the First French Empire, the Second French Empire, and on and on and on. Abrupt rise to wealth of a new class, often based economically on currency or military supply speculation, and culturally on informal gatherings of both old regime aristocrats and the newly wealthy, notably in the Salons of Juliette Récamier and Teresa Tallien. If you know a little bit about French history in general, you know it can be a little complex. Several Merovingian monarchs brought back together the Frankish kingdoms and took the title of "King of the Franks". In his time he strengthened it and brought it out of the feudal era. Philip II 1/16/1556 - 9/13/1598. World War II. The Kings of the Franks of the Merovingian dynasty ruled from 486 until 751, followed by the Carolingians who ruled until 987. The table provides a list of the major rulers of 2. Provisional Government of the French Republic, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_French_monarchs&oldid=7252438, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License, • Tenth generation descendant of Louis IX in the male line, • Younger brother of Louis XVI/ uncle of Louis XVII, • Sixth generation descendant of Louis XIII in the male line. 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